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研究生:潘盈君
研究生(外文):Ying-Chun Pan
論文名稱:以無尺度網路解釋政商界人物之成功因素
論文名稱(外文):Employing Scale-Free Network to Explain the Success of Political and Business Figures
指導教授:焦錦濮焦錦濮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ching-Pu Chiao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:應用外語系碩士班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:英文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:傑克‧威爾許生涯成功無尺度網路集散節點巴拉克‧歐巴馬
外文關鍵詞:Career successscale-free networkBarack ObamaJack Welchhub
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本研究運用拓樸學的概念,探討政商界人士的成功因素,研究對象為現任美國總統「巴拉克‧歐巴馬」及前任奇異總裁「傑克‧威爾許」。研究者挑選出研究對象人生中的大小事蹟,並且以「無尺度網路」的概念,連接這些點。微小事件連結數較少,為「節點」;重要事件連結數較多,為「集散節點」。資料收集範圍包含書籍、報章雜誌、影片及網路資訊。資料收集後,根據「紮根理論」進行分析。研究對象的人生事蹟按年代先後順序,個別記錄於備忘錄;其後並逐一配對每個事件,探討其相互關係:若任兩事件有因果關係,則在兩節點間,畫上連接線。研究者不斷重複檢視所有事件,直到在所有節點配對中找不到其它任何關連為止。最後的結果以「拓樸」結構呈現,其中,有些節點之連接數比其他節點多;這些連接數較多的節點即為「集散節點」,這些「集散節點」決定了研究對象的主要職涯方向。在研究對象的人生中,我們可以發現「集散節點」的影響甚大。
研究結果指出,在人的職涯當中,並不盡然由自己作出所有的決定,意外或偶發事件亦有可能促成重要的人生事件。本研究發現,若要在政商界成功,有兩種方式:公司內部升遷和外部晉升。在商業界想要爬到最高處,必須得到公司內部重要人士的賞識。這些重要人士就好比貴人,對職涯成功大有助益;然而,政治新星若想在政界坐上高位,必須得到大眾的支持。若能廣泛地引起大眾注意,將可為日後政治成功之路立下根基。大眾的力量可以讓一個政治新星跨過政界內部的晉升體系,直接攀上職涯的高峰。
The study is aimed to use the concepts of topology to explain the success of two political and business figures, the current US president Barack Obama and the former CEO of GE Jack Welch. The researcher singled out the minor and major incidents of their lives and used the concepts of scale-free networks to connect these dots. Minor points can be considered as nodes that connected few events and major points can be seen as hubs connected with many events. These data of these points, or events, were extracted from books, magazines, newspapers, videos and the information from the Internet. All of these data was processed based on grounded theory. Every event of the researched figures was listed on a memo card chronologically. The researcher then paired memo cards to examine their reciprocal relationships. If two events were related in a cause-and-effect way, they were graphically recorded and considered connected. This process was iterated with each pair of nodes until no further connections were found. The final result was a network, with some nodes connected much more than the others. These more connected nodes were called hubs which set the life directions of our research targets. These hubs placed important positive influences on the life of the research targets.
The result indicated that these hubs, or decisions, were not necessarily made by their own; sometimes these events were laid on them by accidents or from other contingent factors. The finding showed that, in our cases, there were two tracks to reach the top: promoted from within or selected from outside. In order to succeed on the first track, gaining supports from important persons within the organization was the key. These persons would set the hubs of one’s successful career. Nevertheless, to reach the top of one’s career from outside the system, gaining favors from the public was the key. The events that raised the attention from the public became the hubs that set the foundation of one’s career. The force of the public would bypass the system and sent one to the zenith of an organization.
CHINESE ABSTRACT i
ABSTRACT ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
List of Tables vii
List of Figures viii
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Statement of Problems 2
1.3 Study Purpose 3
1.4 Definition of Terms 4
1.4.1 Career Success 4
1.4.2 Grounded Theory 4
1.4.3 Scale-free Network 4
1.5 Significance of the Study 5
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 Career Success 6
2.2 Grounded Theory 7
2.2.1 Definition and Introduction of Grounded Theory 7
2.2.2 Research Process of Grounded Theory 8
2.3 Scale-Free Networks 9
2.3.1 Definition of Scale-Free Networks 9
2.3.2 Characteristics of Scale-Free Networks 10
2.3.3 Applications of Scale-Free Networks 11
CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY 13
3.1 Research Design 13
3.2 Research Figures 14
3.3 Instruments 15
3.4 Data Collection 16
3.5 Data Analysis 18
CHAPTER FOUR ANALYSIS AND RESULTS 23
4.1 Analysis and Results of Barack Obama 23
4.1.1 Obama''s Childhood 23
4.1.2 The School Life of Obama 26
4.1.3 Obama''s Life after Graduating from University 32
4.1.4 Obama''s Political Road 41
4.2 Analysis and Results of Jack Welch 50
4.2.1 Welch''s Schooling Life 50
4.2.2 Welch''s Career Life in GE 54
4.2.3 Welch as the Chairman and CEO of GE 64
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION 72
5.1 Summary 72
5.2 Discussion and Implications 73
5.3 Limitations 75
5.4 Suggestions for Future Study 75
5.5 Conclusion 77
References 79
English References 79
Chinese References 89
Appendix A Relationships among Every Event in Barack Obama''s Life 90
Appendix B Relationships among Every Event in Jack Welch''s Life 92
English References

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