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研究生:黃嘉瑩
研究生(外文):Chia-Ying Huang
論文名稱:擴增實境在人機互動教學之應用
論文名稱(外文):An Application of Human-Computer Interaction Teaching Based on Augmented Reality
指導教授:涂世雄涂世雄引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:通訊工程碩士學位學程
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:39
中文關鍵詞:色彩辨識人機互動虛擬實境擴增實境
外文關鍵詞:ARColor ImageVRHuman-Computer Interaction
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:246
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本篇論文中,我們提出一個人機互動系統,使人能夠通過攝影鏡頭與電腦進行互動並針對物件實體做影像處理以辨識其目前操作的完成進度,然後對其下一步驟所需之對應動作提示,以達到步驟教學目的。
本篇論文主要分為四個部分,第一步部分是系統架構流程圖為介紹整個系統得運作流程。第二部分是關於對目標物件的影像處理,包含了擷取目標物件影像訊息、顏色識別處理和色彩數據的比對處理。第三部分是辨識目標物件目前的完成度,其中包括物件目前完成度的辨別方式與步驟提示與顯示。最後是系統的模擬結果。
在本論文中,我們主要的貢獻有下列幾點:
(1) 對目標物件做影像處理
本篇論文中提出的方法不同於其他擴增實境的應用,其中不使用ARcode來顯示對應的虛擬動畫,而是選擇直接對目標物件擷取影像與取得數據來做處理。
(2) 提供一個學習的介面
在本論文中,提出一個介面是透過攝影鏡頭與電腦進行互動,並達到能夠以一步驟一步驟提示的教學介面。


In this thesis , we propose a new scheme application to use image process combing the augmented reality that allow people to interact with computer through the webcam to learn how to assembly objects by step.
This thesis can be divided into four part. First, we will introduce our algorithms to show the system. Second, is about the object image process that include the catch the objects and color identify then color data matched. Third, we introduce the recognition of the degree of completion including the tips animation and tips display. Finally, the simulations of our result will be presented.
In this thesis , the results of our research are as follows:
(1) Direct image process for processing the target object
Our system is different with ather AR application. We don’t use the AR code technology to determine AR code to show corresponding virtual animation. In stend , use direct imaging process for processing the target object behind the screen display of the corresponding application.
(2) Provide a learning interface
We provide a interface through the webcam to show the tips for the to learn how to assembly object step by step.


Contents
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
Contents III
List of Figure IV
Lisr of Table V
Chapter 1 Introdiction 1
1.2 The Purposed Schemes 5
1.3Organization of This Thesis 6
Chapter 2 Technical Background 7
2.1 Virtual Reality 7
2.2 Augmented Reality 9
2.3 Color Image Process 12
Chapter 3 System Implementation and Simulations 15
3.1 Flowchart of System Architecture 15
3.2 Object Image Process 17
3.2.1 Catch the object 17
3.2.2 Color Identify 18
3.3 Step Tips 20
3.4 Simulations 22
References 29


List of Figures
Figure 2-1 Example of AR 9
Figure 2-2 Mixed Reality 11
Figure 2-3 RGB color model 12
Figure 2-4 HSV color model 13
Figure 2-5 YCbCr color model 144
Figure 3-1 The system architecture flowchart 16
Figure 3-2 Object Catch 17
Figure 3-3 Color data Saveing 18
Figure 3-4 The capture of each side of Rubik's Cube 19
Figure 3-5 First layer 20
Figure 3-6 Second layer 211
Figure 3-7 Top layer 211
Figure 3-8 The Tip of first step 222
Figure 3-9 The Tip of First layer second step 22
Figure 3-10 The Tip of Second layer first step 23
Figure 3-11 The Tip of Second layer second step 23
Figure 3-12 The Tip of top layer 24
Figure 3-13 Error tips 25
Figure 3-14 Switch wrong position 25
Figure 3-15 Inadequate information 26
List of Table
Table 3-1 The Color data of The Rubik’s Cube 19
Table 3-2 Completion Rate 24
Table 3-3 Comparison Table 27


References
[1]Franck Crison, Anatole Lecuyer, Daniel Mellet d’Huart, Jean-Marie Burkhardt, Georges Michel, Jean-Louis Dautin, “Virtual Technical Trainer:Learning How to Use Milling Machines with Multi-Sensory Feedback in Virtual Reality”, 2005 IEEE
[2]張 聖 裕, “The Implementation of a Helicopter Flight Simulator”, 國立臺北科技大學 機電整合研究所 碩士論文 民國九十四年七月
[3]Hyung-Soon Park‚Jungwon Yoon‚Amanda Sudduth‚Jonghyun Kim‚Yeoun-Seung Kang‚“Simulating Overground Turning in a VR-based Linear Treadmill”,NCU IPVR Lab
[4]王 柏 棋, “Apply viryual reality on ship collision avoid training system”, 國立成功大學 造船暨船舶機械工程研究所 碩士論文 民國九十一年六月
[5]Virtual Reality in the Military,
http://www.vrs.org.uk/virtual-reality-military/index.html
[6]“Introduction to Virtual Reality”,NCU IPVR Lab
[7]鄭 啟 英, “虛擬實境在復健之應用”,國立中央大學 機械工程研究所 碩士論文
[8]蘇 育 賢, “虛擬實境在駕駛行為之研究與應用”, 國立中央大學 機械工程研究所 碩士論文 民國九十一年七月
[9]Virtual reality, Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_reality
[10]Augmented reality, Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augmented_reality
[11]“虛擬實境的小簡介”
[12]Ronald T. Azuma, “A Survey of Augmented Reality”, 1997 In Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments
[13]擴增實境應用於地圖操作, youtube
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iFJZUEtNBjQ
[14]Kuo-Hsiung Wang, “A Comparative Study on the Interaction Styles of Multi-tagged Augmented Reality Games for Supporting Mobile Learning in a Heritage Temple”, 大同大學 工業設計研究所 碩士論文 民國九十九年七月
[15]Kim Kirchbach, “Augmented Reality on Construction Sites using a Smartphone-Application”, 2013 17th International Conference on Information Visualisation
[16]Kikuo Asai, Tomotsugu Kondo, Hideaki Kobayashi, Akira Mizuki, “A Geographic Surface Browsing Tool Using Map-based Augmented Reality”, 2008 IEEE
[17]Omid Mohareri, Ahmad B. Rad, “Autonomous Humanoid Robot Navigation using Augmented Reality Technique”, 2011 IEEE
[18]Hyung-Keun Jee, Sukhyun Lim, JinYoung Youn, Junsuk Lee, “An Immersive Authoring Tool for Augemented Reality-based E-learning Applications”, 2011 IEEE
[19]Hidehiko Okada, Takashi Matsuse, “Application and Evaluation of Augmented Reality User Interface to a Card Game ‘Scopa’ ”, 2011 SICE Annual Conference
[20]Stefan Nickels, Hienke Sminia, Sabine C. Mueller, Bas Kools, Anna Kathariona Dehof, Hans-Peter Lenhof, Andreas Hildebrandt, “ProteinScanAR - An augmented reality web application for high school education in biomolecular life sciences”, 2012 16th International Conference on Information Visualisation
[21]Chi-Lam Lai, Cho-Li Wang, “Mobile Edutainment with Interactive Augmented Reality using Adaptive Marker Tracking”, 2012 IEEE 18th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems
[22]ARToolKit,
http://www.hitl.washington.edu/artoolkit/
[23][ARToolKit]多個標記的應用, youtube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zOoRyB-HVBo
[24]Trien V. Do, Jong-Weon Lee, “A Quick Algorithm for Snapping 3D Objects in Augmented Reality”, 2009 International Symposium on Ubiquitous Virtual Reality
[25]RGB color model, Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RGB_color_model
[26]Color image, Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_image
[27]HSL and HSV, Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_and_HSV
[28]YCbCr, Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/YCbCr
[29]Ivan Sutherland, “The Ultimate Display”, 1965
[30]羅群翰, “Skin Color Detection Based on Head Detection”, 中原大學 電機工程學系 碩士學位論文民國一O二年七月
[31]A. Penn, C. Mottram, A. Fatah gen. Schieck, M. Wittkämper, M. Störring, O. Romell, A. Strothmann, F. Aish, “Augmented Reality Meeting Table: a Novel Multi-User Interface for Architectural Design”, 2004 DDSS


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