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研究生:林柏凱
研究生(外文):Po-Kai Lin
論文名稱:利用微控制器調變脈衝寬度對儲能電池充電特性之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Charging Characteristic of the Energy Storage Battery by Using Microcontroller to Alter the Pulse Width
指導教授:王欽戊
指導教授(外文):Ching-Wu Wang
口試委員:周卓煇陳英忠藍文厚
口試委員(外文):Juo-Huei JouYing-Chung ChenWen-Hou Lan
口試日期:2014-07-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:光機電整合工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:電池管理、直流轉換器脈衝寬度調變
外文關鍵詞:Battery ManagementDC ConverterPulse Width Modulation
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本研究之主要目的為完成『微控器調變脈衝寬度對儲能電池充電』的研製,此系統是包含降壓轉換電路、脈衝寬度調變電路與Boston電池;其主要目的是根據充電中的電池容量來改變充電形式,使電池不因充電過度而縮短了電池的壽命。本系統採用降壓型直流對直流轉換器並使用Arduino UNO微控制器所產生之PWM訊號與光耦合PC923 IC增強脈衝電壓,達到系統的充電控制。最後,本研究藉由修改微控制器之程式碼可調整PWM訊號週期來對電池進行分段充電管理。
The main purpose of this study is completed, "Alter the Pulse Width charging to battery for energy storage by using Microcontroller," this system comprises a buck converter circuit, a pulse width modulation circuit and the battery of Boston; the main purpose of it is change the charging form according to the battery capacity in order to prevent overcharging the battery to shorten the battery life, the system uses a step-down DC to DC converter, and use the PWM signal conducted by microcontroller of Arduino UNO and enhanced pulse voltage by photocoupler IC of PC923, reaches the charge control of system. Finally, this study use the modify code by the microcontroller to alter PWM signal cycle for the battery charge piecewise management.
CONTENTS

Abstract (in Chinese)...III
Abstract (in English)...IV
Acknowledgement.........V
Figure Caption..........VI
Table Caption...........VIII
Contents................IX


Chapter 1 Introduction..1
1.1 Background..........1
1.2 Motivation..........2
1.3 Organization of this thesis...4


Chapter 2 Introduce Boston battery characteristics and charging method.......5
2.1 Basic characteristics of Boston battery..................................5
2.2 Charging method..........................................................11


Chapter 3 Introduction of DC to DC converter.................................13
3.1 Buck DC to DC converter..................................................13
3.2 Boost DC to DC converter.................................................15


Chapter 4 System architecture and components of the circuit...................18
4.1 Circuit structure analysis……..............................................18
4.2 Introduction and analysis system..........................................18
4.2.1 Arduino UNO Generated Pulse Width Modulation............................18
4.2.2 PC923 Photocoupler Amplifi Signal.......................................19
4.2.3 DC to DC converter design...............................................20

Chapter 5 Experimental Procedure and Results..................................23
5.1 Arduino UNO ATMEGA328 IC regulated PWM duty cycle.........................23
5.1.1 The experimental results................................................24
5.2 The optimum output waveform design of PC923 IC............................26
5.2.1 The experimental results................................................26
5.3 Boston battery charging by buck converter.................................27
5.3.1 The experimental results................................................28


Chapter 6 Conclusions and Future work.........................................32
6.1 Conclusions...............................................................32
6.2 Future work...............................................................33

Reference.......34
Figures.........40
Tables..........56
Biography.......64
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