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研究生:洪建興
研究生(外文):Hung Chien-Hsing
論文名稱:國小高年級學童對於「禽流感」的認知及預防行為之研究─以臺中市某國小為例
論文名稱(外文):The Cognition and the Preventive Behavior of "Avian Influenza" among Students in Higher Grades of Tai-chung Elementary School
指導教授:胡文品
指導教授(外文):Hu Wen-Pin
口試委員:陳玉菁朱彥煒胡文品
口試委員(外文):Chen Yu-ChingChu Yen-WeiHu Wen-Pin
口試日期:2013-06-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:亞洲大學
系所名稱:生物與醫學資訊學系碩士在職專班
學門:工程學門
學類:生醫工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:禽流感的認知禽流感預防態度禽流感預防行為傾向
外文關鍵詞:avian flu awarenessattitudes preventionprevention behavioral tendencies
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本研究以臺中市太平區長億國民小學五六年級為研究對象,藉由在「禽流感」傳染病知識的測驗衡量,對於高年級學童在「禽流感」知識相關概念的認知程度,做為進行教學時之參考。採問卷調查法,瞭解學童在「禽流感的認知(知識理解)」、「禽流感預防態度」及「禽流感預防行為傾向」之現況和相關情形,及是否因不同的背景變項而有所差異。
發出之問卷共五、六年級各4個班級共8班共計240份,回收220份,剔除無效問卷6份後,有效之問卷計214份,其問卷有效率達89.1%。以描述性統計、獨立樣本單因子變異數分析和皮爾森積差相關等方法進行統計分析。主要結果如下:
一、國小高年級學童的部份個人資料在「禽流感的認知」構面具有顯著差異。
二、國小高年級學童的個人背景資料對於「禽流感預防態度」構面及「禽流感預防行為傾向」不具有顯著性差異。
三、國小學童背景變項在「禽流感的認知(知識理解)」、「禽流感預防態度」及「禽流感預防行為傾向」構面間均存在顯著正向相關。
關鍵詞:禽流感的認知、禽流感預防態度、禽流感預防行為傾向
In this study, the high-grade students in Chang Yi elementary school in Taichung City are the research objects. By performing the "avian flu" epidemic knowledge tests to measure the "avian flu" awareness level of high-grade students based on the knowledge related concepts, which can be a reference in teaching. A questionnaire survey is used to understand the current situation of students in the "bird flu cognitive (knowledge and understanding)", "avian influenza prevention attitude" and "bird flu prevention behavioral tendencies". Different background variables of students are also investigated to understand their influences on students’ cognitive, attitude and behavior.
Total 240 questionnaires were submitted to four sixth-grade classes and four fifth-grade classes and the number of returned questionnaires was 220, and 214 returned questionnaires were valid. The effective rate of returned questionnaires is 89.1%. Descriptive statistics, independent sample ANOVA and Pearson correlation analysis and other methods were used for statistical analysis. The main results are as follows:
1. A part of "bird flu awareness" among high-grade students in the elementary school is significantly influenced by their background parameters. 2. The personal data of high-grade students in elementary school do not have significantly influence on "bird flu prevention attitude" and "bird flu prevention behavioral tendencies".
3. The background parameters of students in the elementary school have significantly positive correlations on "bird flu cognitive (knowledge and understanding)", "avian influenza prevention attitude" and "bird flu prevention behavioral tendencies".
Keywords: avian flu awareness, attitudes prevention, prevention behavioral tendencies

摘要 II
Abstract III
目錄 V
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的與待答問題 6
第三節 名詞釋義 8
第四節 研究範圍與限制 9
第五節 章節結構 10
第二章 文獻探討 12
第一節 禽流感形成與防疫措施 12
第二節 知識、態度與行為之理論 33
第三節 國小教科書中禽流感預防知識相關內容之說明 40
第四節 相關研究 43
第三章 研究方法 49
第一節 研究架構 49
第二節 研究假設 50
第三節 研究對象與抽樣方法 51
第四節 研究工具 51
第五節 前測分析 60
第六節 資料統計分析方法 62
第四章 研究結果分析 64
第一節 敘述統計分析 64
第二節 問卷之信效度分析 70
第三節 t檢定及單因子變異數分析 74
第四節 各構面之相關分析 81
第五章 結論與建議 85
第一節 研究結論 85
第二節 建議事項 88
參考文獻 91
國小高年級學童對於「禽流感」的認知及預防行為之研究之研究問卷 97

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參、網頁部份:
行政院衛生署疾病管制局 www.cdc.gov.tw/‎
中華民國環境職業協會,台灣企業禽流感防治參考手冊,行政院衛生署http://www.doh.gov.tw/
國政研究報告 http://www.npf.org.tw/PUBLICATION/SS/095/SS-R-095-001.htm 瀏覽日期:2013/02/03
行政院衛生署疾病管制局 http://www.cdc.gov.tw 瀏覽日期:2013/02/03
流感防治網 http://flu.cdc.gov.tw/qa_a_01.asp?data_id=20 瀏覽日期:2013/02/03
流感防治網 http://flu.cdc.gov.tw/qa_a_01.asp?data_id=103 瀏覽日期:2013/02/03
WHO, 2010. http://www.who.int

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