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研究生:林穎沛
研究生(外文):Ying-Pei Lin
論文名稱:在逆向物流環境下結合採購與再製造系統之供應規劃模型
論文名稱(外文):A supply planning model combining remanufacturing and purchasing system in a reverse logistics environment.
指導教授:邱裕方邱裕方引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-fang Chiu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:工業與系統工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:再製造逆物流不確定性
外文關鍵詞:remanufacturingreverse logisticsuncertainty
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近幾年隨著環保意識抬頭,人們對有限的自然資源以及對環境的不斷關懷,已經有愈來愈多的國家建立了產品回收等相關法令,使得企業也開始朝向綠色生產、綠色設計、再製造與資源回收再利用等方向發展。逆向物流與正向供應鏈最大的差別在於回收品的品質、數量無法確定,然而企業從事回收作業時必須要投入成本,在固定的成本支出和不確定的回收效益之間如果不能達到預期的效益,不如降低整體的成本。所以在永續經營的前提下,當企業執行逆向物流時必須受到法律的規範和不確定因素等因素限制外,又要獲得經濟效益是一件困難且重要的任務。因此本研究期望幫助製造商對再製造的過程進行規劃並在不影響其核心競爭力的情況下大幅縮減再製造成本,讓製造商了解在製造產品前要向原物料商購買所需原物料之數量,透過再製造回收回來的產品及新購買的原物料,以滿足製造商所面對之產品需求。在考量再使用率後,雖然在成本方面有些許的增加,但其製造出來的產品,在品質會有所提升另外產品之風險也會降低,在實質上對企業是有所幫助的。

Recently, due to the rising of environmental awareness, people will care more about the limited natural resource and the environment. Many countries have established product recovery and other related laws. It enforces many companies to develop green production, green design, remanufacturing and resource recycling. The biggest difference between reverse logistics and supply chain is in the uncertainty of quality and quantity of recyclable items.
However, companies must invest in recovery operations. Because, if they cannot achieve the expected benefits beyond fixed costs and uncertain benefits of recycling, they will have to reduce overall costs. So, under the premise of sustainable development, when performing reverse logistics, companies should not only be subjected to legal specification and uncertain factors, but also obtain economic benefits. Thus, this is a difficult, yet an important task.
This study expects to help manufacturers plan and reduce remanufacturing costs by knowing the amount of raw materials and the amount of recycled product through remanufacturing process needed before they start manufacturing process. After considering the reusability of products, although the cost will increase a little bit, the quality of the products will also increase and that will reduce the failure risk of the product.


目錄
AbstractI
摘要II
誌謝III
目錄IV
圖目錄VI
表目錄VII
1.2 研究目的2
1.3研究流程3
1.4研究架構4
第二章 文獻探討6
2.1供應鏈管理6
2.2 逆向物流9
2.3閉迴路供應鏈13
2.4 不確定性15
2.5再製造17
2.6再製造系統18
2.7小結22
第三章 研究方法24
3.1研究問題24
3.2研究架構25
3.3 研究假設26
3.4模式建構26
3.4.1 符號說明27
3.4.2 模型建構與說明28
3.5研究設計30
3.6問題驗證流程31
3.6.1 求解流程32
3.6.2 參數形式34
第四章 模式驗證與分析37
4.1 數值範例37
4.1.1模式考量不同拆解產品數量 之情況45
4.1.2模式考量不同拆解出零件數量 之情況46
第五章 結論與未來研究48
5.1結論 48
5.2未來研究49
參考文獻 50


圖目錄
圖1.1 研究架構圖5
圖2.1 逆向物流示意圖11
圖3.1 研究架構圖(KIM ET AL. (2006)與本研究整理)26
圖3-2 模試驗證流程圖31
圖4.1 分支界限法結果圖42





表目錄
表2.1 變數表19
表2.2 參數表19
表3.1 變數表27
表3.2 參數表27
表4.1 範例參數表37
表4.2 基本範例38
表4.3 初始變數值40
表4.4產品回收量 42
表4.5零件需求數 43
表4.6每個零件在產品上之數量 43
表4.7翻新零件數 43
表4.8新零件購買數量 44
表4.9委託外包商處理產品數 44
表4.10處理廠處理零件數 44
表4.11翻新零件數 45
表4.12新零件購買數量 45
表4.13委託外包商處理產品數 45
表4.14翻新零件數 46
表4.15新零件購買數量 46
表4.16處理廠處理零件數 46

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