# 臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

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 摘要本研究屬於心理物理學的範疇，透過長寬為10×10的黑白雙色圖卡(chessboard)測量人對主觀無序性 (Subjec-tive Disorder,SD)的認知，並運用資訊熵(Information En-tropy,SI)來描述圖卡的實驗結果，發現大多數的圖卡都符合。不符合Information Entropy的部分，用SD與黑色格子佔整張圖卡的比例，定性、定量的描述。透過圖卡的實驗中在語言學上找到了黑色與髒亂的近似義字在物理上的連結。並運在圖卡實驗結果，找到破窗效應在物理的解釋。
 AbstractThis thesis is relative to psychophysics, though the chessboards with 10X10 in size; we can measure people’s subjective disorder (SD) about the chessboards. We can fit the result with information entropy successfully in most of the chessboards. The remains chessboards which cannot fit information entropy, we can apply the concept of complexity to describe how the chessboards got the SDs. We also find the relation between words which are familiar to another word in physics. Last, We get a way to explain broken windows theory.
 目錄一、 前言: 6二、 基礎知識 102-1破窗效應： 102-2Complexity的相關研究:: 122-3研究方法: 132-4資訊熵SI(Information Entropy) 142-5SD(Subjective disorder) 152-6實驗流程 15三、實驗結果與分析 163-1數據處理 163-2圖卡對照表格與實驗統計結果 16四、討論 274-1圖卡分析 274-2語言上的近似義字 294-3破窗效應的物理解釋 29五、結論 30Refence 32
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