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研究生:鄭鈞瑋
論文名稱:具行動匯集點的大型無線感測網路上之省能的資料回報機制
論文名稱(外文):Energy Efficient Data Reporting Scheme in Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Networks with Mobile Sinks
指導教授:黃秀芬黃秀芬引用關係
口試委員:黃秀芬竇其仁陳青文
口試日期:2014-07-10
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:無線感測網路資料回報行動匯集點區塊劃分相對座標
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在無線感測網路中,感測點如何有效的將資料回報至行動匯集點已越來越重要。然而,大部分的研究皆需藉由行動匯集點定期的廣播位址資訊至整個網路,不過這將會造成感測點更新的負擔以及能量的消耗。特別當網路環境過大時,更會造成感測點能量快速的消耗,甚至導致感測資料無法回報給使用者。因此,如何建立有效的回報路徑是非常重要的。此外,感測點可能因環境或成本等因素而沒有位址資訊。
因此,本論文提出一個在不具有位址資訊的大型感測網路中,將資料傳送至行動匯集點的省能資料回報機制。我們將網路進行區塊劃分,限制行動匯集點之廣播範圍,並建立感測點之相對座標(感測點與匯集點之間的hop 數)以及在特定範圍內的感測點之權重值,利用相對座標及權重值的指引,將資料回報給行動匯集點,使其資料傳送路徑較短,以縮短資料回報的時間延遲;同時藉由限制廣播範圍,來減少感測點之能量消耗及更新的負擔。模擬結果顯示我們的方法在能量消耗,控制封包數以及平均路徑長度皆優於TTDD 與SinkTrail。
How to send the data to the mobile sink efficiently is getting more and more
important in WSNs. Most researches periodically broadcast a mobile sink’s location information to the whole network, such that sensor nodes can send data to themobile sink. However, sensor nodes will frequently update the mobile sink’s location information when sinks move rapidly, and thus increasing the energy consumption,especially in large-scale environments. In addition, sensor nodes may not be equipped with GPS or GPS does not workin some environments.
Hence, in this paper, we propose an energy efficient data reporting scheme in
large-scale WSNs without GPS. The sensorfield is divided into several regions in
order to restrict the scope of broadcast. Every sensor nodes construct a relative coordinates that represents the hop counts between the sensor node and the mobile sink. In addition, sensor nodes in aspecific area are assigned weights. According to the relative coordinates and weights, sensor nodes can find a shorter data reporting path to shorten the delay time and reduce the energy consumption. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme outperforms TTDD and SinkTrail in terms of the energy consumption, control overhead and the average hop count.
誌謝................................................................................................................................. i
摘要................................................................................................................................ ii
Abstract ........................................................................................................................ iii
目錄............................................................................................................................... iv
圖目錄............................................................................................................................ v
表目錄.......................................................................................................................... vii
第一章 緒論.................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 研究背景......................................................................................................... 1
1.2 研究動機......................................................................................................... 2
1.3 論文架構......................................................................................................... 3
第二章 相關研究.......................................................................................................... 4
第三章 省能的資料回報機制.................................................................................... 18
3.1 劃分網路區塊及建立相對座標................................................................... 18
3.2 相對座標更新................................................................................................ 21
3.3 判斷匯集點移動方向.................................................................................... 25
3.4 建立適當之權重值及預測匯集點未來之位置............................................ 27
3.5 資料傳送至行動匯集點................................................................................ 31
第四章 模擬結果及分析............................................................................................ 34
4.1. 模擬環境假設與參數設定.......................................................................... 34
4.2. 模擬結果與分析.......................................................................................... 35
第五章 結論................................................................................................................ 45
參考文獻 ............................................................................................................... 46
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