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研究生:詹彥信
研究生(外文):Yen-Hsin Chan
論文名稱:固態氧化物燃料電池使用甲烷燃氣之性能和電化學阻抗實驗研究
論文名稱(外文):An Experimental Study on Performance and Electrochemical Impedance of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells using Methane
指導教授:施聖洋
指導教授(外文):Shenqyang (Steven) Shy
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:機械工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:固態氧化物燃料電池鈕扣型陽極支撐全電池直接甲烷 燃氣碳沉積加濕效應電化學阻抗頻譜
外文關鍵詞:SOFCanode-supported button full celldirect methane operationcarbon depositionhumidificationelectrochemical impedance spectra
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
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本論文使用實驗室已建立之加壓型固態氧化物燃料電池(Solid Oxide
Fuel Cell, SOFC)鈕扣型實驗載具,量測分析陽極端使用甲烷燃氣所產生之
碳沉積效應,以及其對鈕扣型陽極支撐全電池性能曲線(I-V curve)與電化學
阻抗頻譜(Electrochemical Impedance Spectra, EIS)之影響。實驗條件為固定氣體流率(陽極CH4 + N2: 50 + 150 = 200 sccm 和陰極Air: 200 sccm),在溫度 750 oC 和壓力1 atm,分別使用加濕(約3% H2O)與未加濕陽極甲烷燃氣,並分別量測其I-V curve 與EIS,以探討加濕效應對碳沉積之影響。在固定負 載條件下(0.8 V),持續量測電池性能16 小時 (每隔2 小時量測一次,共9次含開始第一次量測),以探討在固定負載條件下之電池操作時間對碳沉積對和電池性能的影響。在進行前述碳沉積實驗前,於陽極端先通入氫氣(H2:
200 sccm),並量測其性能和EIS,以作為碳沉積實驗之基本比較數據。並且,
在碳沉積實驗後,以氫氣還原法,通入氫氣取代陽極甲烷/氮燃氣,以探討
碳沉積是否可以被還原?以及其對電池性能有何影響?最後,使用掃描式
電子顯微鏡- 微區元素分析儀(Scanning Electron Microscope - EnergyDispersive Spectrometry, SEM-EDX),來分析驗證使用甲烷燃氣的電池碳沉積現象。實驗結果顯示可知,使用加濕甲烷燃氣能明顯降低EIS 之極化阻抗,並且有效地提高電池性能。例如:在750 oC 和0.7 V 條件下,使用未
加濕甲烷燃氣的功率密度為130 mW/cm2,而使用加濕甲烷燃氣的功率密度
ii則可被提升至256 mW/cm2。由SEM-EDX 針對陽極支撐全電池片所拍攝之
微觀照片,確認使用甲烷燃氣的電池片有碳沉積現象之存在。本研究結果,
應有助於進一步地了解SOFC 使用天然氣(甲烷)為陽極燃氣,所形成碳沉積
之現象,及其對SOFC 電化學反應機制之影響,這對未來SOFC 產業之建
立和推廣應有所助益。
A high-pressure solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) experimental setup, which has been established in our laboratory, was used to measure and analyze the impact of carbon deposition on an anode-supported button full cell when using methane as a fuel in the anode based on power generating characteristics and electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) measurements of the button full cell. All experiments were conducted at constant flow rates (CH4 + N2: 50 + 150 = 200 sccm in anode and air: 200 sccm in cathode) and at fixed
temperature (750 oC) and pressure (1 atm). Both humidified (about 3 % H2O added) and nonhumidified methane fuels were applied. By comparing their measured current-voltage curves
(I-V curve) and EIS data, the influence of adding a small amount of water to the carbon deposition of SOFC may be investigated. To further analyze the effect of operation time on the carbon deposition, measurements at a constant voltage (0.8 V) were continuously taken for 16 hours (every two hours one measurement, total 9 measurements including the first starting measurement). Before starting the carbon deposition experiment, we used hydrogen (H2: 200 sccm) in the anode to measure the button full cell’s I-V curves and EIS that served as a baseline data. After the completion of the carbon deposition measurements, hydrogen (H2: 200 sccm in anode) was again used to see whether the carbon deposition could be reduced and what happened to the cell performance. In the end of experiment, we applied the Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive Spectrometry (SEM-EDX) to examine whether the carbon deposition did occur in the aforesaid anode-supported button full cell when methane was used. Results show that by adding a small amount of water into the fuel (humidified methane), the polarization resistance of EIS of the cell can be effectively decreased as compared to the case without humidification (non-humidified methane), resulting in a clear increase of the cell performance. For example, at 750 oC and 0.7 V, the power density for the case of humidified methane was 256 mW/cm2, while only 130 mW/cm2 for the case of non-humidified methane. Based on SEM-EDX micro-structure images, it is confirmed that the carbon deposition occurs in the present anode-supported button full cell. These results should be of help in understanding the carbon deposition phenomenon and its impact to the electrochemical mechanism of SOFC when using nature gas as the anode fuel. This may beuseful for the promotion of the application of SOFC.
摘 要 ................................................................................................................ i
Abstract ........................................................................................................... iii
致 謝 .............................................................................................................. iv
目 錄 ............................................................................................................... v
圖表目錄 ......................................................................................................... vii
符號說明 .......................................................................................................... ix
第一章前言 ....................................................................................................... 1
1.1 研究動機 ........................................................................................... 1
1.2 問題所在 ........................................................................................... 2
1.3 解決方法 ........................................................................................... 4
1.4 論文綱要 ........................................................................................... 4
第二章文獻回顧 ................................................................................................ 6
2.1 SOFC 之簡介 .................................................................................... 6
2.2 電化學阻抗頻譜 ............................................................................... 8
2.3 燃料電池之極化現象 ..................................................................... 11
2.3.1 歐姆極化 ............................................................................... 11
2.3.2 活化極化 ............................................................................... 11
2.3.3 濃度極化 ............................................................................... 11
2.4 SOFC 使用碳氫燃氣 ...................................................................... 12
vi
2.5 還原碳沉積與減少碳生成 ............................................................. 15
第三章實驗設備與量測方法 .......................................................................... 27
3.1 SOFC 高壓實驗測試平台 .............................................................. 27
3.2 實驗流程與量測操作參數設定 ...................................................... 29
第四章結果與討論 .......................................................................................... 36
4.1 使用不同燃氣對電池性能的影響 .................................................. 36
4.1.1 使用甲烷燃氣與氫氣對開迴路電壓之影響 ........................ 36
4.1.2 使用甲烷燃氣與氫氣對性能與阻抗頻譜之影響 ................ 37
4.2 加濕效應對陽極碳沉積現象的影響 .............................................. 38
4.2.1 加濕效應對陽極碳沉積之性能曲線分析 ............................ 38
4.2.2 加濕效應對陽極碳沉積之電化學組抗頻譜分析 ................ 39
4.3 氫氣還原法對改善陽極碳沉積的影響 .......................................... 41
4.4 加濕效應對SOFC 使用甲烷燃氣下SEM-EDX 之影響 ............. 43
第五章結論與未來工作 .................................. 57
5.1 結論 ............................................ 57
5.2 未來工作 ....................................... 58
參考文獻 ............................................ 59
附錄.............................................. 63
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