跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.200.169.3) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/12/04 20:49
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:陳怡桓
研究生(外文):Yi-Huan Chen
論文名稱(外文):Complexity and Sense of Disorder
指導教授:潘瑋潘瑋引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wei Pan
口試委員:潘瑋李進榮陳建易
口試委員(外文):Wei Pan
口試日期:2014-06-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:物理學系暨研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:物理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:35
中文關鍵詞:心理物理學
外文關鍵詞:psychophysicsentropyinformationcomplexitycomplexity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:135
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:1
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
摘要
本研究屬於心理物理學的範疇,透過長寬為10×10的黑白雙色圖卡(chessboard)測量人對主觀無序性 (Subjec-tive Disorder,SD)的認知,並運用資訊熵(Information En-tropy,SI)來描述圖卡的實驗結果,發現大多數的圖卡都符合。不符合Information Entropy的部分,用SD與黑色格子佔整張圖卡的比例,定性、定量的描述。透過圖卡的實驗中在語言學上找到了黑色與髒亂的近似義字在物理上的連結。並運在圖卡實驗結果,找到破窗效應在物理的解釋。

Abstract
This thesis is relative to psychophysics, though the chessboards with 10X10 in size; we can measure people’s subjective disorder (SD) about the chessboards.
We can fit the result with information entropy successfully in most of the chessboards. The remains chessboards which cannot fit information entropy, we can apply the concept of complexity to describe how the chessboards got the SDs. We also find the relation between words which are familiar to another word in physics. Last, We get a way to explain broken windows theory.

目錄
一、 前言: 6
二、 基礎知識 10
2-1破窗效應: 10
2-2Complexity的相關研究:: 12
2-3研究方法: 13
2-4資訊熵SI(Information Entropy) 14
2-5SD(Subjective disorder) 15
2-6實驗流程 15
三、實驗結果與分析 16
3-1數據處理 16
3-2圖卡對照表格與實驗統計結果 16
四、討論 27
4-1圖卡分析 27
4-2語言上的近似義字 29
4-3破窗效應的物理解釋 29
五、結論 30
Refence 32





Reference

[1]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_(information_theory)

[2] C. E. Shannon: A mathematical theory of communication. Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 27, pp. 379–423 and 623–656 (1948).

[3] R. Falk and C. Konold, “Making sense of randomness: Implicit encoding as a basis for judgment”, Psychological Review, 104, 301-318 (1997).

[4] J. Q. Wilson, G. L. Kelling, “Broken windows,” Atl. Mon. (March 1982), p. 29.

[5] Keizer, K., Lindenberg, S. &Steg, L. (2008). The spreading of disorder. Science, 322, 1681–1685. doi:10.1126/science.1161405

[6]An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications - Feller - 1971

[7]Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases - Tversky, Kahneman - 1974

[8]Nonparametric statistics for the behavioral sciences, second edition (New York: McGraw-Hill - Siegel, Castellan - 1988

[9]Three approaches to the quantitive definition of information - Kolmogorov - 1965

[10]The definition of random sequences - Martin-Löf - 1966

[11]Subjective probability: A judgment of representativeness - Kahneman, Tversky - 1972

[12]Belief in the law of small numbers - Tversky, Kahneman - 1971

[13]How to make cognitive illusions disappear: Beyond 'heuristics and biases - Gigerenzer - 1991

[14]The hothand in basketball: On the misperception of random sequences - Gilovich, Vallone, et al. - 1985
[15]Stimulus information as a determinant of reaction time - Hyman - 1953
Real Patterns - Dennett - 1991
[16]Randomness and mathematical proof - Chaitin - 1975
[17]Reconciling simplicity and likelihood principles in perceptual organization - Chater - 1996

[18]Theories of probability: an examination of foundations - Fine - 1973

[19]Generation of random sequences by human subjects: A critical survey of literature - Wagenaar - 1972

[20]The Origin of the Idea of Chance in Children - Piaget, Inhelder - 1975

[21]Complexity and the representation of patterned sequences of symbols - Simon - 1972

[22]quark and the Jaguar. Adventures in the simple and the complex - Gell-Mann - 1994

[23]Through a narrow window: Working memory capacity and the detection of covariation - Kareev - 1995

[24]The perception of randomness - Bar-Hillel, Wagenaar - 1991

[25]Probability learning and a negative recency effect in a serial anticipation of alternative symbols - Jarvik - 1951

[26]A gene complex controlling segmentation in Drosophila - Lewis - 1978

[27]Generation of random series in two-person strictly competitive games - Rapoport, Budescu - 1992

[28]Good patterns have few alternatives - Garner - 1970

[29]Distinguishing between random and nonrandom events - Lopes, Oden - 1987

[30]Applications of Information Theory to Psychology: A summary of basic concepts - Attneave - 1959

[31]Doing the impossible: A note on induction and the experience of randomness - Lopes - 1982

[32]A mathematician reads the newspaper - Paulos - 1995

[33]The "hot hand": Statistical reality or cognitive illusion? Chance: New Directions for Statistics and - Tversky, Gilovich - 1989

[34]Positive bias in the perception of covariation - Kareev - 1995

[35]Can people behave “randomly”? The role of feedback - Neuringer - 1986

[36]How random is a coin toss - Ford - 1983

[37]The perception of randomness - Falk - 1981

[38]Not that bad after all: Generation of random sequences - Kareev - 1992

[39]Response preferences: A review of some relevant literature - Tune - 1964

[40]Prediction of sequential two-choice decisions from event runs - Nicks - 1959

[41]A Markov model for generation of random binary sequences - Budescu - 1987

[42]A coded element model of the perceptual processing of sequential stimuli - Vitz, Todd - 1969

[43]Chance and luck are not the same - Wagenaar, Keren - 1988

[44]July-August). What is random - Kac - 1983

[45]Randomness in arithmetic - Chaitin - 1988

[46]Apparent randomness is not always the complement of apparent order - Kubovy, Gilden - 1991

[47]Psychological conceptions of randomness - Ayton, Hunt, et al. - 1989

[48](1931 ). A Gestalt completion test: A study of a cross section of intellect - Street

[49]Perception of the statistical structure of a random series of binary symbols - Hake, Hyman - 1953

[50]Patterned predictions of chance events by children and adults - Ross, Levy - 1958

[51]Subjective randomization in one- and two-person games - Budescu, Rapoport - 1994

[52]The representational and the presentational: An essay on cognition and the study of mind - Shanon - 1993

[53]A formal theory of inductive inference - Solomonov - 1964

[54]Subjective randomness and the capacity to generate information - Wagenaar - 1970

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top