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研究生:阮仲禮
研究生(外文):Nguyen Trong Le
論文名稱:Prospects for sustainable solid waste management in Tan Phu District - Ho Chi Minh city, VietNam
論文名稱(外文):Prospects for sustainable solid waste management in Tan Phu District - Ho Chi Minh city, VietNam
指導教授:莊德豐莊德豐引用關係
指導教授(外文):Der-Fong Juang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:美和科技大學
系所名稱:生技科技系健康產業碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:醫管學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:...
外文關鍵詞:Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)landfillbioreactorsustainable solid waste management
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In many Asian cities, private or public systems are only able to collect between 30 to 50 percent of solid waste and many dispose waste in ways that are detrimental to the environment. Solid waste management is a complex task which depends as much upon organization and cooperation between households, communities, private enterprises and government as it does upon recycling and disposal. The conventional view is that either private or public management is the most efficient system, irrespective of the nature of the resource, or the socioeconomic condition of the people. However, because local governments lack the appropriate financial, technical and human resources, they are neither able nor willing to manage these systems. So we try to make the living environmental much better and clean.
In many Asian cities, private or public systems are only able to collect between 30 to 50 percent of solid waste and many dispose waste in ways that are detrimental to the environment. Solid waste management is a complex task which depends as much upon organization and cooperation between households, communities, private enterprises and government as it does upon recycling and disposal. The conventional view is that either private or public management is the most efficient system, irrespective of the nature of the resource, or the socioeconomic condition of the people. However, because local governments lack the appropriate financial, technical and human resources, they are neither able nor willing to manage these systems. So we try to make the living environmental much better and clean.
Contents
Aknowledgements
1Abstract
2Contents
3Tables
6Figures

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Overview.………..……………………………………………………….………….8
1.2 Research jective.…………………………………………………….…………........9
1.3 Reseaarch content..…………………………………….…………………….………9
1.4 The scope of research...……………………………….……………………………..9
1.5 Research methods.………………...…………………….………………….………10
1.6 Science signification on reality.………………………….…..……………....…….10

CHAPTER II: LECTERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Definition and classification of solid waste.…..………………………….…...……11
2.1.1 Basic Concept on solid waste.……………………...……………………..…...11
2.1.2. Solid waste origin……………………………………………….……….....…11
2.1.3 Mechanism of solid waste.…………………………………..………...............13
2.1.4. Solid waste components:….……………………………………………..…....16
2.1.5 The nature of solid waste.……………………………………….…....….........18
2.2. Environmental pollution by solid waste.………..…………………………..……..25
2.2.1 Water environment.……………………………………….................………..25
2.2.2 Environmental air.……………………………………………………………..26
2.2.3 Soil environment.………………………….…….….……………….………...26
2.2.4 Human health.………………………………………..………………………...27
2.3. Current solid waste management conditions in Viet Nam and the world…………28
2.3.1 The Zero Waste Policy for Municipal Solid Waste in Taiwan..……………....28
2.3.2 Waste management in Nuremberg – Germany…………………………...……35
2.3.3 Solid waste management in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.……………..……..36
a.The curently waste emission condition in Ho Chi Minh city……………....….36
b. Sources and emission garbage components mainly in HCM city.…………....37
c. Currently status management organization.………………………………..…38
d. Collecting and transporting.………………………………………….............39
e. The current status of treatment technologies.…………………………..…….42
2.3.4. Engineering principles in managing solid waste……………………….……..42
2.3.5 Solutions to control solid waste pollution………………………………..……50
a.Physical process…………………………………………………………….….50
b. Chemical process………………………………...……………………………51
2.3.6 Some waste treatment Technology in Viet Nam……...……………………….53
a.Technology Dano SYSTEM…………………………………………………...53
b. Technology Solid waste treatment plant in Cau Dien organic Pregnancy……55
c. Technology Quality solid waste treatment plant living in Viet Tri mechanism of variable-approved waste……………………………………………………....57


CHAPTER III: CONTENT AND RESEARCH METHODS

3.1 Content…..……………………………………………………………………...….59
3.2 Researching Method…………………………………………………………….....60

CHAPTER IV: RESEARCH RESULTS

4.1. General Introduction about Tan Phu district:…………………………….……..…63
4.1.1 Natural Conditions:……………………………………………………….....…63
4.1.2Economic situation – social…………………………………………………….66
4.2. Current status solid waste management activities at Tan Phu District:………...….69
4.2.1 Management Systems ………………………………………………….….......69
4.2.2. The origin of solid waste generation living in Tan Phu district………………71
4.2.3 Weight and composition county solid waste activities Tan Phu.. …………….72
4.2.4. Current status collection system………………………………………………73
4.2.5 Current status secondary transfer system and transportation………………….79
4.2.6 Regeneration, recycling….…………………………………………………….82
4.2.7 Current status of treatment... ………………………………………………….82
4.2.8 The state of sorting at source…………………….…………………………….82
4.3 Evaluation of the current system of solid waste management activities in Tan Phu distric…………………………………………………………………………..84
4.4 Interpreting variables forecast activity of garbage waste in Tan Phu district to the year 2030.……………………………………………………………………..…..85
4.4.1 Based forecast:…………………………………………………………..……..85
4.4.2 Forecasting volume…………………………………………………………….85
4.4.3 Forecast impact on the environment…………………………….……………..89
4.5 Proposed solutions to the sustainable management of solid waste activities in the
district of Tan Phu………………………………………………………………….91
4.5.1 Administrative management…………………………………………………..91
4.5.2 Technical Management………………………………………………………..97

CHAPTER V: CONCLUSIONS AND SOLUTIONS

5.1 Conclusions……………………………...………………………………………..107
5.2 Petition…………………………………………………………………………….108
REFERENCES……………………………………………………….………...……..109

REFERENCES
I. Documents in the country:
1. Le Huy Ba, 2000 - City National University Publishing House Environment. Ho Chi Minh City.
2. Le Huy Ba, 2000 - Natural Resources, Environment and Sustainable Development. Science and Technology Publishing House.
3. Traàn Hieáu Nhueä, ÖÙng Quoác Duõng and Nguyeãn Thò Kim Thaùi, 2001. Solid waste management, Group 1: urban solid waste. Publisher construction..
4. Nguyen Van Phuoc, Curriculum Management of solid waste.
5. Journal of Practice Seminar "Management of solid waste thhaonh Ho Chi Minh City", 2002.
6. Pham Ngoc Dang, 2000. Environmental management of urban and industrial zones. Publisher construction.
7. The directory statistics - Tan Phu District, 2010
8. Practice management Solid Waste, Section 1, Project training Vietnam - Australia, 2002.
9. Report "Originally classified research projects garbage at source" (HCMC Department of Natural Resources),
10. Lam Minh Triet, Le Thanh Hai, 2008. Curriculum hazardous waste management. Publisher construction.
11. www.nea.gov.vn.
12. www.sotainguyenmt.tphcm.gov.vn
13. http://www.tanphu.hochiminhcity.gov.vn
14. http://www.hochiminhcity.gov.vn

II. Foreign material:
1. Soon-Ching Ho, Shou-Chien Lee, and Ying-Ying Lai - Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan, Taiwan - 41, Section 1, Chung-Hwa Rd., - Taipei 10042, Taiwan
2. The Review and Prospect of Municipal Solid Waste Treatment: Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration, 2003.
3. Hsiung-Wen Chen; Harvey Houng, Toward a Zero Waste Society in Taiwan; Waste Management and the Environment II, WIT Press, pp 509-518, Dec. 2004, ISBN 1-85312-738-8
4. Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration Home Page. See http://www.epa.gov.tw
5. Hoornweg, D., Thomas, L., 1999. What a Waste: Solid waste management in Asia. Urban and Local Government Working Paper Series No. 1, The World Bank, Washington, DC.
6. Rushbrook, P., Pugh, M., 1999. Solid Waste Landfills in Middle- and Lower-Income Countries: A Technical Guide to Planning, Design and Operation. World Bank Technical Paper No. 426, Washington, DC.
7. Mockler, M., 1998. Community-based solid waste management in Indonesia. Background Paper for World Bank Jakarta.
8. Selvam, P., 1996. A Review of Indian Experiences in Composting of Municipal Solid Wastes and a Case Study on Private Sector on Private Sector Participation. Conference of Recycling Waste for Agriculture: The Rural-Urban Connection. September 23, 24. Washington, D.C.
9. UNEP, 1996. International Source Book on Environmentally Sound Technologies for Municipal Solid Waste Management: IECT Technical Publication Series 6. New York.
10. Dalla Torre, C., 1992. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries: Problems and Issues: Need for Future Research.No. 26. SANDEC publication. Switzerland.
11. http://ivy5.epa.gov.tw/epalaw/.
12. http://www.entrepreneur.com/tradejournals/article/146749830.html
13. http://www.meiho.edu

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