(3.238.249.17) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/12 11:25
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:何宗年
研究生(外文):TEUNG-NIAN HO
論文名稱:積體電路載板產業競合關係之研究-以U電子公司為例
論文名稱(外文):A Research on Business Coopetition Relationships of Integrated CircuitSubstrate Industry – U Technology Corporation as an Example
指導教授:嚴奇峰嚴奇峰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Heitmann G.F. Yen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:126
中文關鍵詞:積體電路載板產業、產業價值鏈、價值網、競合策略、三位體分析
外文關鍵詞:Integrated Circuit Substrate Industry; Industry Value Chain; Value-net; Coopetition Strategy; Triad Analysis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:159
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
摘要
台灣擁有全球最大的晶圓代工廠,全球50奈米以下的IC代工業務60%為台積電所有,在智慧型手機中的所有IC晶片幾乎都是由台積電和聯電兩公司代工的。台灣的封測產業也因此居全球第一,市場佔有率約為56%。全球前4大封裝測試企業,台灣就佔了3家。全球IC載板封裝市場,台灣企業市場佔有率超過70%。但近幾年IC載板廠商的市場競爭日趨白熱化,如何藉由產業環境的優勢,讓IC載板廠商能夠擴展其市場,維持或提升其競爭優勢,是目前IC載板廠商經營者的重要課題。過去的研究對於IC載板產業價值網(Value-Net)中的競合關係未多做著墨,並且尚未有利用社會網絡的三位體觀點來解釋競爭與合作的交互影響,因此促成了本研究的動機。
本研究是藉由透過價值網分析(Value-Net Analysis),以U公司為核心公司做全面性的競爭合作分析,目的是在於深入瞭解IC載板產業的現況;說明以IC載板製造廠商U公司為核心與上、中、下游廠商之間的關係;並以U公司之觀點,探討在其價值網中各參賽者彼此之間競爭、合作與競合的關係;並解釋競合情境下所存在的垂直或水平關係進而透過多位體分析、解釋競爭與合作的交互影響關係。
本研究是以個案的方式進行,透過產業及個案公司的資料蒐集、半結構化的訪問與面談以及文獻的探討來進行研究。透過以價值網為理論基礎,發展垂直與水平關係的四象限之觀念性架構及進行三位體的情境分析,並經由多位體情境分析來解釋此產業現象。
本研究發現在價值網為理論基礎下,供應鏈的垂直關係主要以「強合作/弱競爭」為主,水平同業之間的關係主要以「強競爭/弱合作」為主。而以個案U公司的觀點看價值網,發現以「垂直合作 / 水平競爭」及「水平合作 / 水平競爭」的類型佔較多的比例。因為個案U公司處於供應鏈上B2B的中介位置來看整個產業,個案U公司可整合下游顧客的需求及搭配上游供應商的技術,以取得較競爭者更有利的市場地位。而透過二位體、三位體以及多位體的情境分析來說明二位體與三位體在價值網裡的關係差異,而在價值網裡只談論二位體的雙邊關係而未論及其第三邊關係,事實上產業中是存在複雜的三邊競合關係。本研究藉由分析第三邊關係能協助企業在此複雜的狀態情境下,做更理性及準確的決策。
建議未來研究者可以以價值網中的其他參賽者為核心,探討更多的三位體的競合情境及可以透過競合的因果關係發展一系列的命題。

ABSTRACT
The world largest foundries are located in Taiwan, among which TSMC amounts to 60% of total below 50 nm nodes. TSMC and UMC are producing mostly all IC used in smart phones. Taiwan is also leading with packaging and testing, contributing around 56% of total output. Three out of top four oSATs are from Taiwan. Furthermore, Taiwan substrate manufacturers added together hold around 70% of the market share. Nevertheless, the competition among IC substrate vender has become increasingly fierce. Therefore, how to retain or even improve its competitiveness through expanding market share by taking advantage of the industry cluster in Taiwan, and forming strategic alliances, has become an important subject for IC substrate vendor to ponder upon. The past research don’t dwell a relationship with coopetition in Integrated Circuit substrate industry's Value-Net and did not use of “Triad” views of the social network to explain competition and cooperation, and therefore the motive of cost to study.
This research is penetrates the Value-Net to take U company as the core analysis coopetition integrity, its goal is in-depth understanding of Integrated Circuit substrate industry status; It explain agent U company as the core and know the relationship with upper, middle and lower manufacturer; With a view of U company, explore the player in Value-Net the relationship between cooperation, competition and coopetition. And explain the coopetition situations existence of the vertical or horizontal relationship and then through triad explain the relationship between competition and cooperation.
This research made of a case study that through the industry and company's information collection, semi-structured interviews and documentation of research. By the base of value-net, develop the relationship between vertical and horizontal quadrant of the conceptual structure of triad situation analysis and explain many social phenomena.
The research found that the theoretical basis of value-net, the supply chain, mainly in the vertical relationship is based on "strong cooperation / weak competition", the main relationship between the level of the industry is based on "strong competition / weak cooperation". By view of the case company see value–net, found that "vertical cooperation / level of competition" and "level of cooperation / level of competition", account for a higher percentage. Because the case company in the B2B supply chain intermediary position to see the entire industry, The case company can obtain a more favorable position through integrate the needs of downstream and get more resources from upstream suppliers. By using dyad, triad and complete situational analysis shows difference between dyad and triad in value-net, in value-net only mention the relationship of dyad, not to comment trilateral relationship, in fact, there is a complex relationship of triad coopetition. This study tries to analyze the trilateral relations to help companies to do more rational decisions in the complex state.
I suggest that could be the core of the other players of value-net to analyze triad situation and through the causal relationship of coopertition developing of a series of competing propositions in the future.

目錄
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
目錄 III
表目錄 V
圖目錄 VI
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究範圍與對象 3
第四節 研究流程 3
第貳章 積體電路載板產業分析 6
第一節 積體電路載板介紹 6
第二節 積體電路載板產業結構與市場概況 9
第一節 價值鏈與產業價值鏈概念 13
第二節 社會網絡與企業網絡概念 15
第三節 合作模式下的垂直與水平關係探討 18
第四節 競爭模式下的垂直與水平關係 26
第五節 競合模式下的價值網理論探討 28
第六節 多位體理論探討 36
第肆章 研究架構與方法 40
第一節 研究架構 40
第二節 一般性定義與操作型定義 43
第三節 研究方法 44
第伍章 產業競合案例分析 48
第一節 積體電路載板產業上中下游關係 48
第二節 積體電路載板產業價值網 50
第三節 積體電路載板產業價值網二位體暨三位體分析 71
第四節 積體電路載板產業價值網多位體分析 106
第陸章 積體電路載板產業價值網三邊關係分析 110
第一節 三邊關係討論 110
第二節 三邊關係小結 115
第柒章 結論與討論 116
第一節 研究結論 116
第二節 理論貢獻與實務意涵 118
第三節 研究限制與未來研究建議 119
參考文獻 121
中文部份 121
英文部份 122
網站部份 126


表目錄
表3-1 策略聯盟定義彙整表 22
表3-2 價值網中的互動關係 32
表3-3 八種基本權力分配的三位體 38
表4-1 IC載板產業價值網參賽者代號 46
表4-2 IC載板產業價值網參賽者代號及其公司名稱對照表 47
表5-1 IC載板產業分類 49
表5-2 聯致科技公司簡介 55
表5-3 太陽油墨(TAIYO)公司簡介 58
表5-4 群翊科技公司簡介 59
表5-5 SANDISK公司簡介 61
表5-6 SAMSUNG公司簡介 62
表5-7 矽品科技公司簡介 63
表5-8 日月光公司簡介 65
表5-9 景碩公司簡介 66
表5-10 二位體競合關係型態 72
表5-11 三位體競合分析與競合情境分類 101
表5-12 個案公司競爭與合作模式表 105
表5-13 四位體競合分析 107
表5-14 五位體競合關係情境分析 109


圖目錄
圖1-1 整體台灣電子產業銷售成長趨勢圖 2
圖1-2 研究流程圖 5
圖2-1 一般CSP載板與FC載板剖面示意圖 7
圖2-2 IC構裝的技術演進圖 7
圖2-3 IC載板產品生命週期圖 8
圖2-4 IC載板產業結構圖 10
圖2-5 IC載板生產區域趨勢圖 11
圖2-6 IC載板市場規模趨勢圖 12
圖3-1 價值鏈分析模式 14
圖3-2 價值系統(VALUE SYSTEM) 15
圖3-3 價值網 31
圖3-4 競合的類型 34
圖3-5 三位體示意圖 38
圖4-1 垂直與水平關係下的競合模式 40
圖4-2 垂直與水平關係下的參賽者競合類別 42
圖4-3 本研究架構 43
圖5-1 U公司組織圖 50
圖5-2 U公司主要客戶 51
圖5-3 U公司主要生產基地 51
圖5-4 U公司營收成長狀況 52
圖5-5 U公司印刷電路板及IC載板世界排名 52
圖5-6 U公司沿革與里程碑 53
圖5-7 U公司產品比重與演變 53
圖5-8 U公司價值網-參賽者對象 54
圖5-9 四位體競合分析 106
圖5-10 五位體競合分析 108
圖6-1 個案公司/顧客/競爭者三邊的競合關係 111
圖6-2 個案公司/顧客/互補者三邊的競合關係 112
圖6-3 公司/供應商/供應商三邊關係 114
圖6-4 供應商/個案公司/顧客三邊關係 115
圖7-1 價值網三邊關係 117


中文部份
1.王泰允,1992年,國際合作實用──企業國際化指南。台北:遠流出版社。
2.王俊如,2003年,多元交易關係之研究以兩個交易關係的相互影響為例,國立政治大學企業管理學系博士論文。
3.王志軒,2005年,供應鏈中的水平競合模式與通路垂直關係之研究,國立台灣大學商學研究所博士論文。
4.司徒達賢,1996年,中小企業之策略聯盟,[Online]. Available: http://www.moea.gov.tw/~ecobook/season/sa611.htm
5.司徒達賢,2005年,策略管理新論-觀念架構與分析方法,台北,智勝出版社。
6.何嘉惠、陳寬裕、林純純,2005年,「以競局理論分析競合環境之資源分享」,經營管理論叢,1(1): 1-15。
7.吳青松,1992年,「策略聯盟之組織運作與風險管理」,錢談雜誌,第15 期,113-1l5。
8.吳思華,1996年,策略九說:策略的思考本質,初版,台北:麥田出版社。
9.吳思華,2000年,策略九說,台北:臉譜文化出版社(第三版)。
10.巫忠信,2003年,台灣中部地區製造產業策略聯盟概況之研究,朝陽科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士論文。
11.林茂山,1992年,「中小企業合作經營的特質與發展策略」,台灣經濟研究月刊,15(5):48-50。
12.林孟輝,2004年,競爭策略與品牌策略類型配適對品牌權益關係之研究—以高科技產業技術採用生命週期觀點分析,中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
13.邱宏仁,1998年,因應國際競爭之策略聯盟,中小企業輔導服務人員研討會。
14.邱柏松,1996年,「國際策略聯盟在國內之現況與績效」,經濟情勢暨評論,2(3): 14-22。
15.張振光,2008年,電子業產品單位耗能指標建立及節能檢討-- IC封裝業、IC測試業、快閃記憶體、行動電話、不斷電系統、積層陶瓷電容器,國立台北科技大學能源與冷凍空調工程系碩士論文。
16.許恩得譯,2004年,競合策略,Brandenburger & Nalebuff(1996),Co-opetition ,台北:台灣培生教育出版。
17.湯明哲,2003年,策略精論:基礎篇,台北:天下文化出版社(第一版)。
18.黃哲盛,1992年,從市場權力的觀點探討廠商的競爭行動,私立中原大學企業管理研究所碩士學位論文。
19.黃崇哲,2000年,「電子商務對臺灣廠商策略聯盟關係之影響及展望」,亞太經濟合作評論,5:75-86。
20.楊豐碩,1992年,「國內企業聯盟之發展與策略思考」,臺灣經濟研究月刊,15(5):36-40。
21.詹世祥,2009年,台灣IC載板產業於兩岸佈局策略之研究,逢甲大學經營管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
22.鄞瑜萱,2003年,大陸台商策略聯盟類型與績效之關聯性研究-以電子電機業為例,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。

英文部份
1.Aaker, D.A., 1992, Developing Business Strategies (3rd).New York: John Wiley &Sons.
2.Astley, W.G., & Fombrun C.J., 1983, “Collective Strategy: Social Ecology of Organizational Environments.” Academy of Management Review, 8: 576-587.
3.Axelrod, R., 1984, The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books.
4.Bantham, J. H., Celuch, K. G., and Kasouf, C. J., 2003, “A Perspective of Partnerships Based on Interdependence and Dialectical Theory.” Journal of Business Research, 56 (4) : 265-274.
5.Barnes, J. A., 1954, “Class and Committees in a Norwegian Island Parish.” Human Relations, 7(1) : 39-58.
6.Barnir, A., & Smith, K. A. 2002, Interfirm Alliances in the Small Business: The Role of Social Networks. Journal of Small Business Management, 40(3) : 219-232.
7.Baranson, J., 1990, “Transnational Strategic Alliances: Why, What, Where and How.” Multinationl Business, 2:54-61.
8.Barney, J.B., 1997, Gaining & Sustaining Competitive Advantage, Addison WesIey Publishing Company.
9.Barney, J.B. & Hansen M.H., 1994, “Trustworthiness as a Source of Competitive Advantage.” Strategic Management Journal, 15(s1):175-190.
10.Bengtsson, M. & Kock, S., 2000, “Coopetition in Business Networks – To Cooperate and Compete Simultaneously.” Industrial Marketing Management , 29 (5):411-426.
11.Boissevian, J., 1974, Friends of Friends: Networks, Manipulators and Coalitions, New York : St.Martin's Press.
12.Borden, N., 1964, “The Concept of Marketing Mix”. Journal of Advertising Research, June: 2-7.
13.Brandenburger, A.M. & Nalebuff, B.J., 1995, “The Right Game: Use Game Theory to Shape Strategy.” Harvard Business Review, 73(4): 57-71.
14.Brandenburger, A.M. & Nalebuff, B. J. 1996, Co-opetition, New York: Doubleday.(許恩得譯,2004年,競合策略,台北:台灣培生教育出版).
15.Brusco, S., 1999, “The Rules of the Game in Industrial Districts.”, in A. Grandori (ed.), Interfirm Networks: Organization and Industrial Competitiveness, London and New York: Routledge.
16.Burt, R. S., 1992, Structural Holes. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
17.Caplow, T. 1968, Two Against One: Coalitions in Triads. Prentice-Hall, NJ: Englewood Cliffs. (章英華、丁庭宇譯,1977年,人類三角關係之探討-人際關係中的二對一,台北:桂冠圖書).
18.Choi, T.Y.& Kim, Y., 2008, “Structural Embeddedness and Supply Management: A Network Perspective.” Journal of Supply Chain Management 44 (4) :5–13.
19.Choi, T.Y., & Wu, Z., 2009, “Taking The Leap from Dyads to Triads: Buyer–Supplier Relationships in Supply Networks.” Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management 15 263–266
20.Contractor, F.J. & Lorange, P., 1988, Cooperative Strategies in International Business. Boston: Lexinton Books.
21.Dagnino, G.B. & Padula, G., 2002, “Coopetition Strategy – A New Kind of Interfirm Dynamics for Value Creation.” Paper presented at 2nd Annual Conference of The European Academy of Management.
22.Devlin, G., & Bleackley, M., 1988, “Strategic Alliances-Guidelines for Success.” Long Range Planning, 21(5):18-23.
23.Dowling, M.J., Roering, W.D., Carlin, B.A. & Wisneski, J. 1996, “Multifaceted Relationships under Coopetition : Description and Theory.” Journal of Management Inquiry, 5(2): 155-167.”
24.Doz, Y.L. & Hamel, G., 1998, Alliance Advantage: The Art of Creating Value Through Partnering. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
25.Doz, Y.L., 1996, “The Evolution of Cooperation in Strategic Alliances: Initial Conditions or Learning Processes? ” Strategic Management Journal, 17(s1): 55-83.
26.Drucker, P.F., 1954, The Practice of Management. New York: Harper & Row
27.Dubois, A., Fredriksson, P., 2008, “Cooperating and Competing in Supply Networks: Making Sense of a Triadic Sourcing Strategy. ” Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 14: 170-179.
28.Dyer, J. H. & Singh, H., 1998, “The Relational View: Cooperative Strategy and Sources of Inter-organizational Competitive Advantage.” Academy of Management Review, 23(4): 660-679.
29.Economist, The, 1999, “The Complication of Clustering.” January 2-8: 57-58.
30.Gomes-Casseres , B. 1994, “Group Versus Group: How Alliance Networks Compete.” Harvard Business Review, 72 (4): 62–70.
31.Grandori, A. & Neri, M. 1999, “The Fairness Properties of Inter-firm Networks.” In A. Grandori (ed.), Inter-firm Networks. London, Routledge.
32.Granovetter, M., 1995, Economic Action and Social Structure: A Theory of Embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology, 91: 481-510.
33.Griesinger, D., 1990, “The Human Side of Economic Organization”. Academy of Management Review, 15(1):478-499.
34.Gulati, R., Nohria, N., & Zaheer, A. 2000, “Strategic Networks.” Strategic Management Journal, 21(3): 203-215.
35.Håkansson, H., 1993, “Network as a Mechanism to Develop Resources.” In P. Beije, J. Groenewegen, & O. Nuys (Eds). Networking in Dutch Industries, Garant: Leven-Apeldorn.
36.Håkansson, H. & Ostberg, C., 1976, “Industrial Marketing: An Organizational Problem?” Industrial Marketing Management, 4(2/3): 113-123.
37.Håkansson, H., 1993, “Network as a Mechanism to Develop Resources”, In P. Beije, J. Groenewegen, & O. Nuys (Eds), Networking in Dutch Industries, Garant: Leven-Apeldorn.
38.Hamel, G., 1991, “Competition for Competence and Inter-partner Learning within International Strategic Alliances.” Strategic Management Journal, 12(s1), 83-103.
39.Harrigan, K.R., 1988, “Joint Venture and Competitive Strategy.” Strategic Management Journal, 9(7): 141-158.
40.Heider, F., 1958, The Psychology of Interpersonal Relations, New York: Wiley.
41.Hennart, J.F., 1988, “A Transaction Cost Theory of Equity Joint Ventures”, Strategic Management Journal, 9(4): 361-374.
42.Hill, C.W.L., 1990, “Cooperation, Opportunism, and the Invisible Hand: Implications for Transaction Cost Theory.” Academy of Management Review, 15(3): 500-514.
43.Hodge, B.J. & Anthony, W. P., 1988, Organization Theory (3rd). Massachusetts: Allnand Bacon, Inc.
44.James, B., 1985, “Alliances: The New Strategic Focus.” Long Range Planning, 18(3): 76-81.
45.Kanter, R. M., 1990, “How to Compete.” Harvard Business Review, Jul/Aug: 1-2.
46.Khanna, T., 1998, “The Scope of Alliance.” Organization Science, 9(3): 340-355.
47.Khanna, T., Gulati, R. & Nohria, N. 1998, “The Dynamics of Learning Alliances: Competition, Cooperation and Relative Scope.” Strategic Management Journal, 19(3): 193-210.
48.Knoke D. and Kuklinski J. H.,1982, Network Analysis, Beverly Hills: Sage Publication
49.Kogut, B., 1989, “The Stability of Joint Venture: Reciprocity and Competitive Rivalry.” The Journal of Industrial Economics, 38: 183-198.
50.Koza, M.P. & Lewin, A.Y., 1998, “The Co-evolution of Strategic Alliances.” Organization Science, 9(3): 255-264.
51.Lado, A. A., Boyd, N. G., & Hanlon, S. C., 1997, “Competition, Cooperation, and the Search for Economic Rents: A Syncretic Model”, Academy of Management Review, 22(1): 110–141.
52.Lei, D., 1997, “Offensive and Defensive Uses Alliance.” In Vernon-Wortzel, H. & Wortze1, L.H. (Eds.), Strategic Management in a Global Economy, New York: John Wiley & Sons.
53.Lewis, J. D., 1990, “Making Strategic Alliance Work.” Research Technology Management, 33(6): 12-15
54.Luo. Y., 2007, “A Coopetition Perspective of Global Competition.”, Journal of World Business 42: 129–144.
55.Lynch, R. P. 1989, The Practical Guide to Joint Venture and Corporate Alliance, New York: John Wiley & Sons.
56.MacMillan, I. C., 1978, Strategy Formulation: Political Concepts, st. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Company. (徐聯恩譯,公司內的權力世界,第二版,台北:聯經出版事業公司)。
57.Mitchell, J.C. 1969, Social Networks and Urban Situations. England: Manchester University Press.
58.Nueno, P. & Oosterveld, J. 1988, “Managing Technology Alliances.” Long Range Planning, 21(3): 11-17.
59.Pattison, P. 1993, Algebraic Models for Social Networks. Cambridge University Press.
60.Penning, J.M. 1981, “Strategically Interdependent Organizations.” In Nystrom P. C., & W.H. Starbuck (Eds), Handbook of Organizational Design, New York: Oxford,.433-455.
61.Pfeffer, J. and Salancik, G.R., 1978, The External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective, New York: Harper and Row Publishing Co..
62.Porter, M.E, 1979, “Forces Governing Competition in Industry.” Harvard Business Review, Mar.-Apr.
63.Porter M.E. & Fuller M.B.,1986) “Coalitions and Global Strategy,Competition in Global Industries.”, Edited by Micheal E. Porter, Harvard Business School press , Boston, Massachusetts, 322-325。
64.Porter, M.E., 1985, Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance, New York: The Free Press.
65.Porter, M.E., 1990, The Competitive Advantage of Nations, New York: The Free Press.
66.Prahalad, C.K. & Hamel, G., 1990, “The Core Competence of the Corporation.” Harvard Business Review, May-June: 79-91.
67.Root, F., 1988, “Some Taxonomics of International Cooperative Arrangement.” In F. J. Contractor & P. Lorange (Eds.), Cooperative Strategies in InternationalBusiness. New York: Lexington Books.
68.Rossetti, C., & Choi, T.Y., 2005, “On the Dark Side of Strategic Sourcing: Experiences from the Aerospace Industry.” Academy of Management Executive, 19 (1): 46-60.
69.Rossetti, C, & Choi, T.Y., 2008, “Supply Management under High Goal Incongruence: An Empirical Examination of Disintermediation in the Aerospace Supply Chain.” Decision Sciences, 39 (3): 507-540.
70.Smith, P.C., & Laage-Hellman, J., 1992, “Small Group Analysis in Industrial Networks.” In Axelsson, B., Easton, G. (Eds.), Industrial Networks: A New View of Reality. London: Routledge.
71.Teece, D.J., Pisano, G. & Schuen, A., 1997, “Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management.” Strategic Management Journal, 18(7): 509-533.
72.Teece, D. J., 1992, “Competition, Cooperation, and Innovation Organizational Arrangements.” for Regimes of Rapid Technological Progress. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 18:1-25.
73.Wernerfelt, B., 1984, “A Resource-Based View of the Firm.” Strategic Management Journal, 5(2): 171-180.
74.Williamson, O.E., 1975, Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications. New York: The Free Press.
75.Williamson, O.E., 1985, The Economic Institutions of Capitalism. New York:The Free Press.
76.Wu, Z. & Choi, T.Y., 2005, “Supplier–supplier relationships in the Buyer-supplier Triad: Building Theories from Eight Case Studies.” Journal of Operations Management 24 (1), 27–52.
77.Yin,R.,1984, Case study research: Design and methods (1st ed.). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publication.
78.Yin, R. 1994, Case study research: Design and methods (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publication.

網站部份
1. 工研院IEK:http://ieknet.itri.org.tw/
2. MBA智庫百科 http://www.mbalib.com/
3. A1公司網站www.mgc.co.jp/eng/
4. A2公司網站www.amcorp.com.tw
5. A3公司網站www.panasonic.com.tw
6. A4公司網站www.jcu-tw.com
7. A5公司網站www.taiyoink.com.tw
8. A7公司網站www.gpline.com.tw
9. A8公司網站www.tcftech.cn
10. B3公司網站www.samsung.com/tw
11. B1公司網站www.sandisk.com.tw
12. B2公司網站www.spil.com.tw
13. B4公司網站www.amkor.com

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔