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研究生:張瀛玹
論文名稱:飼料中植酸與鋅含量對雜交吳郭魚成長、血液參數、組織礦物質之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of dietary phytic acid and zinc contents on growth, hematological parameters and tissue trace elements in hybrid tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus × O. aureus
指導教授:黃承輝黃承輝引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:水生生物科學系研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:植酸血液參數非特異性免疫組織礦物質
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本實驗探討雜交吳郭魚飼料中含四個植酸與兩個鋅濃度時,對魚體成長、血液參數及組織礦物質濃度之影響。以含0、0.5、1.0、1.5%植酸 (實際含量為0、0.45、0.72、1.30%) 及鋅含量30或150 mg/kg (實際鋅含量為40或152 mg/kg) 的八組飼料分別餵食平均初重2.3g的吳郭魚10週。結果顯示末重、增重百分率、飼料轉換率、蛋白質效率、肝體比及存活率均不受飼料中鋅含量的影響 (p > 0.05)。血液參數方面,紅血球數目 (RBC)、血比容 (Hct) 及平均紅血球容積 (MCV) 亦不受飼料中鋅含量的影響 (p > 0.05);在含有30 mg Zn/kg中,血紅素 (Hb)、平均紅血球血紅素 (MCH)、平均紅血球血紅素濃度 (MCHC) 隨植酸增加而下降 (p≦0.05);在含有150 mg Zn/kg中,血紅素 (Hb)、平均紅血球血紅素濃度 (MCHC) 有隨植酸增加而上升的趨勢 (p≦0.05)。非特異性免疫方面,在含有30 mg Zn/kg及不含植酸,超氧歧化酶 (SOD) 活性、錳型超氧歧化酶 (Mn SOD) 活性及銅鋅型超氧歧化酶 (Cu-Zn SOD) 活性顯著高於其他各組 (p≦0.05);在含有150 mg Zn/kg及1.0%植酸的組別中,超氧歧化酶 (SOD) 活性及銅鋅型超氧歧化酶 (Cu-Zn SOD) 活性顯著高於其他各組 (p≦0.05)。溶菌酶活性無論在含有30 mg Zn/kg或150 mg Zn/kg的組別中各組之間沒有顯著差異 (p > 0.05)。組織礦物質濃度方面,血漿鋅含量、肝臟鋅含量、全魚體鋅含量及全魚體銅含量無論在含有30 mg Zn/kg或150 mg Zn/kg的組別中各組之間沒有顯著差異 (p > 0.05);在含有30 mg Zn/kg及沒有植酸的組別中,全魚體鐵含量明顯高於其他各組 (p≦0.05),在含有150 mg Zn/kg及不含植酸的組別中,全魚體錳含量明顯高於其他各組 (p≦0.05)。全魚體鋅保留量、全魚體一般分析及肌肉一般分析無論在含有30 mg Zn/kg或150 mg Zn/kg的組別中,各組之間沒有顯著差異 (p > 0.05)。餵食含30 mg Zn/kg及高植酸飼料時,吳郭魚的血液參數及免疫反應表現皆差於餵食含30 mg Zn/kg且不含植酸飼料時的表現,顯示植酸會降低魚體對鋅的利用率。餵食含150 mg Zn/kg及高植酸飼料時,吳郭魚的血液參數及免疫反應表現皆優於餵食含150 mg Zn/kg且不含植酸飼料時的表現,顯示高濃度的鋅會造成吳郭魚生理反應的下降。
目錄•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••i
表目錄••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••ii
中文摘要•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••I
英文摘要••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••III
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文獻回顧••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••4
材料與方法•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••15
結果••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••30
討論••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••34
結論••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••40
參考文獻•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 41
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