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研究生:曾亞潔
研究生(外文):Ya-chieh Tseng
論文名稱:不同排放源對台灣細懸浮微粒及其組成份影響之模擬研究
論文名稱(外文):A modeling study on the influence of various emission sources on PM2.5 and it''s compounds in Taiwan
指導教授:張艮輝張艮輝引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ken-hui Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立雲林科技大學
系所名稱:環境與安全衛生工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:491
中文關鍵詞:空氣品質模式(CMAQ)PM2.5排放源
外文關鍵詞:emissiomPM2.5CMAQ
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台灣近十年來經濟與工業的快速發展,能源消耗持續增加,使得工業、交通與人口所造成的各種空氣污染問題日益嚴重。污染物質不僅對排放源當地空氣品質造成影響,氣候與污染物質相互影響,竟而影響其他地區的空氣品質。
2012年5月已將PM2.5納入空氣品質標準,PM2.5法規日均值標準為 35 μg/m3、年均值為15 μg/m3。根據環保署統計,2012年全台空品區測站 PM2.5 年平均值28.8 μg/m3與2011年平均值31.8 μg/m3 相較下,濃度變化顯見略微下降,但仍清楚顯示要達到法規值15 μg/m3仍有努力空間。為了有效改善PM2.5空氣品質濃度,需要研擬適當排放控制策略,因此評估PM2.5濃度以台灣人為源、台灣生物源、S工業區、台灣高速公路、台灣電廠、台灣人為源各前驅物排放之貢獻情況下,做為研擬參考。本研究不同排放源年平均中台灣人為源排放佔基準案例PM2.5年平均濃度20 μg/m3的67%,而東亞境外傳輸濃為43%,台灣生物源影響最低。將其影響比例加總後,卻大於基準案例,是由於東亞境外傳輸之影響比例為直接對台灣之影響,可能在台灣的排放源中重複計算到東亞間接之影響,而造成在計算超高基準案例。而在台灣不同人為源排放影響比例中,高速公路影響最高(4.7%),其次為電廠(3.5%),最低為S工業。在台灣人為源各前驅物影響比例中,原生性PM影響比例最高(48%),其次為NH3(21%),最低為VOC。
Over the past decade, economy and industry developed rapidly in Taiwan. Increasing energy consumption makes the air pollution problem even more serious due to the industrial development, transportation and growing population. Pollutants affect more than just local air quality. It also brings impact on climate and thus affects air quality in other regions.
In May, 2012, PM2.5 has been brought into the air quality standards. The standards of PM2.5 are 35 μg/m3 per day, and 15 μg/m3 per year. According to EPA statistics, Taiwan''s air quality district station went from 31.8 μg/m3 in 2011 to 28.8 μg/m3 in 2012. Even though it is slightly decreasing, there are still much room for improvement comparing to the 15 μg/m3 standard.In order to improve the concentration of PM2.5 air quality effectively and build up appropriate emission control strategy, PM2.5 concentration of Taiwan''s anthropogenic sources、Taiwan''s biological sources, S Industrial、Taiwan''s highways、Taiwan''s power plants、Taiwan''s precursor emissions from anthropogenic sources of each contribution cases develop are used as reference. In this study, Human in Taiwan has the highest annual average of 67% among various types of emission sources. The next is transportation outside East Asia (43%), and the lowest one is Taiwan’s biological sources. However, the sum of total number is higher than the base case. This is due to the impact of the transportation outside East Asian is a direct impact but calculates repeatedly as an indirect impact. Therefore results the sum higher than base case. In the research of human impact in Taiwan, highway (4.7%) has the highest proportion; power plants come as the second place (3.5%), and the lowest one is the S industry. Also, in the proportion of the precedent of human impact ratio, the proportion comes as primary PM effects (48%), NH3 (21%), and VOC was the lowest.
中文摘要
ABSTRACT
誌謝
目錄
表目錄
圖目錄
第一章 前言
1.1研究緣起
1.2研究目的
第二章 文獻回顧
2.1大氣懸浮微粒之來源與組成
2.2揮發性有機物之來源
2.3交通對懸浮微粒之研究影響
2.4電廠對懸浮微粒之研究影響
2.5生物源對懸浮微粒之研究影響
第三章 研究方法
3.1研究流程
3.2模式模擬說明
3.2.1模擬範圍
3.2.2模擬時間之選擇
3.2.3排放量說明
3.2.3.1人為源排放量
3.2.3.2生物源排放量
3.2.4氣象資料
3.2.5邊界及初始條件
3.2.6後處理不同計算方式之差異分析
3.2.7 空氣品質模式模擬驗證
3.3不同排放類別對台灣空氣品質之影響
第四章 結果與討論
4.1基準案例模式模擬驗證分析
4.2 PMX與PMI+J之差異分析-以東亞排放對台灣PM濃度之影響分析為例
4.3台灣人為源與生物源排放對台灣空氣品質之影響
4.3.1 台灣人為源排放對台灣空氣品質之影響
4.3.2 台灣生物源排放對台灣空氣品質之影響
4.4台灣不同人為源排放對台灣空氣品質之影響
4.4.1 S工業區對台灣各污染物之影響分析
4.4.1.1 S工業區基準排放對各污染物之影響
4.4.1.2 S工業區4期環評排放對各污染物之影響
4.4.1.3 S工業區綜合討論
4.4.2 台灣高速公路排放對台灣各污染物之影響分析
4.4.3台灣電廠排放對台灣各污染物之影響分析
4.5台灣人為源各前驅物排放對空氣品質之影響
4.6 綜合比較分析
第五章 結論與建議
5.1結論
5.2 建議
參考文獻
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