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研究生:劉子瑜
研究生(外文):Tzu-yu Liu
論文名稱:以碳排放能力為基之供應商評選與學習資源規劃
論文名稱(外文):Supplier Assessment and Learning Resource Planning based on Carbon Emissions Capability
指導教授:蕭堯仁蕭堯仁引用關係
口試委員:盧銘勳莊文傑
口試日期:2014-06-04
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:工業工程與系統管理學系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:碳排放(管理)能力供應商評選標竿學習平衡計分卡資料包絡分析法學習資源規劃
外文關鍵詞:Carbon Emissions CapabilitySupplier AssessmentBenchmarkingBalanced ScorecardData Envelopment AnalysisLearning resource planning
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全球暖化,氣候變遷,世界各國開始陸續制定節能減碳的目標,國際間對於溫室氣體之管理趨勢,已經從國家或區域層級之高階協商過程,開始透過產業供應鏈體系向下延伸,不僅直接影響到企業的營運模式與訂單壓力,甚至還要求企業主動追蹤及管理其供應商的碳排放資訊。倘若企業期永續經營,勢必要重視碳訴求之規劃,考量產品之碳足跡,而碳足跡之管理範圍包含產品生命週期的整個循環過程,乃從原物料的開採到最終的使用與回收等整個過程,涵括了整個供應鏈體系,其亦表示企業應慎選其供應商。在節能減碳的議題上,未來國內各類型的廠商將無法迴避揭露碳排放資訊的壓力。對於仰賴國際市場之企業而言,減少或限制碳排放量之責任然已是勢在必行,而企業的角色就是將環保與低碳觀念融入企業經營方針與產品開發等相關工作,除了可符合綠色供應鏈之客戶要求外,更有益於地球環境與生態之保護,同時更可外塑優質的綠色企業形象。
基於精密機械業之發展,是衡量一個國家技術與研發能力的重要指標之ㄧ,且在終端消費產品之碳足跡訴求下,精密機械設備的產生,將是一個重要且必需的碳排放源,故本研究以精密機械產業為主要探討對象,並以供應商評選為切入點,分析及確立碳排放指標,將其納入平衡計分卡內,除引領供應商具穩健體質外,亦可促進其持續重視碳排放能力,而後引用資料包絡分析法評選供應商,並篩選出優良的供應商,使其能保持在一定的水準之上,並在具供應鏈績效現況之評比資訊下,進而找出標竿學習對象及改善項目,並考量企業資源有限之情況下,非能一一改善其項目,故進行學習資源規劃與配置,期許在建立長遠而深入的上下游合作夥伴關係下,共同進行碳排放(管理)能力之提昇。
The threat of global warming, the world&;#39;s major countries are burdened with the pressure of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon reduction has become one of the most important international environmental issues. The enterprises even should take the initiative to track and manage the information of the carbon emissions of its suppliers. In the future domestic manufacturers will not be able to evade the pressure to expose carbon emissions information.
For businesses that rely on the international market, it is imperative to reduce or limit the responsibility of the carbon emissions. Not only to protect the earth make a contribution, but also enhance the sustainable competitiveness of the enterprises to achieve sustainable management. Taiwan enterprises have begun to pay attention to international requirements to expose the pressure of the carbon emissions information, based on the development of precision machinery industry is an important indicator to measure a country&;#39;s technology and research and development capabilities, the study of the industry as a case study.
The research will focus on how to upgrade carbon emissions capability of supply chain by the supplier assessment mechanism. The index of carbon emission capability will be embedded in the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) to formulate the supplier assessment mechanism. And utilizes Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to estimate performance between organize and establish benchmarking target, and find out items needed to improve. The multiobjective benchmarking can let each unit learn from other’s advantage. And considering under the limited resources of enterprises situation, utilizes the learning resource planning and allocation, hopes to establish long-term on the partnership, joint enhance the ability of carbon emissions.
目錄
誌謝 I
摘要 II
ABSTRACT III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第一章緒論 - 1 -
1.1 研究背景 - 1 -
1.2 研究動機 - 2 -
1.3 研究目的與範圍 - 3 -
1.4 研究流程與架構 - 4 -
第二章參考文獻 - 6 -
2.1碳相關資訊與發展趨勢 - 6 -
2.2平衡計分卡(BSC) - 12 -
2.2.1 平衡計分卡制度之精神及內容 - 13 -
2.2.2 平衡計分卡與策略之結合 - 15 -
2.3投入項與產出項之探討 - 17 -
2.4資料包絡分析法 - 20 -
2.4.1 CCR模式 - 21 -
2.4.2 BCC模式 - 23 -
2.4.3 資料包絡分析法之性質 - 25 -
第三章研究方法 - 27 -
3.1平衡計分卡(含碳排放(管理)能力)之分析及建立 - 27 -
3.1.1環境趨勢分析 - 28 -
3.1.2碳排放能力指標分析 - 30 -
3.1.3平衡計分卡分析與建立 - 31 -
3.2評選機制之分析與建立 - 32 -
3.2.1資料包絡分析法之引用與分析 - 32 -
3.2.2投入與產出項目分析 - 36 -
3.2.3評選方法之分析及確立 - 38 -
3.3標竿學習之分析與建立 - 39 -
3.3.1供應商績效衡量 - 39 -
3.3.2標竿學習分析及確立 - 39 -
3.4 學習資源規劃與配置之分析與建立 - 42 -
3.4.1學習資源規劃與配置模式之分析與建立 - 42 -
第四章驗證與分析 - 44 -
4.1平衡計分卡(含碳排放(管理)能力)之分析 - 44 -
4.2評選機制之分析與建立 - 51 -
4.3標竿學習之分析與建立 - 56 -
4.4學習資源規劃與配置之分析與建立 - 60 -
第五章結論與未來發展 - 61 -
5.1結論 - 61 -
5.2未來發展方向 - 62 -
參考文獻 - 63 -
英文文獻 - 63 -
中文文獻 - 67 -
參考文獻
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