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研究生:楊士瑩
研究生(外文):Shin-Ying Yang
論文名稱:染料敏化太陽能電池生命週期之碳足跡及水足跡評估
論文名稱(外文):Life Cycle Carbon and Water Footprinting for Dye Sensitized Solar Cell
指導教授:胡憲倫胡憲倫引用關係
口試委員:周嫦娥高思懷
口試日期:2012-07-06
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程與管理研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:生命週期評估碳足跡評估水足跡評估染料敏化太陽能電池
外文關鍵詞:Life Cycle AssessmentCarbon Footprint AssessmentWater Footprint AssessmentDye Sensitized Solar Cell
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:13
  • 點閱點閱:422
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
全球現今面臨著氣候變遷及全球暖化造成的全球環境議題,影響的層面亦包含水,根據文獻,若氣溫持續升高,在2020年缺水人口將高達4億到17億人口;除了環境問題外,傳統化石能源有限帶來的能源危機,亦是一個嚴重的問題,以台灣地區來說,由於資源缺乏,需求大都仰賴進口,根據經濟部能源局的統計資料,台灣地區在2010年能源供給量有99.39%來自進口;在能源及水資源如此重要的時代,加上環境衝擊的影響,再生能源的發展可以說是相當重要。染料敏化太陽能電池,屬於第三代太陽能電池,透過一連串的轉換,將太陽能轉換成我們使用的電力,雖然太陽能電池在發電過程並不會有碳排放及水資源消耗,但考慮完整的生命週期,在其他階段亦有碳排放及水資源消耗。因此本研究以生命週期的思維,包含從原料開採、製造及組裝、運輸、使用到最終廢棄處置,並輔以生命週期軟體GaBi 5進行染料敏化太陽能電池整個完整發電系統,其生命週期之碳足跡及水足跡的計算。並且透過架設地點與台灣地區日射資料庫,計算染料敏化太陽能電池之預期總發電量,並將碳足跡及水足跡計算結果與預期總發電量相除,得到染料敏化太陽能電池生命週期每度發電之碳足跡及水足跡。本研究之染料敏化太陽能電池其整體之碳足跡為342.44 kgCO2eq,而水足跡為7,409,280 L,而計算染料敏化太陽能電池之預期總發電量為2,431.7 kWh,將生產過程中透入之能源與之相除則能得到能源回收時間(Energy Pay Back Time, EPBT)為0.7年,而每度發電之碳足跡為0.141 kgCO2eq/kWh,每度發電之水足跡為3,050 L/kWh。

Our living planet is facing global climate change and lots of other environmental problems. It alos includes water problems. According to the literature, if the temperature continues to rise, the population which affected by the shortage of water will be as high as 400 to 1,700 million in 2020. In addition to environmental and water problems, energy is also a serious problem. In Taiwan, energy demand relies mostly on importation (99.39%). While the importance of energy and water resources is higher than before, it is believe that we need to focus on developing renewable energy. Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) is one kind of solar cells of the third generations. Solar energy can be transformed into power through several mechanisms. Although there is no carbon dioxide released and water consumed during the power generation stage, we need to consider the impact of the whole life cycle. In this study, life cycle stages of solar cell, including material mining, manufacturing and assembling, transport, using and final disposal are considered. Life cycle assessment software- GaBi 5 was used for calculating the carbon footprint and water footprint of DSSC. The results showed that the carbon footprint and water footprint of whole DSSC power generation system are 342.44 kg CO2 and 7,409,280 L, respectively. To convert the results into per kWh electricity produced, the results become 0.141 kg CO2/kWh and 3,050 L/kWh for the carbon footprint and water footprint, respectively.

摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 4
1.3 研究目的 4
1.4 研究流程 5
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1 生命週期評估 7
2.1.1 生命週期評估的發展 7
2.1.2 生命週期評估方法 8
2.2 碳足跡 12
2.2.1 碳足跡的發展及介紹 12
2.2.2 碳足跡的計算方法 14
2.2.3 碳足跡的計算準則 15
2.2.3.1 英國PAS 2050 15
2.2.3.2 環保署產品與服務碳足跡計算指引 17
2.3 水足跡 19
2.3.1 水足跡的發展及介紹 19
2.3.2 水足跡之評估與應用 21
2.4 太陽能電池介紹及相關環境衝擊文獻回顧 31
2.4.1 太陽能電池介紹及種類 31
2.4.2 染料敏化太陽能電池 32
2.4.3 太陽能電池之環境衝擊文獻回顧 33
2.4.3.1 太陽能電池之碳足跡評估相關文獻 33
2.4.3.2 太陽能電池之水足跡評估相關文獻 36
2.5 小結 36
第三章 研究方法 38
3.1 研究內容與架構 38
3.2 染料敏化太陽能電池之製程 40
3.3 生命週期評估軟體 42
3.3.1 GaBi簡介 42
3.4 太陽能電池之預期總發電量計算 48
第四章 結果與討論 50
4.1 染料敏化太陽能電池盤查分析 50
4.1.1 功能單位 50
4.1.2 系統邊界及假設說明 50
4.1.3 盤查資料描述 53
4.1.3.1 原料及能資源投入 53
4.1.3.2 各原料製程產生之廢污水排放 56
4.1.3.3 電力產生之廢污水排放 56
4.2 染料敏化太陽能電池碳足跡及水足跡 57
4.2.1碳足跡之計算結果 57
4.2.2水足跡之計算結果 60
4.3 染料敏化太陽能電池每度發電之碳足跡及水足跡 65
4.4 與本研究相關太陽能電池碳足跡文獻之比較 66
4.5 與本研究相關太陽能電池水足跡文獻之比較 68
4.6 碳足跡及水足跡之盤查建議 70
第五章 結論與建議 74
5.1 結論 74
5.2 建議與未來研究方向 75
參考文獻 77
附錄A:原料及製造階段各元件製程之污水排放種類及濃度 84


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