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研究生:倪孝威
研究生(外文):Xiao-Wei Ni
論文名稱:都市中建築物及其開放空間型態對熱環境影響 之研究-以校園建築為例
論文名稱(外文):The Study on the Influence of Urban Buildings and its Open Space on Thermal Environment - Based on campus buildings
指導教授:鄭明仁鄭明仁引用關係
口試委員:郭柏巖黃國倉黃漢泉
口試日期:2014-06-18
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:建築所
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:都市化開放空間熱環境生理當量溫度(PET)
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:121
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摘 要
自二十世紀八零年代後,全球經濟快速成長,都市化的情形越趨明顯,造成人口成長、土地開發與能源消耗過度集中,導致都市環境惡化及生活品質劣化。本研究主
要探討都市中建築物及其開放空間型態對熱環境之影響,建構不同開放空間特性之生理當量溫度(Physiological Equivalent Temperature, PET)模型,研擬未來都市中建築及其開放空間應用性評估及設計策略。
研究中,將實地調查開放空間於熱環境之影響因子及建構相關數據庫,並藉由多元迴歸分析與所得的微氣候監測資料進行關聯性分析。所得研究成果將提供都市中建
築物及其開放空間規劃之策略,以作為建構前瞻型都市及建築綠色環境之參考。本研究同時針對位於台灣地理與氣候區中間地帶之台中市,進行開放空間熱環境的實測調查研究,以便了解使用者於開放空間熱感知狀況與熱環境期望。研究實測於2013 年2月至2013 年11 月,以校園類型之開放空間為調查地點進行熱環境氣候因子測量與問卷調查研究,共計獲取855 份有效問卷。
本研究實測發現:
1. 校園類型開放空間可以SVF 值做基礎判斷,SVF 值越大平均溫度越高。
2. 封閉型於高溫時期皆能呈現較低溫,而ㄇ字型面積及SVF 較封閉型小時,卻
還是易受到熱輻射影響而使平均溫度上升。
3. 開放空間面積越大,該開放空間平均溫度也越高,因其受熱輻射影響時間越
長,當面積超過1000m2 時PET 已達到40℃
4. 研究中校園建築及其開放空間戶外熱舒適之使用者熱舒適溫度,皆於PET 26
℃時達到熱感知及熱期望之中間值。
本研究實測結果證明,校園類型建築之建築形式對於其開放空間有影響性,PET26
℃為本研究中間值,可作為戶外開放空間設計之參考,有助於達到最良好熱環境舒適
度。
關鍵字:都市化、開放空間、熱環境、生理當量溫度(PET)
Abstract

Ever since the late twentieth century has global economy grown rapidly, which brings the acceleration of urbanization, rapid growth of population, massive development of land, and high concentration of energy consumption. This study focuses on the influence a city’s layout of its buildings and open areas causes to its thermal environment. Also, a Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) model will be built in order to illustrate the assessment and design tactics for buildings and open areas in future cities.
The study helps figure out factors of correlation between open space and thermal environment so that a specific data base can be established, according to which we are able to proceed analysis of variance and multiple regression analysis, whose results can be adopted to correlation analysis. Then finally, a thermal environment evaluation model will be built in accordance with the result of this study to ultimately provide planning and strategy for the arrangement of a city’s buildings and open areas. Furthermore, the model can serve as reference to the goal of constructing a visionary city and ecological environment. Meanwhile, the research was conducted simultaneously with the other study that examines open space thermal environment of Taichung City, which locates in the mid area of both Taiwan’s geographic and climate distribution. Accordingly, we are able to achieve a better understanding the thermal perception of residents and their expectations toward thermal environment. The examination performed during February 2013 and November 2013 helped us collect totally 855 questionnaires from various school campuses, and a thermal environmental climate factor test was also performed in certain locations.
The result of the examination shows:

1. Open space like school campuses can be evaluated based on SVF value. The larger the SVF value, the higher the average temperature.
2. Closed space shows lower temperature during high-temperature period while a U-shaped space with smaller square and SVF tends to be influenced more easily by thermal radiation and thus shows higher average temperature.
3. The larger the square of an open space, the higher the average temperature. We observed that when certain space with 1000 square meters were exposed to thermal radiation for certain period of time, the temperature could reach 40 degrees Celsius.
4. Occupants in those campuses are most satisfied for thermal perception and expectation when PET is at 26 degrees Celsius, which is the medium.
The result proves that the layout of campuses is influential to its open space.PET 26 degrees Celsius is the medium of this research, which can be referred to when it comes to outdoor exterior design, and it is helpful to reach the best thermal environmental comfort.

Key words: Urbanization, open space, thermal environment, Physiological Equivalent Temperature (a.k.a. PET).
目 錄
謝 誌 i
摘 要 ii
Abstract iii
目 錄 v
圖 目 錄 vii
表 目 錄 x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究範圍與內容 3
1.4 研究流程 5
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1 開放空間熱環境之相關理論 7
2.2 國內外熱環境相關研究 9
第三章 研究方法 15
3.1研究對象 16
3.1.1 測點選定 17
3.1.2 各測點現況描述 19
3.2調查時間與方式 29
3.3儀器介紹 31
3.4問卷說明 33
3.5分析方式 35
第四章 實證測成果與調查分析 36
4.1 熱環境參數彙整分析 37
4.1.1 開放空間熱環境與SVF之關聯性 39
4.1.1.1第一階段熱環境指標與SVF之關聯性 39
4.1.1.2第二階段熱環境指標與SVF之關聯性 41
4.1.1.3第三階段熱環境指標與SVF之關聯性 43
4.1.1.4小結 45
4.1.2 開放空間熱環境與開口型式之關聯性 46
4.1.2.1 熱環境與口字型開放空間之關聯性 47
4.1.2.2 熱環境與ㄇ字型開放空間之關聯性 53
4.1.2.3 小結 59
4.1.3 開放空間熱環境與空間面積之關聯性 61
4.1.3.1第一階段熱環境指標與空間面積之關聯性 61
4.1.3.2第二階段熱環境指標與空間面積之關聯性 63
4.1.3.3第三階段熱環境指標與空間面積之關聯性 65
4.1.3.4小結 67
4.1.4 開放空間熱環境與H/W之關聯性 68
4.1.4.1第一階段熱環境指標與H/W之關聯性 68
4.1.4.2第二階段熱環境指標與H/W之關聯性 70
4.1.4.3第三階段熱環境指標與H/W之關聯性 72
4.1.4.4小結 74
4.2 開放空間之使用者熱感知 75
4.2.1 受測者相關資料 75
4.2.2 開放空間使用者熱感知 76
第五章 結論與後續研究 79
5.1結論與建議 79
5.2後續研究 80
參考文獻 a
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