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研究生:那培農
研究生(外文):Non Naprathansuk
論文名稱:重新審視泰國民主:論社會媒體對政治運動的影響
論文名稱(外文):Rethinking Thai democracy: the impact of social media on political movements in time of political conflict
指導教授:陳敦源陳敦源引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Don Yun
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:亞太研究英語博士學位學程(IDAS)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:238
中文關鍵詞:泰國民主社會媒體政治運動
外文關鍵詞:Thailanddemocracysocial mediapoliticalmovementsconflict
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重新審視泰國民主:論社會媒體對政治運動的影響
Thailand has experienced political instability since 2005 until present.
The political conflict has divided people into two factions, the supporters and the
opponents. First faction is the United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship (UDD).
On the other side, the political movements of the anti-government faction are led by the
People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD) and People’s Democratic Reform Committee
(PDRC).
Social media such as Facebook, Line and YouTube have become the
new tools for communication which are used to create change in social movements and
political movements around the world. The new tools have revolutionized the social
movements’paradigm and theory.
This research thus aimed to study social media by focusing on the
relationship between Facebook platform and Thai political movements. Both qualitative
and quantitative methodologies were applied in this research as the tool to find an
answer of the main question. The total amount of 1,500 survey questionnaire samples
were distributed to respondents nationwide, and Pearson’s chi-squared test was applied
to examine the relationship between social media (Facebook) and political movements.
Finally, a result of the study showed that Thai people had different
democratic ideologies, and that conflict of ideas had been accumulated and turned into
the bedrock of political turmoil in this era. Moreover, it was found that Facebook was
an amplifier, connector, and accelerator for political movement. Having Facebook as
the new communication tool, Thai people in the society were encouraged to participate
political movements rather than individual group or class movement presented in Thai
history before. Social media such as Facebook linked cyber space and public space
together through the new method of idea and information distribution and people
mobilization. This motivated citizen to demonstrate on stress occupying government
buildings and department stores. Therefore, political reconciliation should be concerned
with democracy from the Thai society perspective rather than the Western one.
ABSTRACT i
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iii
LIST OF TABLES vi
LIST OF FIGURES ix
ABBRIVIATIONS x
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 State of The Problem 1
1.2 Research Objectives 5
1.3 Research Questions 5
1.4 Research Hypothesizes 6
1.5 Scope of Study 6
1.6 Conceptual Framework 7
1.7 Significance and Contribution of The Research 7
1.8 Definition 8
CHAPTER II: LITERATURE REVIEW 9
2.1 Key Study Concept 9
2.2 Key Relationship 19
2.3.1 Political Movement in Social Movement 19
2.3.2 Political Participation and E-Participation 32
2.3.3 Democracy and E-Democracy 35
CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 48
3.1 Introduction 48
3.2 Research Approach and Design 48
3.3 Data Collection 50
3.4 Population Sampling 51
3.5 Data Analysis 54
3.6 Margin of Error 58
iv
Pages
CHAPTER IV: A COMPARISON OF POLITICAL MOVEMENTS
SINCE 2005-2013 59
4.1 Introduction 59
4.2 Politics in Thai Democracy and Political System 61
4.3 Facing Political System Dilemma 71
4.4 Political Participation and Political Movements in Social Media:
A Revolution of Social Movements 79
4.5 Conclusion 88
CHAPTER V: RESEARCH RESULTS 92
5.1 Introduction 92
5.2 Research Results 93
5.2.1 The analysis on demographic variable and other variables 93
5.2.2 The Analysis of respondent habit on social media 101
5.2.3 Cross tabulation between demographics and social media
(Facebook platform) 106
5.2.4 Social media and political movement in Thailand 109
5.2.5 Cross tabulation between demographics and political
participation 122
5.2.6 Respondents and democracy 125
5.2.7 Cross tabulation between demographics and democracy 130
5.2.8 The analysis of a correlation results between social media
and political movement in Thailand 133
5.3 Conclusion 144
v
Pages
CHAPTER VI: CONCLUSIONS 149
6.1 Conclusion 149
6.2 Discussion 154
6.3 Suggestion 167
REFERENCES 169
APPENDIX 188
Appendix I Interview Questions 189
Appendix II Survey Questionairs 191
Appendix III Interview Questions (Thai Language) 197
Appendix IV Thai Political Timeline2005-2013 205
Appendix V The People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD) VS,
United Front for Democracy Against
Deictatorship (UDD) 220
Appendix VI Summary of Political Movements in
Thailand 2005-2013 222
Appendix VII Code Book 224
Appendix VIII List of Interviewees 236
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