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研究生:何瑞芬
研究生(外文):Jui-Fen Ho
論文名稱:青少年同理心與親子關係滿意度:感恩的中介效果
論文名稱(外文):Adolescent Empathy and Parent-child Relationship Satisfaction: The Mediating Effect of Gratitude
指導教授:李怡真李怡真引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-Chen Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:親子關係滿意度同理心感恩
外文關鍵詞:Parent-child Relationship SatisfactionGratitudeEmpathy
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:14
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
親子關係為青少年最重要的社會關係,過去曾有研究指出同理心訓練對親子關係適應的影響,但在時代變化快速的今日,仍有檢驗兩者關係穩定性之必要。然而,具有同理心為何可提升親子關係滿意度?研究者整理感恩相關研究發現,感恩對於關係維持與促進的重要性。青少年在同理的過程中,辨識出他人對自己的貢獻,將所得恩惠歸因於他人的付出,進而產生感恩,提升親子關係滿意度。據此研究者假設感恩在青少年同理心與親子關係滿意度之間具有中介效果。本研究採問卷調查法,參與者為212位新北市某高中及某高級職業學校學生,依序填寫親子關係滿意度量表、感恩心量表、人際反應指標及社會讚許量表。本研究除了以相關分析檢視同理心、感恩心與親子關係滿意度之間的關係,並進一步以多元迴歸分析感恩心與同理心對親子關係滿意度的影響效果。相關分析的結果顯示,同理心與親子關係滿意度之間、同理心與感恩心及感恩心與親子關係滿意度皆具有顯著的正相關。此外,在同理心與感恩心對親子關係滿意度效果的檢驗中發現,感恩心對同理心與親子關係滿意度之間具中介效果,也就是說同理心對親子關係滿意度的影響是透過感恩心影響親子關係滿意度。本研究結果支持感恩心在同理心與親子關係滿意度之間所扮演的中介作用,可以作為提升親子關係滿意度的重要參考。


Parent-child relationship is one of the most important social relationships among adolescent. Past research had showed that empathy training was related to parent-child relationship adjustment. However, how empathy improves the parent-child relationship satisfaction has never been investigated. We hypothesized that gratitude mediates the relationship between empathy and parent-child relationship. To test the possibility, 212 senior high school students completed the questionnaire that measure parent-child relationship satisfaction, gratitude, empathy and social desirability. The result showed that empathy, gratitude and parent-child relationship are positively correlated. In addition, the results of multiple regression showed that gratitude mediates the relationship between empathy and parent-child relationship. This finding support that gratitude play a crucial role in the relationship between empathy and parent-child relationship.


摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻探討 3
第一節 青少年的親子關係 3
壹、親子關係的概念與測量 3
貳、青少年的親子關係與相關研究 4
第二節 同理心 7
壹、同理心的概念與測量 7
貳、同理心與親子關係之相關研究 7
第三節 青少年感恩 10
壹、感恩的概念與測量 10
貳、感恩與親子關係的相關研究 13
參、感恩、同理心與親子關係的相關研究 15
第三章 研究方法 19
第一節 研究假設與架構 19
第二節 研究程序與研究對象 20
第三節 研究工具 21
第四章 研究結果 25
第一節 描述性統計與相依樣本檢定 25
第二節 相關分析 27
第三節 人口學變項在研究變項之平均數差異檢定 29
第四節 中介效果檢驗 31
第五章 討論與建議 42
第一節 同理心與感恩對親子關係滿意度的影響 42
第二節 研究貢獻與應用 45
第三節 研究限制與建議 48
參考文獻 49
附錄一-問卷 59
附錄二 同理心與感恩心分量表預測親子關係滿意度之迴歸分析摘要表 64
附錄三 SPSS Macro Input and Output………………………………………… 65

圖2-1同理心與感恩對親子關係滿意度的影響 16
圖2-2感恩與同理心對親子關係滿意度的影響 17
圖3-1青少年的同理心與親子關係滿意度:感恩的中介效果架構圖………… 19
圖4-1中介變項路徑分析圖………………………………………………………….31
圖4-2中介變項路徑分析結果示意圖……………………….......39
表3-1研究參與者基本資料 20
表3-2同理心量表(人際反應指標)各構念與題目分配 22
表3-3青少年感恩心量表各分量尺與題項 23
表4-1研究變項之描述性統計分析表 26
表4-2父子與母子關係滿意度之差異檢定 …..…………………………………... 26
表4-3研究變項之相關分析 ……………………..……………………....………….28
表4-4性別在各研究變項的差異分析……………………………………………….29
表4-5家庭狀況在各研究變項的差異分析……………………………………….....30
表4-6同理心預測感恩心之迴歸分析摘要表……………………………………… 33
表4-7感恩心預測親子關係滿意度之迴歸分析摘要表………………………….....34
表4-8同理心預測親子關係滿意度之迴歸分析摘要表……………………………36
表4-9同理心與感恩心預測親子關係滿意度之迴歸分析摘要表 ………………...38
表4-10以拔靴法檢驗感恩心之中介效果之結果摘要表 …………………………41

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