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研究生:林佩璇
研究生(外文):Pei-Husan Lin
論文名稱:建置以RFID技術為基礎的情境感知無所不在學習天文環境
論文名稱(外文):Context-awareness Ubiquitous Learning based on RFID Technology for Astronomy
指導教授:陳佳楨陳佳楨引用關係吳金山吳金山引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chia-Chen ChenChin-Shan Wu
口試委員:黃天麒吳金山陳佳楨陳牧言林正偉
口試日期:2013-07-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:資訊管理學系
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:無所不在學習無線射頻辨識技術情境感知
外文關鍵詞:Ubiquitous LearningRadio Frequency IdentificationContext Awareness
相關次數:
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隨著近年來資訊科技的蓬勃發展,教育學習的方式已經從傳統的教室學習轉進而發展到以行動設備作為輔助的行動學習(Mobile Learning, M-learning)和結合行動設備與情境感知的無所不在學習(Ubiquitous Learning, U-learning)。無所不在學習主要是希望讓學習者不受時間和地點限制以實境式學習方式去體驗、發掘學習的內容及培養學習者解決問題的能力、提高學習者學習動機。雖然學習方式有所突破,但學習者仍缺乏掌握學習重點的能力並需要一個有助於學習者有效學習的工具。為了解決這兩個主要問題,本論文設計一個以U-learning為基礎的星象觀測輔助系統,傳統的天文星象課程是以星象盤的操作和課堂上的課本圖文說明去做學習,而真正的天文學習不應該只侷限在課本上,而忽略教室外的那片星空。
本論文是以無線射頻辨識(Radio Frequency Identification, RFID)技術與行動設備的結合,讓學習者去星空下去做觀察、發掘知識並記錄,運用RFID的高移動性、易讀取性等特性與真實環境產生互動學習,達到情境學習(Situated Learning)、精熟學習(Mastery Learning)為目的,讓學生從中主動探索學習、主動建構知識。學習後,依照學生學習速度的不同,再提供校正活動。本論文可達到以下效益:(1)學生可立即知道目前學習效果,教師也可立即檢視和了解學生學習狀況;(2)知識的取得由教師在課堂上被動灌輸轉為由學生透過本系統主動探索,讓學生獲得經驗性的學習,提升自發性的態度和能力;(3)最後本論文以現象描述方式評估學生對於系統接受度,其使用自願性相當高。

With the flourishing development of information technology in recent years, the way of study is learnt and transferred from classroom to Electronic Learning (E-learning), and then develop to Mobile Learning (M-learning) and Ubiquitous Learning (U-learning). The main topic of U-learning is to increase learners' motivation, and overcome the limitations of time and location. Though U-learning is an innovative approach, learners still lack of the ability of grasping the focal point, and a tool which learners can learn effectively. To manage these problems, this study is designed to an astronomical learning system based on U-learning. Through the properties of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), learners can observe and record the stars under the sky, and then to achieve Situational learning and Student-Centered learning in authentic learning environment.
This research shows that (1)The learners can know the learning results at present immediately, and the teacher can also look over and realize the study status of learner; (2)The knowledge can be acquired not only from the classroom educated by the teacher, but also exploring voluntarily by the learners themselves through this system. The learners will promote the attitude and ability of learning actively thru experiential learning

中文摘要…………………….…………………….…………………….…………………….………………………….I
英文摘要…………………….…………………….…………………….…………………….…………………………II
目錄 III
表目錄 IV
圖目錄 V
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第三節 研究流程 7
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 無線射頻辨識技術 9
第二節 無所不在學習 20
第三節 情境學習 25
第四節 精熟學習 28
第五節 科技接受模式 30
第六節 星象學習 32
第三章 系統實作 34
第一節 系統架構 34
第二節 系統規格 35
第三節 系統功能說明 36
第四節 系統流程 37
第五節 星象觀測輔助程式執行畫面 47
第四章 研究方法 59
第一節 教學研究與目標 59
第二節 研究設計 59
第三節 樣本資料分析 61
第五章 結論與建議 67
第一節 研究結論 67
第二節 研究限制 68
第三節 未來研究方向 70
參考文獻 71

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