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研究生:陳芳翠
研究生(外文):Tran, Phuong Thuy
論文名稱:越南頭頓省盛安魚漿廠清潔生產評估之研究
論文名稱(外文):Cleaner Production Assessment for Thinh An Surimi Production Facility in Vung Tau Province, Vietnam
指導教授:魏 漣 邦
指導教授(外文):Wei, Lian Pang
口試委員:魏 漣 邦葉啟輝林盛隆
口試委員(外文):Wei, Lian PangYeh, Chi HuiLin, Sheng Lung
口試日期:2014-07-18
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:環境工程學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:清潔生產減廢魚漿生產
外文關鍵詞:Cleaner productionWaste MinimizationSurimi Production
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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越南頭頓省促進經濟發展,魚產加工為關鍵產業,特別是魚漿(surimi)製造。在生產過程中大量使用電力與淡水是這種產業的技術特性。本研究盛安水產加工廠位於頭頓省新海鎮,主要產品是魚漿。由於生產技術簡單、設備維護不足與工人操作生疏,工廠面臨能源與資源使用效率提昇、生產成本降低與環境衝擊減輕的難題。1993年印度國家生產力中心在小型企業減廢示範計畫(DESIRE)下,建立一套減廢稽查方法,包括六步驟18項工作。本研究盛安加工廠採用DESIRE程序,共檢視13項潛在的清潔生產機會。估計經濟環境效益:電力、淡水與冰的消耗分別減少4.5%(23 度/公噸產品)、19.6%(4.9 m3/公噸產品)與 20.8%(0.5 公噸 /公噸產品);生產成本削減約0.7%;每年減少碳排放約28,689 kg CO2當量,140公噸固體廢棄物。投資成本約需100,000-84,000,000VND(越南盾);每年節省約7,000,000-302,400,000VND。回收年限約需幾天至2.4年。其他生產程序改變的創新作法有待進一步評估。此外DESIRE程序與其他清潔生產評估方法準則如美國環境保護署工廠污染預防準則與聯合國漁產加工清潔生產評估比較,顯示本研究方法的優點與缺點。

關鍵字: 清潔生產、減廢、魚漿生產

Seafood processing and surimi production are key industries in economic development in Vung Tau province, Vietnam. The industries have to use a large amount of electricity and water for the production process. Thinh An facility at Tan Hai commune, Vung Tau province is a small facility mainly producing surimi. With simple production technology, the lack of equipment maintenance and unskilled workers, the facility has to face difficulties in promoting efficiency of energy and resource use, reducing production costs and mitigating environmental impacts. A waste minimization audit methodology was developed under DESIRE (Demonstration in Small Industries for Reducing Waste) project by National Productivity Council of India in 1993 and contains 18 tasks under 6 steps. Based on the DERIRE procedure, in this study, 13 possible cleaner production opportunities for Thinh An facility were examined. By calculating economic – environmental benefits, it is estimated to save electricity of 23 Kwh/TP (Ton of Product), water of 4.9 m3/TP and ice of 0.5 tons /TP, equivalent to 4.5 %; 19.6% and 20.8 % of total electricity, water and ice consumption, respectively and reduce the production cost of about 0.7 %. It also contributes to reduce the emission of 28,689 kgCO2e and 140 tons of solid waste per year. The investment cost requires from 100,000 – 84,000,000 VND and could save up production costs about 7,000,000 – 302,400,000 VND per year, with payback period from few days to 2.4 years. Other innovate opportunities for the change in production process are suggested for further assessment at the facility. In addition, the DESIRE method is compared to other guidelines on Cleaner Production assessment methodologies such as Facility Pollution Prevention Guide (US. EPA), and Cleaner Production Assessment in Fish Processing (UNEP) to reveal the advantages and disadvantages of the method used in the study.
Key Words: Cleaner production, Waste Minimization, Surimi Production.

ABSTRACT iii
中文摘要 iv
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS v
CONTENTS vi
LIST OF FIGURES ix
LIST OF TABLES x
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS xii
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Overview of the study 1
1.2 Objectives of the study 3
1.3 Scope of work 3
1.4 Data sources 4
1.5 Description of Thinh An facility 4
Chapter 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 10
2.1 The Progress of Cleaner production 10
2.2 Other concepts related to cleaner production principles 11
2.3 Cleaner production implementation options 13
2.4 Cleaner Production Assessment (CPA) 14
2.5 Tool of Cleaner Production 16
2.6 Integration of CP and ISO 14001/EMS 18
2.7 Some Cleaner Production case studies 19
2.8 Barriers to CP implementation 25
2.9 Status of seafood processing industry in Vietnam and barriers to implement CP 26
Chapter 3 STUDY METHOD 28
3.1 Description of DESIRE project 28
3.2 The progress of DESIRE project 30
3.3 Reasons to choose DESIRE method for the study 32
3.4 DESIRE Procedure for waste audit 33
3.5 The method used in the study 42
Chapter 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS 46
4.1 Power consumption at the facility 46
4.2 Water and other resources consumption at the facility 48
4.3 The environmental indicators of material consumption and waste generation at Thinh An facility 50
4.4 Manufacturing process (for 1,000kg of raw materials) 53
4.5 Material balance assessment 58
4.6 Determining the possible causes of waste generation and waste of resources and the opportunities for CP 59
4.7 Analysis of economic-technical and environmental factors of the solutions 65
4.7.1 Management solution 65
4.7.2 Solution for electricity saving 66
4.7.3 Solution for water saving 69
4.7.4 Solution for ice saving 71
4.7.5 Solution for minimizing solid waste 72
4.7.6 Potential Benefits of Implementation of CP Opportunities 73
4.8 Clean technologies for further assessment 74
4.9 Evaluating the method used 76
Chapter 5 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 80
5.1 Conclusions 80
5.2 Recommendations 81
REFERENCES 82
APPENDIX A 85
APPENDIX B 86
APPENDIX C 88
APPENDIX D 89
APPENDIX E 92


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