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研究生:莊文仁
研究生(外文):Wun-Ren jhuang
論文名稱:整合式適路性機車頭燈與後視鏡系統
論文名稱(外文):Integrated Adaptive Front-light and Rear-view Mirror System for Motorcycles
指導教授:蕭耀榮蕭耀榮引用關係
口試委員:葉啟南陳立文
口試日期:2013-07-19
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:車輛工程系所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:機車頭燈機車後視鏡適路性機車頭燈適路性機車後視鏡
外文關鍵詞:motorcycle headlightmotorcycle rear-view mirroradaptive headlight for motorcyclesadaptive rear-view mirror for motorcycles
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本論文針對適路性機車頭燈與後視鏡系統進行整合與控制。現階段已有部分車廠研發出基本簡易功能適路性頭燈系統(Adaptive Front-light System,AFS)來改善固定式照明的缺點。另外加上適路性機車後視鏡系統,來改善因傳統機車後視鏡車輛行經彎道或其他狀況時產生視野死角,無法提供駕駛者後方視野的路況資訊,而導致交通意外事故的發生。因此本研究結合兩者優點,進一步發展出整合式適路性機車頭燈與後視鏡系統。
本研究在模擬部份利用機車動態分析軟體(BikeSim)探討機車動態,建立機車的數學模型。並針對機車頭燈與後視鏡進行不同路況模擬分析,如轉彎、上下坡、坑洞、減速墊的車身姿態變化,分析數據後設計其控制器,藉由LabVIEW程式的整合,控制LED陣列式頭燈與後視鏡,進行兩者整合式控制,並進行硬體規劃及驅動電路之系統整合,使整合式適路性頭燈與後視鏡系統可隨機車俯仰、側傾及車速之不同動態,以及行駛不同的道路環境,提供機車駕駛者更高的頭燈照射效率及照明範圍,減少不合適之眩光。以及更寬廣的後視鏡視野,亦能提升駕駛者安全,減少交通事故的發生。

The present study aims to integrate and control adaptive front-light and rear-view mirror system for motorcycles. Many automotive factories have developed Adaptive Front-light System (AFS) to improve disadvantages of fixed light. In addition, adaptive rear-view mirror system for motorcycles is utilized to improve the blind angle appearing when a rider passes along a curve with a traditional motorcycle, or when unexpected situation happens. The deficiency in providing riders with information on rear-view road conditions often leads to traffic accidents. The present study, therefore, integrates advantages of the two systems and goes a step further with the aim to developing an integrated adaptive front-light and rear-view mirror system for motorcycles.
To investigate dynamic characteristics and establish a mathematical model for motorcycle, simulations in the present study were analyzed via motorcycle dynamic analysis software (BikeSim). Various road conditions (e.g., postural changes in making turns, going up- and down-slope, running over potholes and deceleration pads) are simulated for the AFS and rear-view mirror systems on motorcycle; subsequently a controller was designed. LabVIEW was employed to implement integrated control on the LED array front-light and rear-view mirror, hardware planning, and integration of driving circuits. In this way, the front-light and rear-view mirror system of the integrated adaptive motorcycle could act according to different dynamics of the motorcycle such as pitch angle, roll rate, velocity, and various road environments to provide better front-light illumination efficiency and coverage and to decrease inappropriate glare. As a result, a broader rear view was generated, safety of the driver was promoted, and occurrence of traffic accidents was decreased.

中文摘要...............................................i
英文摘要...............................................ii
誌謝...................................................iv
目錄...................................................v
表目錄.................................................vii
圖目錄.................................................viii
第一章 前言............................................1
1.1 研究背景與動機.....................................1
1.2 文獻回顧...........................................3
1.2.1 轉向頭燈的發展...................................3
1.2.2 後視鏡裝置的發展.................................9
1.3 研究方法與目的.....................................10
1.4 論文架構...........................................12
第二章 機車頭燈照明與後視鏡之相關法規探討..............13
2.1 美國、歐洲及台灣現行機車頭燈照明法規...............13
2.2 後視鏡相關規範法規.................................15
2.2.1 後視鏡一般規範與特殊規範.........................15
2.2.2 後視鏡安裝要求與位置.............................16
2.3 結語...............................................17
第三章 機車動態分析與模擬..............................18
3.1 機車動態模型.......................................18
3.2 機車於直線時之動態分析.............................21
3.2.1 機車水平俯仰角(pitch angle)動態模擬..............24
3.3 機車於轉彎時之動態分析.............................27
3.3.1 機車側傾(roll angle)動態模擬.....................31
3.3.2 機車轉向角(steer angle)動態模擬..................36
3.4 低通濾波器設計.....................................42
3.5 模擬結果分析.......................................46
第四章 適路性LED陣列機車頭燈與後視鏡系統...............47
4.1 適路性LED陣列機車頭燈系統..........................47
4.1.1 適路性LED陣列機車頭燈燈型模擬....................49
4.1.2 適路型LED陣列機車頭燈行駛動態模擬................55
4.2 適路性機車後視鏡系統...............................58
4.2.1 適路性機車後視鏡行駛動態模擬.....................58
4.3 灰色系統理論(Grey Theory)與預測器設計..............60
4.3.1 灰色系統理論.....................................61
4.3.2 灰色預測器的設計.................................63
4.4 適路性機車頭燈與後視鏡行駛動態整合模擬.............64
第五章 實體硬體整合架設及系統整合......................73
5.1 硬體規劃及實體整合架設.............................73
5.2 驅動電路設計.......................................78
5.3 控制程式整合.......................................83
5.4 實驗測試結果.......................................85
第六章 結論與未來展望..................................95
6.1 結論...............................................95
6.2 未來展望...........................................96
參考文獻...............................................97



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