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研究生:黃鼎鈞
研究生(外文):Huang, Ting-Chun
論文名稱:經濟成長與社會福利:租稅融通與貨幣融通的比較
論文名稱(外文):Economic Growth and Social Welfare: A Comparison of Tax Finance and Money Finance
指導教授:賴景昌賴景昌引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lai, Ching-Chong
口試委員:賴景昌黃俊傑金志婷
口試委員(外文):Lai, Ching-ChongHuang, Chun-chiehChin, Chi-Ting
口試日期:2014-07-17
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:經濟學系碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:經濟成長貨幣融通Barro命題社會福利租稅融通
外文關鍵詞:Economic Growthmoney financeBarro's PropositionWelfareTax Finance
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本文以Barro (1990)模型作基礎,將貨幣透過「進入生產函數」的觀點引進經濟體系,建立一個貨幣內生成長模型。依循Palivos and Yip(1995)的方法討論政府透過調整所得稅率(租稅融通)或調整名目貨幣供給增加率(貨幣融通)平衡公共建設支出對體系的動態安定性、經濟成長、通貨膨脹與社會福利的影響,以及檢測Barro命題在不同融通手段下是否成立。本文研究發現:(一)通貨膨脹與動態安定性都與平衡公共建設支出的融通手段有關:透過租稅融通只會使經濟體系發生通貨緊縮(deflation)且具有動態安定性;但透過貨幣融通下,也可能會發生通貨膨脹(inflation),並可能出現「非確定解(indeterminacy)」。(二)不同融通方式會影響Barro命題(Barro’s Proposition)的成立:在租稅融通體系下,Barro命題依然成立,但在貨幣融通體系下,則會推翻Barro命題。
This paper, based on Barro(1990)-type endogenous growth model, develops a model to introduce the role of money into a production function. Following Palivos and Yip (1995), the paper analyzes how government productive expenditures influence the dynamic stability, economic growth, inflation, and welfare in different methods of government expenditure financing, such as adjusting the income tax rate or changing the growth rate of nominal money; and re-examines whether the Barro's proposition holds true under different financing methods. The paper produces two major findings. First, deflation and indeterminacy are closely related to financing tools that maintain a balanced budget: under tax financing, the increase of expenditure causes deflation, and the equilibrium can achieve dynamic stability, but under money financing, the increase of expenditure-output ration can cause either inflation or deflation, but the equilibrium may produce indeterminacy. Second, different financing methods show divergent results to the Barro’s Proposition: Barro proposition is valid under tax financing while it is not under money financing.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 文獻回顧 2
第三節 本文架構 6
第二章 理論模型 7
第一節 代表性個人 7
第二節 中央銀行與政府 10
第三節 一般均衡 11
第三章 租稅融通 14
第一節 均衡與動態 14
第二節 經濟成長 22
第三節 社會福利 24
第四章 貨幣融通 27
第一節 均衡與動態 27
第二節 經濟成長 35
第三節 社會福利 39
第五章 結論 42
附錄A 43
附錄B 44
參考文獻 46

一、中文部分:
賴景昌(2007), 總體經濟學, 三版.
賴景昌, 貨幣與內生成長, 未出版講義.
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