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研究生:陳洪龍
研究生(外文):TAN HUONG LEONG
論文名稱:應用於電動車之永磁磁通切換馬達之設計與分析
論文名稱(外文):Design and Analysis of Flux-Switching Permanent Magnet Motors for Electric Vehicle Applications
指導教授:黃昌圳黃昌圳引用關係
口試委員:劉承宗鄭進興
口試日期:2014-06-26
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:C型鐵芯永磁磁通切換馬達多齒型永磁磁通切換馬達傳統永磁磁通切換馬達電動車表面型永磁馬達有限元素分析基因演算法
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本文提出三種應用於電動車(EV)之永磁磁通切換馬達設計,分別是C型鐵芯、多齒型和傳統永磁磁通切換馬達。在初始磁通切換馬達的設計中,提出其可行性的槽、極數組合與繞線步驟,並選擇電磁性能較佳的槽、極數組合。接著針對馬達的幾何結構,以靈敏度分析改善馬達轉矩與轉矩漣波。最後,本文使用遺傳基因演算法(GA)結合有限元素分析(FEA)進行最佳化設計,使轉矩漣波達到最小。
文中再將最佳化後的C型鐵芯、多齒型和傳統永磁磁通切換馬達等三種馬達與表面型永磁馬達在特性、銅及磁石用量做比較,探討以這三種磁通切換馬達其中之一取代表面型永磁馬達之可行性。

關鍵字:C型鐵芯永磁磁通切換馬達、多齒型永磁磁通切換馬達、傳統永磁磁通切換馬達、電動車、表面型永磁馬達、有限元素分析、基因演算法。
This thesis presents three types of flux-switching permanent magnet motors (FSPMs): 1) the C-core FSPM; 2) the Multi-tooth FSPM; and 3) the conventional FSPM designs for electric vehicle (EV) applications. In the initial design of the three types FSPM, the valid stator slot and rotor pole count combinations and a procedure for determining the winding layout are presented. To improve torque and torque ripple, a sensitivity analysis of the motor geometry is performed. Then, the genetic algorithms (GAs) coupled with finite element analysis (FEA) is used to the design optimization for torque ripple minimization.
By comparison of the C-core, Multi-tooth and conventional FSPMs with the surface-mounted permanent magnet motor (SPM) based on machine performance, the usage of the copper and magnet, the possible replacement of the SPM motor by one these of three types of FSPMs is investigated.

Keywords: C-core flux-switching permanent magnet motor, multi-tooth flux-switching permanent magnet motor, flux-switching permanent magnet motor, electric vehicle(EV), surface-mounted PM motor, finite element analysis, genetic algorithm.
頁次
致謝 i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 xi
縮寫及符號對照表 xiv
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 文獻研讀 4
1.3 論文貢獻 9
1.4 論文架構 10
第二章 電動車之表面型永磁馬達 11
2.1 表面型永磁馬達原理 12
2.1.1 永磁無刷馬達槽極數組合 13
2.2 繞組設計 14
2.2.1繞線設計步驟 14
2.2.2繞線設計範例 17
2.3 馬達設計流程與性能特性分析 19
2.3.1馬達特性分析 22
第三章 磁通切換馬達初始設計與原理 26
3.1 前言 26
3.2 永磁磁通切換馬達動作與原理 29
3.2.1馬達結構 30
3.3 槽極數的選擇 33
3.4 繞組設計 35
3.4.1繞線設計步驟與原理 37
3.4.2繞線設計範例 39
3.4.3繞組因數 47
3.5 馬達初始設計 49
3.6 不同轉子極數下的電磁初始輸出特性模擬 55
3.6.1頓轉轉矩 55
3.6.2反電動勢 57
3.6.3轉矩與轉矩漣波 60
3.7 結論 62
第四章 結構參數對馬達性能之影響 63
4.1 前言 63
4.2 弧極比 63
4.3 轉子槽深 66
4.4 轉子內齒部展開角 68
4.5 定子槽開口展開角 71
4.6 結論 75
第五章應用GA於磁通切換馬達最佳化設計 76
5.1 前言 76
5.2 馬達結構參數之建立 76
5.3 目標函數及限制式 78
5.4 參數篩選 79
5.5 特性分析與比較 81
5.6 結論 91
第六章 結論與建議 92
參考文獻 94
作者簡介 98
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[8]J. T. Chen, and Z. Q. Zhu, “Winding configurations and optimal stator and rotor pole combination of flux-switching PM brushless AC machines,” IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 293-302, Jun. 2010.
[9]J. B. Wang, and X. Yuan, “Design optimization of a surface-mounted permanent-magnet motor with concentrated windings for electric vehicle applications, ” IEEE Trans. on Vehicular Technology, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 1053–1065, Mar. 2013.
[10]Z. Q. Zhu, Y. Pang, J. T. Chen, Z. P. Xia, and D. Howe, “Influence of design parameters on output torque of flux-switching permanent magnet machines,” in Proc. IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conf., Sep. 2008, pp. 1–6.
[11]R. Cao, C. Mi, and M. Cheng, “Quantitative comparison of flux-switching permanent-magnet motors with interior permanent magnet motor for EV, HEV, and PHEV applications,” IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 2374-2384, Aug. 2012.
[12]李秉倫,「線性永磁電機之最佳化設計與分析」,逢甲大學電機工程所博士論文,2012年2月。
[13]F. Magnussen and C. Sadarangani, “Winding factors and joule losses of permanent magnet machines with concentrated windings,” in Proc. IEEE International Electric Machines and Drives Conf., IEMDC’03. Madison, USA. vol. 1, Jun. 2003, pp. 333-339.
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[15]鄭世平,「高性能無刷永磁馬達之設計實現」,逢甲大學電通所博士論文,2007年6月。
[16]W. Hua, M. Cheng, Z. Q. Zhu, and D. Howe, “Analysis and optimization of back emf waveform of a flux-switching permanent magnet motor,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 727-733, Sep. 2008.
[17]Z. Q. Zhu, J. T. Chen, Y. Pang, D. Howe, S. Iwasaki, and R. Deodhar, “Analysis of a novel multi-tooth flux-switching PM brushless AC machine for high torque direct-drive applications,” IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 44, no. 11, pp. 4313-431, Nov. 2008.
[18]R. L. Owen, Z. Q. Zhu, A. S. Thomas, G. W. Jewell, and D. Howe, “Fault-tolerant flux-switching permanent magnet brushless AC machines, ” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 1971–1981, Oct. 2009.
[19]J. T. Chen, Z. Q. Zhu, S. Iwasaki, and R. Deodhar, “Low cost flux-switching brushless AC machines,” in Proc. IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conf., Sep. 2010, pp. 1–6.
[20]A. S. Thomas, Z. Q. Zhu and G. W. Jewell, “Comparison of flux switching and surface mounted permanent magnet generators for high-speed applications,” IET Electr. Syst. Transp., vol. 1, Iss. 3, pp. 111–116, Apr. 2011.
[21]E. Sulaiman, T. Kosaka, N. Matsui, and M. Z. Ahmad, “Design improvement and performance analysis of 12slot-10pole permanent magnet flux switching machine with field excitation coils, ” in Proc.PEOCO &;#39;05. IEEE International, pp. 202-207, Jun. 2011.
[22]J. T. Chen, Z. Q. Zhu, S. Iwasaki, R. Deodhar, “A novel E-core flux-switching PM brushless AC machine for direct-drive applications,” IEEE Trans. Industry Applications, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 1273-1282, Jun. 2011.
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