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研究生:陳韋丞
研究生(外文):Wei-Cheng Chen
論文名稱:及時生產環境下製造商與零售商之協同合作
論文名稱(外文):Manufacturers and retailer partnership under JIT environment
指導教授:黃惠民黃惠民引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hui-Ming Wee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:工業工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:損耗性產品協同策略供應鏈管理及時生產系統
外文關鍵詞:Deteriorating productJITSupply chain managementCollaborative strategies
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面臨全球化的競爭下,半導體產業、生鮮超市與食品業等具有損耗性產品的行業別逐漸受到重視,因此企業與企業間的供應鏈管理扮演著能否獲得利潤的關鍵角色,不只需要宏觀的控制每一環節的存貨成本且需滿足高度動盪的市場需求;生產單一產品的企業亦無法滿足瞬息萬變的市場需求,因此企業增加產品數的種類不僅可跳脫上述困境亦可提高生產力、因資源共享後可降低平均生產成本、達到多角化的經營、營運範疇擴大與有效的統一管理。
本研究範圍為多原物料供應商、多零售商與多損耗性產品,探討協同策略中經濟訂購量、經濟生產量與及時生產,三者模式各自的出貨策略與最小成本,並透過不同數量原物料供應商、零售商與損耗性產品,進行敏感度分析,使企業有所依據進行營運決策。





Facing the global competition, the deteriorating product industry such as semiconductor industry, food industry, supermarkets and other have increased attention. Therefore, supply chain management in the enterprise and between enterprises play a key role in the availability of profits. It means that enterprises should not pay attention only to control every aspect in the cost of inventories but also consider to highly fluctuating market demand. Therefore, the entreprise increase their type of products to escape the difficulties for increasing productivity due to resource sharing. It will affect to average cost production, to diversify the business, operation and effectively expand integrated management.
The scope of the study is raw material suppliers, retailers and multi -loss products, explore collaborative strategies in economic order quantity, and timeliness of economic production volume production. Each of the three modes of delivery strategies with minimum cost and quantity of raw materials through various suppliers, retailers and loss of product. Sensitivity analysis uses to enable enterprises to have a basis for operational decisions.





目錄
摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的與範圍 2
1.3研究方法 3
1.4論文章節概要與架構 4
第二章 文獻探討 6
2.1損耗性產品存貨模式相關文獻 6
2.2 經濟訂購批量模式/經濟生產批量模式 10
2.3 供應鏈管理相關文獻 13
2.4 及時生產系統(Just in time)相關文獻 14
2.5 文獻整理 16
第三章 比較多階多產品的經濟生產批量模式與經濟訂購量模式 18
3.1模式假設之說明 19
3.2模式符號說明 20
3.3問題描述 21
3.4 以製造商主導整體供應鏈模式推導 23
3.5以零售商為主導整體供應鏈模式推導 26
3.6模式求解 28
3.7數值範例說明 31
3.8 敏感度分析 34
3.8.1 以製造商為主導策略平均出貨量之敏感度分析 35
3.8.2以製造商為主導策略最小成本之敏感度分析 38
3.8.3 以製造商為主導策略原物料供應商、產品數、零售商之敏感度分析 41
3.8.4以製造商為主導策略最小成本之敏感度分析 43
3.8.5以零售商為主導策略平均出貨量Q之敏感度分析 46
3.8.6以零售商為主導策略最小成本之敏感度分析 49
3.9本章節論 52
第四章 考慮及時生產模式 53
4.1 模式之基本假設條件。 53
4.2 模式符號說明與定義: 54
4.3 及時生產系統模式推導 55
4.4 模式求解 56
4.5 數值範例 58
4.6及時生產系統(Just in time)策略平均出貨量Q之敏感度分析 60
4.7及時生產系統(Just in time)策略最小成本之敏感度分析 64
4.8本章結論 67
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 68
5.1結論 68
5.2研究貢獻 71
5.2未來研究方向 72
參考文獻. 73

圖目錄
圖1. 1本論文之研究流程圖 5
圖2. 1損耗性產品分類圖 7
圖2. 2經濟生產批量模式 10
圖3. 1整體供應鏈流程圖 18
圖3. 2 本研究模式存貨成本 22
圖3. 3模式求解的邏輯演算程序 30
圖3. 4範例中F與Q對Total cost之圖形 33
圖3. 5相關參數對平均出貨量Q的敏感度變異圖 36
圖3. 6相關參數對最小成本Total cost 的敏感度變異圖 39
圖3. 7相關參數對平均出貨量Q的敏感度變異圖 42
圖3. 8各項參數對最小成本 之敏感度分析變異層度 44
圖3. 9各項參數對平均出貨量大小Q之敏感度分析變異層度 47
圖3. 10各項參數對最小成本 之敏感度分析變異層度 50
圖4. 1各項參數對平均出貨量大小Q之敏感度分析變異層度 62
圖4. 2各項參數對最小成本 之敏感度分析變異層度 66

表目錄
表2. 1產品損耗類別解析 7
表2. 2損耗性產品相關文獻整理 7
表2. 3 EOQ/EPQ相關文獻整理 11
表2. 4供應鏈管理相關文獻 13
表2. 5及時生產系統相關文獻 14
表2. 6本研究之相關文獻整理 16
表3. 1模式符號說明 20
表3. 2數值分析相關參數表 31
表3. 3實例數據比較表 32
表3. 4最佳解求解之充分條件 33
表3. 5各項參數數值之幅度變化表 34
表3. 6各參數對平均出貨量Q之敏感度分析變化量 35
表3. 7各參數對平均出貨量Q之敏感度分析之變異表 36
表3. 8各參數對最小成本Total cost之敏感度分析變化量 38
表3. 9各參數對最小成本Total cost之敏感度分析變異表 39
表3. 10原物料供應商、產品數、零售商變化量 41
表3. 11原物料供應商、產品數、零售商平均出貨量Q之敏感度分析之變異表 41
表3. 12各項參數對最小成本之變化量 43
表3. 13各項參數對最小成本 之敏感度分析變異 43
表3. 14平均出貨量之變化量 46
表3. 15各項參數對平均出貨量Q之敏感度分析變異 47
表3. 16最小成本之變化量 49
表3. 17各項參數對最小成本 之敏感度分析變異 50
表4. 1模式符號說明 54
表4. 2數值分析相關參數數值表 58
表4. 3實際數據 59
表4. 4平均出貨量之變化量 60
表4. 5各項參數對平均出貨量Q之敏感度分析變異 61
表4. 6最小成本之變化量 64
表4. 7各項參數對最小成本 之敏感度分析變異 65
表5. 1三模式的平均出貨量之相關參數 68
表5. 2三模式之最小成本之相關參數 69

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