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研究生:彭寶樹
論文名稱:美國教育政策之研究─以歐巴馬《教育藍圖:經濟永續之路》為例
論文名稱(外文):A Study of American Education Policy:A Case of Education Blueprint: An Economy Built to Last Proposed by President Barack Obama
指導教授:吳清山吳清山引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北市立教育大學
系所名稱:教育行政與評鑑研究所教育行政碩士學位在職進修專班
學門:教育學門
學類:教育行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:203
中文關鍵詞:教育藍圖:經濟永續之路政策教育政策教育改革
外文關鍵詞:Education Blueprint: An Economic Built to Lasteducational policyeducational reform
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美國教育政策之研究─以歐巴馬《教育藍圖:經濟永續之路》為例
摘要
歐巴馬總統為解決席捲世界之經濟問題,其於2012年擘劃出經濟永續發展之藍圖,並提出「《教育藍圖:經濟永續之路》」,期望透過教育打造美國成為一個經濟永續發展之國家。他深信教育是經濟永續發展之基石,並認為連結經濟發展與教育改革強度之信念為一即是:確保學生在高中畢業時具備大學與就業準備度。本研究主要目的為分析「《教育藍圖:經濟永續之路》」發展之背景,進而探究政策重要內容,評估本政策對美國教育之影響,並歸納出「《教育藍圖:經濟永續之路》」對我國教育改革之啟示。
本研究主要透過半結構式訪談法,蒐集國內學者專家及教育行政實務工作者之想法,期能透過不同觀點,針對「《教育藍圖:經濟永續之路》」政策之重要內涵及實施情形進行評析,並依分析及討論得到以下研究結論:
一、歐巴馬政府「教育藍圖:經濟永續之路」之發展背景,主要希望藉由教育創造美國永續發展之經濟榮景。
二、美國歐巴馬政府「教育藍圖:經濟永續之路」教育政策主要藉由K-12教育改革奠定大學及就業準備度並強化高等教育投資以及學費合理化等重要內涵。
三、美國歐巴馬政府「教育藍圖:經濟永續之路」教育政策採用積極變通之行政作為遂行聯邦政策並展現績效
四、美國歐巴馬政府教育政策「教育藍圖:經濟永續之路」對我國教育改革之啟示:整合政府整體資源支持人才培育政策、善用競爭性經費以達教育改革之目的、強調以學生學習成效為中心的教育改革。
依據研究結果提出建議作為教育主管機關及未來研究之參考。

A Study of American Education Policy:A Case of Education Blueprint: An Economy Built to Last Proposed by President Barack Obama

Abstract

President Obama laid out a blueprint for an economy that’s built to last in 2012. He believed that education was the cornerstone of creating an American economy that is built to last. He proposed the "Education Blueprint: An economy built to last ", and thought that the link between the strength of American education and the strength of American economy was a simple one — ensuring that every student in America that graduates from high school is prepared for college and a successful career. Having a good education is central to rebuilding the American economy and securing a brighter future. The contents mainly discussed the background, strategies, and the results of “Education Blueprint: An Economy Built to Last”. Some suggestions will be proposed for educational reforms in Taiwan.
This Study is mainly based on a semi-structured interview method. The researcher interviewed experts and educational administrators to get more information. According to the analysis and results, there were several conclusions:

1. The background of "Education Blueprint: An economy built to last " is that the strength of the American economy is inextricably linked to the strength of the American educational system.

2. With the K-12 educational reform, every student in America graduates from high school is prepared for college and a successful career, and has access to higher education.

3. Adopted positive and alternative ways to carry out federal policy and show performance.

4. According to the " Education Blueprint: An economic built to last ", it gave us many inspirations, for example, integration of government's overall resources to support the policy of cultivating human resources, use of competitive funds to achieve the goals of educational reform, and emphasis on student learning achievement-
centered educational reform.

Finally, based on the conclusions, the study will come up with specific suggestions for the educational administrator for reference when creating policy.

目 次
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究待答問題 6
第三節 重要名詞釋義 7
第四節 研究方法與步驟 8
第五節 研究範圍與限制 15
第二章 歐巴馬政府教育政策背景分析 17
第一節 美國教育政策之發展與變遷 17
第二節 歐巴馬總統初期教育政策分析 31
第三章 歐巴馬政府教育政策《教育藍圖:經濟永續之路》之內涵 41
第一節 改革中小學(K-12)教育以強化所有學生的大學及就業準備度 41
第二節 高等教育就學與成功:確保美國經濟競爭力 60
第四章 歐巴馬政府教育政策《教育藍圖:經濟永續之路》之評析 85
第一節 教育藍圖:經濟永續之路政策分析 85
第二節 教育藍圖:經濟永續之路訪談結果分析與討論 113
第三節 教育藍圖:經濟永續之路對我國教育改革之啟示 136
第五章 結論與建議 147
第一節 結論 147
第二節 建議 153
參考文獻 163
壹、中文部分 163
貳、英文部分 167
附錄 177
附錄一 訪談大綱 177
附錄二 邁向巔峰審查評分標準 181
附錄三《別讓孩子落後法》彈性架構 185
附錄四 訪談紀錄示例(摘要) 186


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US Government Accountability Office(2011). Making a difference Retrieved from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-11-16/pdf/2011-29581.pdf
US Government Accountability Office(2012) Trade adjustment assistance: labor awarded community college grants in accordance with requirements, but needs to improve its process Retrieved from http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-12-954
White House(2010).Investing in Pell grants to make college affordable. Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/education/higher-education/investing-in-pell-grants-to-make-college-affordable
White House(2011a). Awards will help build statewide systems of high quality early education programs. Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/12/16/we-cant-wait-nine-states-awarded-race-top-early-learning-challenge-grant
White House(2011b). FACT SHEET: Repairing and modernizing America's schools. Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/09/13/fact-sheet-repairing-and-modernizing-americas-schools
White House(2012a). Education blueprint--An economy built to last Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/cantwait/final_-_education_blueprint_-_an_economy_built_to_last.pdf
White House(2012b). State of the Union Address “An America built to last” . Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/state-of-the-union-2012
White House(2012c). FACT SHEET: A blueprint to train two million workers for high-demand industries through a community college to career fund. Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2012/02/13/fact-sheet-blueprint-train-two-million-workers-high-demand-industries-th
White House(2012d).CelebratingsSuccess: 40 years of Pell grants. Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2012/06/23/celebrating-success-40- years-pell-grants
White House(2012e). FACT SHEET: President Obama’s blueprint for keeping college affordable and within reach for All Americans. Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2012/01/27/fact-sheet-president-obama-s-blueprint-keeping-college-affordable-and-wi
White House(2012f). Keeping student loan interest rates low Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/dont-double-my-rates

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