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研究生:林紀璿
研究生(外文):Chi-Hsuan Lin
論文名稱:國家多角化、區域多角化與經營績效之跨層次實證研究
論文名稱(外文):The Cross Levels Empirical Research of Country Diversification, Regional Diversification and Performance
指導教授:張紘炬張紘炬引用關係潘偉華潘偉華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Horng-Jinh ChangWei-Hwa Pan
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:企業管理系博士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:123
中文關鍵詞:國際多角化績效國家多角化依賴理論區域多角化〈依賴程度指標〉
外文關鍵詞:PerformanceDependency theoryCountry diversificationInternational diversificationRegional diversification(dependence index)
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跨國企業〈multinational corporations, MNCs〉在全球化環境下,競爭從國內延伸到海外,並隨著市場拓展與追求資源等因素之下,進行企業海外直接投資〈foreign direct investment, FDI〉。如何總結經驗,彙整知識,進而成為策略,以提高企業的績效,成為企業界與學術界的研究議題。
過去對國際多角化與績效的實證研究結果有較大的差異,這表明:國際多角化與績效之間的關係遠比一般想像的更為複雜,其關係受到許多被忽略的關鍵因素影響所導致。因此,本研究以回顧依賴經濟體的角度,探討國際多角化的新衡量方式,以及可能的內生性問題,將國際多角化的研究更貼近來自小型經濟體的MNCs現狀。
本研究以台灣MNCs作為國際多角化的研究樣本,且以縱橫資料迴歸〈panel regression〉進行國家多角化、區域多角化〈依賴程度指標〉之研究,其實證結果顯示,一個國家〈地區〉若以互利觀點高度集中投資於另一個特定的國家〈地區〉,這將創建一個如依賴理論所述的良性經濟體系,且MNCs高度集中於一個特定國家的FDI將創造傑出的績效。特別是MNCs在國家多角化過程中,企業競爭力的行銷能力、超額報酬指標對國家多角化之過程為正相關假說未獲得支持,應是地主國之制度或企業受保護主義影響形成之障礙所影響;上述因素將導致MNCs推動國家多角化徒勞無功。
Multinational corporations (MNCs) in the context of globalization, MNCs have to face competitions on the domestic front as well as from abroad. With factors such as market expansion and increased source of resource, MNCs can to focus FDI. How to sum up the experience, knowledge compiled and then become strategy to improve MNCs performance and become MNCs and academia research issues.
Previous performance and international diversification of empirical studies are quite different, suggesting that: international diversification and the relationship between the performance and international diversification is more complex than generally imagined, their relationship is ignored by many factors resulting key. Therefore, this study reviewed the angle dependent economies to discuss a new measure of international diversification, as well as the possible endogeneity problem, the international diversification of small economies closer to the MNCs from the status quo.
In this study, Taiwan MNCs as an international diversification study sample and panel regression to conduct country diversification, regional diversification (dependence index), in fact, evidence shows that a country (region) In terms of a high concentration of investments in mutual view another specific country (region), which will create a dependency theory described as benign economic system, and the MNCs highly concentrated in a particular country''s FDI will create an outstanding performance. Especially MNCs in the country diversification process, the competitiveness of enterprises marketing capabilities, the excess return index to the country in the process of diversification is a positive correlation hypothesis was not supported, the system should be the host country or business affected by the formation of protectionist barriers influence; these factors will lead to MNCs promote country diversification vain.
中文摘要 ----------------- i
英文摘要 ----------------- ii
誌謝 ------------------------- iii
目錄 ------------------------- iv
一、 緒論--------------------- 1
1.1 研究背景和動機--- 1
1.2 研究問題與目的--- 3
1.3 研究範圍--------- 6
1.4 研究流程--------- 7
二、 文獻回顧----------------- 9
2.1 依賴理論的源起----------- 9
2.2 依賴理論的演進及其對總體經濟發展的影響- 12
2.3 依賴理論及其對績效的影響- 15
2.4 多角化定義-------------- 20
2.5 國際多角化-------------- 24
2.6 績效-------------------- 27
2.7 國際多角化程度和績效之關係- 30
2.8 假說推導--------------- 39
三、 研究方法--------------- 46
3.1 研究實證流程與架構----- 46
3.2 兩階段最小平方法------- 48
3.3 內生性變數變數的定義與衡量- 50
3.4 調節變數的定義與衡量--- 51
3.5 控制變數的定義與衡量--- 52
3.6 解釋變數的定義與衡量--- 53
3.7 資料檢定與分析程序----- 57
四、 實證分析與結果--------- 60
4.1 縱橫資料檢定----------- 60
4.2 模式1~14實證分析------- 71
4.3 內生性檢定分析與模式數學推導- 77
4.4 模式15~17實證分析------- 84
4.5 研究假說檢定結果彙整---- 90
五、 結論與建議-------------- 91
5.1 研究結論---------------- 91
5.2 管理意涵---------------- 94
5.3 未來研究方向------------ 96
5.4 建議發展策略------------ 98
參考文獻 ---------------- 101
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