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研究生:吳明珊
研究生(外文):Ming-shan Wu
論文名稱:用於行動上網裝置之智慧型陣列天線
論文名稱(外文):Smart Antenna Array for Mobile Internet Application
指導教授:林祐生林祐生引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yo-shen Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:智慧型陣列天線
外文關鍵詞:Smart Antenna Array
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本論文主要開發應用在行動通訊產品上的智慧型陣列天線,以提升傳輸效能與系統抗干擾能力,並擇定2.4 GHz為設計中心頻率,係為各國通用的ISM頻段,相關應用包括無線區域網路(IEEE 802.11b / IEEE 802.11g)、藍芽、ZigBee等。
現今行動裝置多採用單一全向性天線,是為了因應訊號可能來自不同方向,但同時也接收了各方向的干擾訊號,且資料的傳輸效能也無法達成最佳化。為了有效的接收特定來源的訊號,我們引用了陣列天線,透過改變各天線輸入的相位,進而使陣列天線輻射的主波瓣有掃描的效果,以達到訊號集中接收且抗干擾的目的。
本論文以2×2矩形貼片陣列天線製作於200 mm ×137.5 mm大小之印刷電路板上,藉由相位偏移器來改變各天線輸入的相位,實現出具有東西南北指向的陣列天線。實測之各指向阻抗頻寬(反射損耗10 dB)約為4.6 %,增益約為1 dBi,半功率波束寬度約為50度。可安置於7.9吋以上平板電腦之背板,達成提昇傳輸效能與抗干擾能力之效果。

The target of this study is to develop a smart antenna array for mobile communication application, so as to improve the transmission efficiency and interference suppression. The center frequency of 2.4 GHz is chosen, which is one of the ISM band (Industrial Scientific Medical Band) and is commonly used for WLAN (IEEE 802.11b / IEEE 802.11g), Bluetooth, and ZigBee applications.
Most of the conventional antenna designs for mobile application are omnidirectional ones because the signal may come from any direction. However, this does not lead to optimal data transmission performance and the antenna will also receive interferences from all directions. Since the wanted signal comes from a particular direction only, we propose an antenna array for mobile devices, in which the relative phases of the antenna elements are varied in a way that the main beam of the radiation pattern can be set to the desired direction with suppression of undesired interferences from other directions.
This work employs a 2×2 patch antenna planar array on a PCB (printed circuit board) size of 200 mm ×137.5 mm, which is about the size of a 7.9 inch tablet. The relative phase of the antenna feed is controlled by digital phase shifters. The main beam of proposed antenna array can be set to four directions, which are the east, west, south, and north sides. The measured bandwidth for 10 dB return loss is about 4.6%, with a peak gain of 1 dBi and a HPBW (half-power beam width) of about 50 degree. It can be applied to the back of tablet of size larger than 7.9 inch for improving the transmission efficiency and interference suppression.


摘要 . i
Abstract . i
致謝 . i
圖目錄 . iv
第一章 緒論 . 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 . 1
1.2 文獻回顧 . 2
1.3 章節介紹 . 5
第二章 陣列天線之模組建立 6
2.1 線性陣列 (Linear Array) 6
2.2 矩形陣列 (Planar Array) 10
2.3 圓形陣列 (Circular Array) 12
2.4 陣列的選擇與評估 . 16
第三章 天線單元之設計與評估 18
3.1 二分之一波長偶極天線 (Half-wave Dipole Antenna) . 18
3.2 矩形貼片天線 (Patch Antenna) 20
3.3 平面倒F 形天線 (Planar Inverted F Antenna, PIFA) 22
3.4 三種天線的矩形陣列之評估與比較 24
第四章 智慧型陣列天線系統設計與實作 . 25
4.1 2 × 2 矩形貼片陣列天線設計 . 25
4.1.1 2 × 2 矩形貼片陣列天線初步設計 . 25
4.1.2 饋入網路(Feeding Network)設計 . 31
4.1.3 實作與量測 32
4.2 相位偏移器 (Phase Shifter) 34
4.3 2×2 智慧型陣列天線系統設計 . 47
4.3.1 參考相位(Reference Phase)之量測結果 . 50
4.3.2 東方指向之量測結果 . 52
4.3.3 西方指向之量測結果 . 54
4.3.4 南方指向之量測結果 . 56
4.3.5 北方指向之量測結果 . 58
4.4 結果之討論 . 60
第五章 結論與未來發展 62
參考文獻 . 64
附錄一 線性陣列因數組程式碼. 66
附錄二 矩型陣列因數模組程式碼 . 68
附錄三 圓型陣列因數模組程式碼 . 70
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[2]. J. Kwon, D. Kim, Y. Lee, and J. Choi, “Design of a MIMO Antenna for USB Dongle Application Using Common Grounding,” Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), Feb. 13~16, 2011.
[3]. S.-W. Su, C.-T. Lee, and F.-S. Chang, “Printed MIMO-Antenna System Using Neutralization-Line Technique for Wireless USB-Dongle Applications,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 60, no. 2, Feb. 2012.
[4]. S. C. K. Ko, and R. D. Murch, “Compact Integrated Diversity Antenna for Wireless Communications,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 49, no. 6, Jun. 2001.
[5]. R. G. Vaughan and J. B. Andersen, “Antenna Diversity in Mobile Communications,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. VT-36, pp. 147–172, Nov. 1987.
[6]. C.-C. Chang, T.-Y. Chin, J.-C. Wu, and S.-F. Chang, “Novel Design of a 2.5-GHz Fully Integrated CMOS Butler Matrix for Smart-Antenna Systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 56, no. 8, Aug. 2008.
[7]. R. Han, R. Sun, “Analysis of the Smart Antenna Technology in Future Mobile Communication Systems,” Science &; Technology Information, no. 33, pp. 86-87, November 2008.
[8]. C. Sun, J. Cheng, and T. Ohira, Handbook on advancements in smart antenna technologies for wireless networks, Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, 2009.
[9]. R. A. Bhatti, S. Yi, and S.-O. Park, “Compact Antenna Array With Port Decoupling for LTE-Standardized Mobile Phones,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 8, 2009.
[10]. A. Diallo, C. Luxey, P. L. Thuc, R. Straraj, and G. Kossiavas, “Study and Reduction of the Mutual Coupling Between Two Mobile Phone PIFAs Operating in the DCS1800 and UMTS Bands,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 54, no. 11, Nov. 2006.
[11]. M. G. N. Alsath, M. Kanagasabai, and B. Balasubramanian, “Implementation of Slotted Meander-Line Resonators for Isolation Enhancement in Microstrip Paatch Antenna Arrays,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 12, 2013.
[12]. M. U. Afzal, A. A. Qureshi, M. A. Tarar, and T. Taqueer, “Modeling and Simulation of an X-band Planar Phased Array Antenna,” Microwave Conference Proceedings, 2011.
[13]. W.-R. Li, C.-Y. Chu, K.-H. Lin and S.-F. Chang, “Switched-beam antenna based on modified Butler matrix with low sidelobe level,” Electro. Lett., vol. 40, no. 5, Mar. 2004
[14]. T.-Y. Chin, S.-F. Chang, J.-C. Wu, and C.-C. Chang, “A 25-GHz Compact Low-Power

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