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研究生:Feizia Huslina
研究生(外文):Feizia Huslina
論文名稱:固氮作用的影響因子及應用
論文名稱(外文):Nitrogen fixation: A brief review on influencing factors and its applications
指導教授:張世杰張世杰引用關係陳俊堯陳俊堯引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih-Chieh ChangChun-Yao Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:自然資源與環境學系
學門:環境保護學門
學類:環境資源學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
論文頁數:39
中文關鍵詞:Nitrogen fixationNitrogen-fixing bacteriaHistosolsAcidityInfluencing factorsPlant growth
外文關鍵詞:Nitrogen fixationNitrogen-fixing bacteriaHistosolsAcidityInfluencing factorsPlant growth
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Soil fertility is a key factor to facilitate crop growth and maintain environmental sustainability. It depends on long-term integrated strategies to maintain soil nitrogen levels. Nitrogen fixation, mineralization, nitrification and denitrification are four of microbiological processes in the nitrogen cycle which involve the reduction of nitrogen. Ammonia is the nutrient derived from nitrogen fixation process which catalyzed by nitrogenase through nitrogen-fixing bacteria (diazotroph). Nitrogen-fixing bacteria help plant to gain nutrients. Several factors such as O2 and CO2 concentration, salinity, interaction with other microorganisms, and soil pH have been known to affect bacterial nitrogen fixation. Acetylene reduction assay and PCR nifH amplification are the common methods to detect and measure nitrogen fixation activity. Nowadays, people use histosols to produce good agricultural production. Histosols are acidic and have low nutrient. Some bacteria have been reported to fix nitrogen and promote plant growth under acidic condition.

Keywords: Nitrogen fixation, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, histosols, acidity, influencing factors, plant growth.

Soil fertility is a key factor to facilitate crop growth and maintain environmental sustainability. It depends on long-term integrated strategies to maintain soil nitrogen levels. Nitrogen fixation, mineralization, nitrification and denitrification are four of microbiological processes in the nitrogen cycle which involve the reduction of nitrogen. Ammonia is the nutrient derived from nitrogen fixation process which catalyzed by nitrogenase through nitrogen-fixing bacteria (diazotroph). Nitrogen-fixing bacteria help plant to gain nutrients. Several factors such as O2 and CO2 concentration, salinity, interaction with other microorganisms, and soil pH have been known to affect bacterial nitrogen fixation. Acetylene reduction assay and PCR nifH amplification are the common methods to detect and measure nitrogen fixation activity. Nowadays, people use histosols to produce good agricultural production. Histosols are acidic and have low nutrient. Some bacteria have been reported to fix nitrogen and promote plant growth under acidic condition.

Keywords: Nitrogen fixation, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, histosols, acidity, influencing factors, plant growth.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments i
Abstract ii
Table of Contents iii
List of Tables iv
1. Introduction 1
2. Literature review 3
2.1. Histosols 3
2.2. Microbial diversity and nitrogen cycle 4
2.3. Diversity of nitrogen-fixing bacteria 9
2.4. Factors influencing nitrogen fixation 12
2.5. Nitrogen fixation: mechanisms and regulation 13
2.6. Methods to study nitrogen-fixing bacteria 14
2.7. Application of nitrogen-fixing bacteria to improve plant growth 17
3. Conclusions 21
References 23

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