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研究生:鄭瑞可
研究生(外文):Michael B. Johnson
論文名稱:人造人:《銀翼殺手》小說與電影中的人類人工化進程
論文名稱(外文):Homopoiesis: The Process of Human in Artificial Evolution within Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep and Blade Runner
指導教授:陳鏡羽陳鏡羽引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fanfan Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:英美語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:人類機器人安卓銀翼殺手菲利普·狄克
外文關鍵詞:HumanRobotAndroidBlade RunnerPhilip K Dick
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『何謂「人」?』是美國科幻小說家菲利浦.迪克的作品裡重覆探究的主題。
此一主題也是許多賣座電影的靈感,如:《銀翼殺手》,《關鍵報告》,《攔截記憶碼》。閱讀迪克1968年鉅作《Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?》的過程中,讀者會被迫不斷重新檢視「人」的定義:我們真得有比「仿生人」更具有人性嗎?本論文由分析迪克原著《Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?》與雷利.史考特改編的電影版本《銀翼殺手》中對「人」與「非人」的異同為出發點,延伸探討「生物科技」之於『何謂「人」?』定義的衝擊。

Abstract

The quest for human identity is a recurring theme in the works of American science fiction author Philip K Dick, inspiring blockbuster movies such as Blade Runner, Minority Report, and Total Recall. Through the transport of his 1968 provocative seminal science fiction novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? Dick intricately juxtaposes humans with anthropomorphic humanoids, a symbolic representation or epitome of other, and repeatedly challenges his readers: Are humans really more ‘humanistic’ than artificial other? This thesis contributes to discourse on the definition of ‘human’ by analysing the depictions of human and other in Philip K. Dick’s Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? and Sir Ridley Scott’s Blade Runner, cross-referencing the impact of bio-mechanical evolution on the evolution of humanity. I will introduce ‘human’ both as the first Earthly species capable of engineering its own evolution and as an evolutionary process rather than an entity, and contend that biomechanical human, the Homopoietic species of human, will reign for a short time during the next phase of ‘human,’ before it in turn is replaced by a nonbiological Homopoietic ‘human.’ The purpose of the thesis is therefore to invite readers onto a pilgrimage of rediscovery and redefinition of what ‘human’ is.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements i
Abstract ii
摘要 iii
Introduction 1
Chapter One: The Accelerating Pace of ‘Human’ Evolution 9
I. Natural Selection 9
II. Artificial Selection 12
III. Commonality 17
Chapter Two: Human Identity 27
Chapter Three: The Perceived Dichotomy of Spirituality and Empirical Science 43
Chapter Four: The Quest for Immortality – Living the Lie 57
Chapter Five: An Uncertain Future 77
Appendix 95
Artificial Timeline 95
Blade Runner – Versions 98
Character List 101
Works Cited 103


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