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研究生:曾婷婷
研究生(外文):Tseng,Ting-Ting
論文名稱:臺灣室內裝修建材黴菌診斷及改善方法之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Fungus Diagnosis and Improvement methods of Building Materials in Taiwan
指導教授:邵文政邵文政引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-Cheng Shao
口試委員:趙馨段葉芳江哲銘
口試委員(外文):Hsing-ChaoYeh-Gang DuannChe-Ming Chiang
口試日期:2012-12-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:建築與都市設計研究所
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:室內裝修建材濕度黴菌防黴撥水劑
外文關鍵詞:building materialshumidityimprovement methods of Fungus
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臺灣本土氣候高溫高濕極適合黴菌生長,對人體而言黴菌感染會引起各種疾病。據統計臺灣室內環境中黴菌主要來自室內裝修設計所使用的建材,如木材、矽酸鈣板、石膏板及一般塗料等,其建材表面與背面都是易吸收水分之材質,容易積存水分,亦無防黴處理,造成黴菌孢子繁殖。如何控制室內裝修建材濕度,避免建材生物性黴菌增長,為營造健康室內環境品質之重要課題。
綜觀國外綠建材標章,已逐步增加其健康性能,目前國內綠建材標章尚未將「防黴抗菌」納入評定基準,又無適用於建材之黴菌診斷標準試驗(CNS)方法,多半僅能借鏡國外相關規定。因此本研究期能建立產業界適用之「非破壞性建材黴菌診斷流程」,針對臺灣室內環境、建材濕度進行實場檢測調查,與建材受黴菌污染情形進行相關性分析,歸納易受黴菌污染之室內裝修建材種類與原因,分別使用物理性、化學性等改善方式,進行室內裝修建材之濕度與黴菌控制,並提出具體改善成果之效益。本研究具體成果如下:
一、建立非破壞性建材黴菌診斷流程。
二、建材黴菌生長與濕度及結露現象成正比。
三、易受黴菌污染之室內裝修建材種類。
四、室內裝修建材黴菌改善方法。
五、撥水劑無防黴功效。
六、使用防黴劑添加填縫劑,無法確實達到防黴再現性,推測與加工方式有關。


The high temperature and high humidity in Taiwan is suitable for the growth of fungus. To a human body, the infection of fungus may cause various diseases including allergies, rhinitis, asthma, dermatosis, athlete’s foot and keratitis. According to statistics, the fungus indoor in Taiwan mainly comes from building materials used for interior de-sign, such as wood, calcium silicate board, gypsum board and general coating. The sur-face and back of the building materials are water absorbable, so moisture is easily kept in. Also, they are not fungus-proof, which causes the reproduction of fungus spores. Therefore, how to control the humidity of building materials for interior design and how to avoid the growth of biological fungus, it has become an important issue in the estab-lishment of a healthy indoor environment.
The green building material label in foreign countries has gradually increased its health function. Up to present, the green building material label in Taiwan has not in-cluded “fungus-prevention and anti-germ” in its evaluation standard. In addition, it does not apply to CNS that diagnoses fungus in building materials, and mostly it can merely depend on related regulations abroad. Therefore, the study aims to establish a “non-destructive diagnostic approach for fungus on building materials” that applies to related industries. The interior environment and humidity of building materials had been examined and investigated, and building materials being contaminated by fungus had been analyzed to induce the types and causes of building materials for interior design that were vulnerable for fungus contamination. Physical and chemical methods were used to improve the humidity of building materials and to control fungus, and concrete improvement benefits were proposed. The results of the study can serve as reference for future designers, builders, users and property management companies. The concrete re-sults of the study are as follows:
I. Establishment of Non-Destructive Diagnostic Approach for Fungus Contami-nation on Building Materials
The diagnostic approach could be divided into four stages. The first stage was “Observation Approach” to judge parts that had problems of fungus and condensation of moisture. The second one was “Humidity Measurement Approach for Building Materials.” A moisture analyzer was used to understand moisture on building materials. The third one was “Diagnostic Approach by Wiping” to determine the degree of fungus contamination on building materials. If they were seriously contaminated, the fourth stage, “Diagnostic Approach for Categorization Test,” was conducted, and samples were preserved in low temperatures and sent to a temperature and humidity chamber to be cultivated and to confirm fungus contamination quantity on building materials.

II. Growth of Fungus on Building Materials Directly Proportional to Humidity and Condensation of Moisture
Relativity analysis was conducted with the results of the experiment. It had been discovered that the humidity of over 70% on building materials was directly propor-tional to the concentration of fungus. The phenomenon of condensation of moisture was also in positive correlation with the concentration of fungus.

III.Types of Building Materials for Interior Design Vulnerable for Fungus Con-tamination
It had been discovered that porous materials such as plywood, cement board, cal-cium silicate board and gypsum board were vulnerable to moisture, and thus, fungus started to reproduce. In addition, building materials that contained rich nutrients for fungus such as coating, wallpaper glue and silicon were vulnerable to fungus contami-nation.
IV. Approaches to Improve Fungus on Building Materials for Interior Design
After determining the causes of fungus and its contamination degree on building materials by the non-destructive diagnostic approach for fungus on building materials, water leakage or condensation of moisture has to be improved first. Then, on the basis of fungus contamination degree on building materials, different approaches can be con-ducted to improve fungus. If it is preliminarily contaminated, wiping with a wet rag is acceptable. If it is moderately contaminated, it is required to wipe with a wet rag con-taining 5% of sodium hypochlorite, while if it is seriously contaminated, it is necessary to improve the problem by fungus inhibitor.

V. Water Repellent Not Fungus-Proof
Water repellent can only prevent building materials from contact with moisture, but it is not fungus-proof.

VI.Fungus Inhibitor-Added Silicon not Fungus-Proof and Might be Due to its Processing Method
It had been discovered that if fungus inhibitor was added to silicon at production stage, it was not fungus-proof due to its bad dispersal. However, if fungus inhibitor was added at the end of raw material, it had better fungus prevention effect. It is suggested that building materials of high viscosity should be added with fungus inhibitor before processing.


摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 v
目錄 vii
表目錄 x
圖目錄 xii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.1.1 研究動機 1
1.1.2 研究目的 2
1.2 研究範圍 3
1.3 研究方法與流程 4
1.3.1 研究方法 4
1.3.2研究流程 5
1.4 名詞解釋 6
第二章 室內裝修建材受黴菌污染相關文獻探討 7
2.1 黴菌定義與特性 7
2.1.1 黴菌定義與特性 7
2.1.2 臺灣室內環境黴菌存在之現況 7
2.1.3 黴菌的危害 8
2.2 國內外黴菌相關檢測方法 9
2.2.1 室內裝修建材黴菌濃度檢測方法 9
2.2.2 環境中微生物試驗方法 10
2.2.3 防黴建材試驗方法 11
2.3 國內外防黴建材相關管制策略 12
2.3.1 室內環境黴菌濃度管制基準 12
2.3.2 防黴建材相關管制策略 13
2.4 臺灣室內裝修建材受黴菌污染情形 15
2.4.1 臺灣常用之室內裝修建材 15
2.4.2 臺灣室內裝修建材受黴菌污染之相關研究 16
2.4.3 建材防黴相關技術 17
第三章 臺灣室內裝修建材黴菌濃度檢測案例調查 19
第四章 室內裝修建材黴菌診斷改善試驗方法 27
4.1 非破壞性建材黴菌診斷流程 27
4.1.1 外觀目視法 27
4.1.2 室內裝修建材水分量測方法 28
4.1.3 擦拭診斷法 31
4.1.4 黴菌濃度檢測法 32
4.2 室內裝修建材黴菌抵抗性試驗 34
4.2.1 第一階段建材黴菌抵抗性試驗方法 34
4.2.2 第二階段TAF實驗室建材黴菌抵抗性試驗方法 40
第五章 室內裝修建材黴菌控制改善策略 44
5.1 室內裝修建材黴菌污染診斷結果 44
5.1.1 結露現象 44
5.1.2 建材水份量測、擦拭診斷結果 46
5.1.3 黴菌濃度檢測結果 47
5.2 第一階段建材黴菌抵抗性試驗結果 51
5.2.1 乾式建材黴菌抵抗性試驗結果 51
5.2.2 濕式建材黴菌抵抗性試驗結果 58
5.3 第二階段TAF實驗室建材黴菌抵抗性試驗結果 60
5.4 室內裝修建材黴菌污染相關性因子分析 65
5.5 室內裝修建材黴菌診斷與改善方法 66
5.6 小結 69
第六章 研究結論與建議 70
6.1 研究結論 70
6.2 後續研究建議 71
參考文獻 73
附錄 75
附錄A 案例A三個月後追蹤試驗報告 75
附錄B 案例A六個月後追蹤試驗報告 77
附錄C 案例A二年半後追蹤試驗報告 79
附錄D 案例B三個月後追蹤試驗報告 81
附錄E 案例C三個月後追蹤試驗報告 83
附錄F 案例C二年半後追蹤試驗報告 85
附錄G 案例D六個月後追蹤試驗報告 87
附錄H 案例E六個月後追蹤試驗報告 89
附錄I SGS建材黴菌抵抗性試驗報告 91



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學位論文
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[15]莊國誌,臺灣室內環境中建材濕度診斷與改善方法之研究 ,國立臺北科技大學 建築與都市設計研究所,2009年。

研討會論文
[16]曾婷婷、邵文政,溫泉旅館室內空氣中黴菌濃度之調查研究,第一屆職業安全研討會,2011年。
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[20]Su, H.J., et al., Exposure assessment of indoor allergens, endotoxin, and airborne fungi for homes in southern Taiwan. Environ Res, 2001. 85(2): p. 135-44.
[21]Burge HA, Otten JA. Fungi. Bioaersols:assessment and control, Marcher MJ, ACGIH. 19:19-1-13, 1999
[22]Bornehag CG, Blomquist G, Gyntelberg F, Jarvholm B, Malmberg P, Nordvall L, Nielsen A, Pershagen G, Sundell J. Dampness in buildings and health. Indoor air. 11(2):72-86, 2001
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相關參考網站
[25]日水製薬株式会社 http://cosmokai.com/recommend/4


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