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研究生:陸正育
研究生(外文):Cheng-YuLu
論文名稱:基於車載網路技術的協同式號誌控制系統用於區域路網以最佳化CO2排放與燃油消耗
論文名稱(外文):A VANET-based Coordinated Signal Control System in a Local Network for Minimizing CO2 Emissions and Fuel Consumption
指導教授:李威勳李威勳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wei-Hsun Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:交通管理科學系
學門:運輸服務學門
學類:運輸管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:車載網路適應性號誌控制系統燃油消耗二氧化碳排放
外文關鍵詞:VANETAdaptive Traffic Signal Control SystemFuel consumptionCO2 emission
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全球暖化逐漸受到各國重視,如何減少溫室氣體的排放已經成為一項挑戰。許多的溫室氣體產生自運輸系統,其中又一大部分來自於效率不彰的號誌控制所導致的交通壅塞現象。一個合適的交通號誌控制能夠降低燃油消耗與溫室氣體排放,進而做到環境保護。
本論文研究重點放在降低燃油消耗與溫室氣體排放。為了達成這項目的,需要提出一個適應性號誌控制系統,並且該系統能夠接近真實的駕駛者心理,如:穩定的時相時間以及固定的時相順序,確保駕駛者的安全。
本研究提出一個車載網路技術為基礎的協同式適應性號誌控制系統(VCSC)。VCSC系統內含有PUD演算法。PUD演算法透過V2R與R2R方式所蒐集的資料來決策最佳號誌時制計劃。並透過Rockwell Arena模擬軟體實作並測量VCSC系統的效能。
經過模擬實驗後,於3*3的路網情況下,實驗結果顯示燃油消耗有效降低,然而卻造成較差的CO2排放。在1*3的路網情境,VCSC系統展現有效地降低了燃油消耗與CO2排放。

As the global warming issue is gaining more and more attentions, how to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gas is a big challenge. Lot of greenhouse gas is coming from transportation system and most of it is coming from a congested traffic situation due to an inefficient traffic signal control. A suitable traffic signal control can reduce the fuel consumption and greenhouse emissions.
This paper focuses on reduce both fuel consumption and emissions of intersection. In order to reduce vehicles’ fuel consumption and emissions, an adaptive traffic signal control system which is closer to drivers’ psychology, such as stable green time and fixed phase sequence, has been proposed.
In this paper, a VANET-based coordinated signal control model which focuses on the reduction of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions is proposed. And used Rockwell Arena simulation software to measure our VCSC system’s performance.
After the experiment, in the case of 3*3 network, the simulation result shows that fuel consumption reduced better than FPA(Fairness Provisioning Algorithm). However, the CO2 emission performance is not satisfactory. In the case of 1*3 network, the simulation result shows that the proposed VCSC system is outperformed to the traditional coordination signal control models, both in fuel consumption and CO2 emission.

中文摘要 ii
Abstract iii
誌謝 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 6
1.3 研究目的 10
1.4 研究流程 11
第二章 文獻探討 15
2.1車載網路(VANET) 16
2.2 車輛氣體排放與燃油消耗 18
2.3交通號誌控制策略 19
2.4 小結 21
第三章 基於車載網路技術的協同式號誌控制系統(VCSC) 23
3.1 車輛資訊收集 24
3.2 路口效能最佳化 28
3.3 三階段動態車流預測、偏誤修正與時比決策演算法 (PUD) 31
3.3.1 預測階段(Predict) 36
3.3.2 修正階段(Update) 39
3.3.3 決策階段(Decide) 41
3.4 車輛燃油消耗與CO2排放 45
第四章 基於車載網路技術的協同式號誌控制系統實驗 47
4.1 實驗環境 47
4.1.1 實驗設計-小型區域路網(FPA vs. VCSCS) 48
4.1.2 實驗設計-連續路口(連鎖號誌控制 vs. VCSC) 53
第五章 結論與建議 56
5.1 結論 56
5.2 未來展望 56
參考文獻 58
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