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研究生:沈芬安
研究生(外文):SHEN,FEN-AN
論文名稱:消費外部性、公共資本與內生成長
論文名稱(外文):Consumption Externality,Public Capital and Endogenous Growth
指導教授:黃俊傑黃俊傑引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang,Chun-chieh
口試委員:黃俊傑張俊仁謝智源
口試委員(外文):Huang,Chun-chiehChang,Juin-jenHsieh,Jhy-yuan
口試日期:2014-07-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:經濟學系碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:45
中文關鍵詞:消費外部性公共資本內生成長
外文關鍵詞:Consumption ExternalityPublic CapitalEndogenous Growth
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本文將政府支出視為存量變數的公共資本,並引入Dupor and Liu(2003)的消費外部性設計,建立一個勞動內生化且納入消費外部性因子的內生成長模型,在這個架構下,探討政府的財政政策(所得稅率及消費稅率的調節)及消費外部性對於經濟成長率和社會福利的影響。研究結果發現,所得稅率提高對經濟成長及社會福利有不確定的影響,而Barro(1990)有關「成長表現最佳確保總體的福利水準最佳」的結論,在本文中將會成立。消費稅率的提高有助於經濟成長,但對社會福利產生不利的影響。隨著消費外部性的增加,經濟成長率增加,但不利於社會福利。
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究動機……………………………………………………………… 1
第二節 文獻回顧……………………………………………………………… 3
第三節 論文架構……………………………………………………………… 7
第二章 理論模型………………………………………………………………… 8
第一節 模型設定……………………………………………………………… 8
第二節 體系的動態特質………………………………………………………12
第三章 比較靜態分析……………………………………………………………18
第一節 政府政策變動效果……………………………………………………18
第二節 消費外部性對經濟成長的影響………………………………………21
第四章 福利分析…………………………………………………………………22
第一節 所得稅率變動效果……………………………………………………24
第二節 消費稅率變動效果……………………………………………………29
第三節 消費外部性變動效果…………………………………………………33
第五章 結論………………………………………………………………………37
附錄一 ……………………………………………………………………………39
附錄二 ……………………………………………………………………………40
參考文獻 …………………………………………………………………………42
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