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研究生:高桂櫻
論文名稱:白菜之溫度馴化處理對高溫逆境恢復期的生理與多元胺含量之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of temperature acclimation on physiology and polyamine content during recovery from heat stress in Brassica rapa
指導教授:林忠毅林忠毅引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:生物學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:多元胺白菜馴化
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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Brassica rapa為溫帶十字花科蕓薹屬植物,在高溫下會導致生理及生長發育受到損害及產量降低。本實驗取萌芽第三天的白菜(Brassica rapa)幼苗,以EL50(electrolyte leakage 50 %)之41 ℃高溫處理2小時(高溫處理組)及預先39 ℃馴化處理2小時再置回22 ℃ 2小時,再以41 ℃高溫處理2小時(馴化處理組),隨後放回生長箱22 ℃中恢復2天,再分析其生理活性。控制組均置於22 ℃生長箱。恢復期的生理表現與控制組比較下,顯示高溫處理之電解質滲漏情形顯著最高,而在葉綠素a、b含量均與控制組無顯著差異。可溶性蛋白質含量方面,高溫處理組與馴化處理均與控制組無顯著差異。高溫處理組之可溶性糖含量比控制組及馴化組處理組為顯著較高。多元胺含量(Put及Spd)在馴化處理組為顯著低於控制組,而控制組與高溫處理組無顯著差異。然而在總抗氧化力的部分,清除DPPH自由基能力三組之間無差異,但在總還原力馴化處理組有顯著為高。進一步分析醣類代謝酵素SS及SPS的活性,在三組之間均無顯著差異。而α-Amylase活性在馴化處理及高溫處理有最高活性,顯著高於控制組。高溫處理前外加多元胺,雖對恢復期之電解質滲漏與外加多元合成胺抑制劑無顯著差異,但可溶性糖含量則多元胺處理組顯著低於多元胺合成抑制組。
根據上述實驗結果,高溫組在處理期間可能是以醣類來抵抗高溫逆境,所以在恢復期之可溶性糖及醣類代謝酵素有較高的趨勢。馴化處理組的總還原力及α-Amylase活性較高並且多元胺含量為最低,可能馴化處理組是經由抗氧化力的提升及多元胺所誘導保護機制對抗逆境,待2天恢復期過後α-Amylase開始作用並將其醣類使用於生長需求。

目錄
縮寫表 IV
摘要 V
Abstract VII
壹、前言 1
貳、前人研究 3
一、 多元胺(polyamine)在植物中的代謝與功能 3
二、 多元胺與環境逆境下的關係 7
三、 多元胺與高溫逆境的關係 9
四、 高溫馴化(acclimation)對植物的影響 10
五、 醣類代謝酵素 13
六、 高溫馴化與醣類代謝的關聯性 16
参、材料與方法 17
一、 實驗材料來源與培養方法 17
二、 試驗方法 17
(一) 建立高溫及馴化溫度 17
(二) 高溫及馴化處理與恢復期之生理分析 18
(三) 外加多元胺與多元胺抑制劑處理之生理分析 18
三、 生理活性分析方法 19
四、 統計分析方法 25
肆、 結果 26
一、 高溫逆境及馴化溫度處理之決定 26
二、 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗相關生理分析 29
(一) 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗電解質滲漏百分比、葉綠素含量變化之影響 29
(二) 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗可溶性蛋白質、可溶性糖含量之影響 34
(三) 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗多元胺含量之影響 38
(四) 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗抗氧化能力之影響 42
(五) 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗醣類代謝酵素之影響 46
三、 多元胺及其生合成抑制劑之前處理對高溫逆境下白菜幼苗電 解質滲漏及可溶性糖之影響 51
伍、討論 55
一、 高溫逆境及馴化溫度處理之決定 55
二、 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗相關生理分析 56
(一) 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗電解質滲漏百分比、葉綠素含量變化之影響 56
(二) 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗可溶性蛋白質、可溶性糖含量之影響 57
(三) 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗多元胺含量之影響 59
(四) 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗抗氧化能力之影響 60
(五) 高溫逆境及馴化處理對白菜幼苗醣類代謝酵素之影響 60
三、 多元胺及其生合成抑制劑之前處理對高溫逆境下白菜幼苗電解質滲漏及可溶性糖之影響 61
陸、總結 63
柒、文獻 65
捌、附錄 77
附錄一、多元胺生合成路徑 77

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