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研究生(外文):Sissokho, Oumie
指導教授(外文):Chang, Wen Yang
系所名稱:國際研究英語碩士學位學程 (IMPIS)
外文關鍵詞:ChinaWomenElite politics/institutionsPolitical participationChinese Communist Party
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Women’s participation in politics is an important requirement for gender equality. China’s economic reform has brought massive improvements in the social and economic sectors of the country. However, the regime’s monopoly of power, political culture and economic reasons in combination with other socio-cultural factors has resulted to continuous domination of women in China’s political life. This study has employed a secondary research approach in combination with a reasonable data quantity covering 1977 to 2013 on the presence of women in selected top political institutions. The study finds out that women are under-represented across the political board but worst in top government (elite) and party institutions. This means that, at the state level, politics remains a domain for men and there exist a stern masculine monopoly over party institutions also. Where women are genuinely found, such as the parliament, their presence only serves as a source of meeting an important global or domestic requirement in the interest of the Chinese Communist Party than a true sense of gender equality or exercise of an equal right (between men and women) in determining the affairs of their society.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements ii
Dedication iii
List of acronyms and abbreviations ……………………………………………………………………………………………… iii
List of tables and graphs……………….………………………………………………………………………………………………. iv
Chapter 1 1
Introduction 1
Organization of research 5
Methodology 7
Justifications and questions 7
Limitations 9
Overview of women’s political status from a global perspective 9
Overview of women’s political status from a Chinese perspective 13
Chapter 2 16
Literature review 16
Factors that shaped women’s political position in china…………………………………………………………………………………….16
Chapter 3 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 37
Section 1 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 38
The social and Economic Status of Women since the reform ………………………………………………………………………. 38
Section 2 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 42
The Fourth World Conference on Women (FWCW) and Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 42
Chapter 4 50
The participation of women in state institutions 50
Chapter 5 77
The Participation of women in party institutions 77
Chapter 6 94
Conclusion 94
Findings……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 94
Policy suggestions …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………100
Research implications, weaknesses and further work ………………………….……………………………………………………….. 105
Bibliography 107

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