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研究生:游家豪
研究生(外文):Yu, Chia-Hao
論文名稱:以智慧型手機設計與實作計步量測和跌倒偵測系統與語音互動功能
論文名稱(外文):Design and Implementation of a Walking Step Measurement System and a Fall Detection Monitor System with a Voice Interaction Function for Smartphones
指導教授:白英文白英文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bai, Ying-Wen
口試委員:洪茂盛葉佐任白英文
口試委員(外文):Horng, Maw-shengYeh, Tso-zenBai, Ying-Wen
口試日期:2014-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:智慧型手機跌倒偵測計步偵測語音功能
外文關鍵詞:SmartphoneFall DetectionPedometer DetectionVoice Interaction Function
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本論文利用智慧型手機內部的三軸加速度感測器來設計與實作一計步與跌倒偵測系統。除了針對計步與跌倒的行為進行加速度圖形的分析外,更進一步對日常生活中常見的行為動作做相對應的加速度圖形比較,取得符合計步與跌倒的特徵值。另外,本論文還有語音互動、全球定位系統與運動量資訊的功能,語音互動用於當偵測到跌倒時,設定短暫時間並詢問使用者是否需要緊急通報,並提供使用者以手觸或是語音回覆,當倒數計時完畢且無回應則立即通報並傳送相關資訊,全球定位系統功能則是提供使用者發生意外時的相關位置資訊,方便救護人員以及親屬能以最短的時間內找到使用者,且透過計步搭配全球定位系統所提供的相關訊息,利用數學公式計算給予運動量資訊。本系統以智慧型手機為基礎進行開發實作,因此本系統有攜帶方便的特性。
In this paper we use a smartphone with three-axis accelerometer to design and implement a monitoring system to detect falls and measure walking steps. Measure walking steps is use a multiple judgment method to improve the accuracy of measuring walking and running steps. We also analyze the acceleration waveform include the motion common behavior in daily life to improve the accuracy of detect falls. As well as voice interaction function, global positioning systems and exercise information. If there is indeed an accident. Voice interaction function would ask if the user needs help, and allow the user to respond to the question either by speaking to the phone or by pressing a designated area on the screen. This design can make calls, and send SMS (Short Message Service) with an address converted from the GPS (Global Positioning System) latitude and longitude data. Convenient ambulance personnel or family can find user in the shortest time. And we use the mathematical formulas for calculating the amount of exercise information. Our system is the basis for the smartphone, so the system has a convenient carrying characteristics.
目錄 頁次
摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
專有名詞表 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 1
1.3 相關研究綜覽 2
1.4 論文架構 5
第二章 系統平台架構與開發環境介紹 7
2.1 關於Android優點 7
2.2 Android系統平台架構 8
2.2.1 Android應用程式組成元件 10
2.3 Android開發環境安裝與設定 11
第三章 跌倒與計步偵測系統設計與語音互動建構 14
3.1 三軸加速度感測器原理 14
3.2 三軸加速度感測器與三維空間關係 14
3.3 日常生活中常見的行為姿態 18
3.4 跌倒偵測系統架構 22
3.4.1 跌倒偵測系統演算法設計 23
3.4.2 跌倒偵測系統流程 24
3.5 確認生理異常流程 25
3.6 計步偵測系統架構 25
3.6.1 計步偵測系統演算法設計 26
3.6.2 計步偵測系統流程 29
3.7 適應性門檻值 30
3.7.1 適應性門檻值演算法 31
3.8 語音互動系統架構 33
3.8.1 語音互動系統流程 34
3.8.2 語音互動功能 35
第四章 全球定位系統與經緯度距離轉換 37
4.1 關於定位 37
4.2 全球定位系統應用 38
4.3 Haversine公式 38
4.4 Vincenty公式 39
4.5 Haversine與Vincenty距離公式驗證 43
4.6 Vincenty距離公式量測 50
第五章 運動量管理 51
5.1 生理數值計算 51
5.2 運動量計算流程 53
第六章 結論與未來發展 55
6.1 研究成果與比較 55
6.1.1 跌倒偵測準確度 56
6.1.2 計步偵測準確度 57
6.1.3 語音辨識準確度 58
6.2 使用者介面 59
6.3 應用程式耗電量評估 60
6.4 結論 61
6.5 未來研究方向 61
參考文獻 62
附錄 68

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