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研究生:賴慧心
研究生(外文):Hui-Hsin Lai
論文名稱:綠色輸入型供應鏈風險之探討
論文名稱(外文):Consideration of Green Issue for Inbound Supply Chain
指導教授:郭怡君郭怡君引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-Chun Kuo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:國際經營與貿易研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:貿易學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:層級程序分析法(AHP)輸入型供應風險綠色議題環境風險
外文關鍵詞:green issueinbound supply chain riskenvironmental riskanalytical hierarchy processing (AHP)
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近年來,環境保護與綠色議題逐漸受到關注,國際上紛紛制定許多相關法令,以及嚴格的產品之檢驗標準,如歐盟在2006年推出廢電子電機設備指令(WEEE)、電子電機設備中危害物質禁用指令(RoHS)、能源產品綠色設計指令(EuP)與化學品登錄、評估與授權制度(REACH)。以台灣為例,我國對歐洲出口貿易值中電子產品佔了14.48%,因此企業產品外銷至歐盟時,應將環保規範納入考量,否則產品將無法順利進入歐洲市場,甚至可能因違犯法規而被處以巨額罰款。供應鏈系統龐大且複雜,任何一個供應商的失誤將影響商品與服務的流動,造成品質不符等高成本損失與交貨延遲。因此,企業不只從自身的生產製造端開始把關,對於供應商所提供之原料與零件也要進行嚴格的控管,在選擇供應商夥伴時需要考量來自供應商的風險轉移。過去研究供應鏈風險管理的文獻,偏向注重產品本身的風險,如品質風險、成本風險、交期風險、研發及創新風險等,本研究以輸入型供應鏈角度,加入綠色環保議題如法規風險、實質風險、訴訟風險等,評估來自供應商端的可能風險,利用層級程序分析法及專家訪談,評比各種輸入型風險的權重與排序。藉此了解企業在評選供應商夥伴時,對於綠色議題之風險考量的重視程度。

Many related strict regulations and examinations were made for environmental product because of the growing interest in environmental and green issues all over the world. For example, the European Union had published the Environmental Directives, Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), Restriction of Hazardous Substance (RoHS), Eco-Design Requirements for Energy Using Products (EuP) and Registration, Evaluation, and Authorization of Chemicals (REACH) in 2006. In Taiwan, 14.48% of the exported value to Europe is electronic products. Therefore, enterprises should take these regulations into consideration when they want to export products to Europe, otherwise, the products will not be able to sale in the European market, and may even be imposed hefty fines due to violation of regulations. A supply chain system can be large in scale and complicated. Any of one supplier’s failures may affect the flow of goods and services and that will cause a costly loss and delivery delay. An enterprise should not only concern on their own produce and manufacturing, but also take a strict control on the materials and components from their supplier partners. Considering the transfer of risk from a supplier is needed. The past research on supply chain risk management tends to focus on the risk of product itself, like the risks of quality, cost, on time delivery, R&D… etc.. This paper assesses the consideration of green issue for inbound supply chain risks like regulation, risk, physical risk, litigation risk and so on. By using the analytic hierarchy process and interviews to compare the importance of risk factors, evaluates the weight of risks and make a rank to access the possible risk from the suppler. Thus to understand the importance of considering the environmental risks when a company makes a decision of chooses their supplier partner.

目錄
摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 V
圖目錄 VI
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究架構 5
第貳章 文獻回顧 7
第一節 風險管理 7
第二節 輸入型供應鏈風險 11
第三節 環境風險 17
第参章 研究方法與設計 23
第一節 層級程序分析法 23
第二節 風險架構 30
第肆章 實證結果 35
第一節 樣本結構 35
第二節 問卷分析結果 39
第伍章 結論與建議 51
第一節 研究結論 51
第三節 研究限制與未來研究方向 54
參考文獻 55
附錄A 研究問卷 60
表目錄
表2-1、風險來源分類 15
表2-2、輸入型供應鏈風險 16
表2-3、國際環境保護公約整理 18
表2-4、按可能性大小排名的全球五大風險(2007-2014年) 20
表3-1、AHP評估尺度說明 27
表3-2、隨機指標表 29
表4-1、研就問卷訪問對象 35
表4-2、採購與外銷之比較 36
表4-3、訪談對象環境執行之分析 38
表4-4、第二層風險構面分析 39
表4-5、產品風險構面中各評量準則權重與排序 41
表4-6、供應商風險構面中各評量準則權重與排序 42
表4-7、合作關係風險構面中各評量準則權重與排序 44
表4-8、環境風險構面中各評量準則權重與排序 46
表4-9、輸入型供應鏈風險各構面中評量準則權重與排序 49
圖目錄
圖一、研究架構 6
圖二、風險來源 14
圖三、輸入型供應鏈分類 30
圖四、輸入型供應風險架構 32
圖五、採購與外銷地區直條圖 36
圖六、環保政策執行結果 37
圖七、整體風險權重之比較 48
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