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研究生:莊秉元
研究生(外文):Ping-Yuan Chuang
論文名稱:染料敏化太陽能電池元件結構及材料特性之研究
論文名稱(外文):Investigation of Device Structures and Material Characteristics of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
指導教授:蔡志宏蔡志宏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Hung Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:光電工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:染料敏化太陽能電池電解液低溫製程白金對電極
外文關鍵詞:dye-sensitized solar cellselectrolytelow-temperature processed platinumcounter electrode
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  • 被引用被引用:8
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染料敏化太陽能電池具有製程簡易、成本低廉等優點,國內外有許多研究團隊投入研究,目前已有商業化的趨勢,近年來因為環保意識抬頭,更加速了染料敏化太陽能電池的發展。染料敏化太陽能電池主要由白金對電極、電解質、二氧化鈦、FTO導電基板所組成。
本論文分成三大部分,第一部分以石墨烯奈米薄片運用於對電極,探討石墨烯奈米薄片層數上的堆疊對於染料敏化太陽能電池效率的影響,探討不同層數石墨烯奈米薄片在FE-SEM形貌、循環伏安法、元件電壓電流曲線、阻抗頻譜、外部量子效率等差異,並檢驗此材料是否能取代白金。
其次,本實驗探討把石墨烯奈米薄片加入電解液當中,本研究以不同重量比例的石墨烯奈米薄片加入電解液當中,用FTIR確認是否保有石墨烯奈米薄片的特性、以簡易結構測量阻抗頻譜、以拉曼光譜量測電解液,我們亦進行了元件的光電特性量測,探討電解液中不同石墨烯奈米薄片含量對於元件效率之影響。
最後,我們用低溫製程白金來製備染料敏化太陽能電池之對電極,首先量測高溫與低溫製程二氧化鈦對於染料的吸收特性、並以阻抗頻譜量測白金對電級的特性、以循環伏安法與原子力顯微鏡觀察白金催化活性與表面粗糙度,最後量測元件效率、外部量子效率、及介面阻抗頻譜來檢驗成效。

Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) offer the advantages of simple structures, easy manufacturing, low cost, and high power conversion efficiencies. Therefore, DSSCs have become one important area of solar cell researches. A typical DSSC consists of a transparent conductive substrate, a porous thin-film photoelectrode composed of TiO2 nanoparticles, dye, electrolyte, and a counter electrode.
This thesis is divided into three parts. First, we used graphene nanosheets to fabricate the counter electrode of DSSCs. The influences of various stacking layers of graphene nanosheets on efficiency of DSSCs were investigated. Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) was used to characterize the morphology of graphene nanosheets. Current-voltage curve, impedance spectroscopy, and external quantum efficiency were also used to characterize the DSSCs.
Second, we added graphene nanosheets into the electrolyte to improve the efficiency of DSSCs. We applied the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), impedance spectroscopy, and Raman measurement to investigate the electrolytes. The influence of different graphene nanosheets concentrations in electrolyte on the efficiency of DSSCs was investigated.
Finally, we used low-temperature process to fabricate the platinum counter electrodes for DSSCs. The influences of high-temperature and low-temperature processed electrodes on efficiency of DSSCs were investigated. Current-voltage curve, impedance spectroscopy, and external quantum efficiency were used to characterize the DSSCs.

第一章 序論 1
1.1 能源現狀 1
1.2太陽光 3
1.2.1黑體輻射 5
1.2.2太陽光模擬器太陽能量測標準 7
1.2.3太陽光模擬器 7
1.3太陽能電池 10
1.4染料敏化太陽能電池 12
1.5參考文獻 21
第二章 石墨烯奈米薄片運用在對電極 23
2.1文獻探討與實驗動機 23
2.2實驗儀器及研究原理 26
2.3實驗材料 30
2.4染料敏化太陽能電池之製作 31
2.5石墨烯奈米薄片背電極製作 33
2.6實驗方式 33
2.6.1循環伏安培法(CV) 34
2.6.2電壓電流曲線量測(I-V curve) 35
2.6.3阻抗頻譜量測(Impedance spectroscopy) 35
2.6.4拉曼光譜 36
2.7結果與討論 37
2.8結論 46
2.9 參考文獻 47
第三章 石墨烯奈米薄片運用於染料敏化中電解液之效率研究 51
3.1文獻探討與實驗動機 51
3.2實驗材料 53
3.3量測方式 53
3.4簡化之樣品結構之製作 54
3.5傅立葉紅外線光譜儀(FTIR) 55
3.5.1傅立葉紅外線光譜儀量測原理 55
3.5.2頻譜分析過程 57
3.5.3 FTIR量測方式 57
3.6結果與討論 58
3.7結論 66
3.8參考文獻 67
第四章 染料敏化太陽能電池低溫白金對電極 69
4.1染料敏化對電極文獻回顧與動機 69
4.2染料敏化太陽能電池之製作 72
4.3實驗方式 74
4.4.1原子力顯微鏡(Atomic Force Microscope, AFM) 74
4.4.2紫外可見光光譜儀(UV-Visible Spectophotometer) 76
4.5.1 X光繞射分析儀(X-ray Diffractometer,XRD) 77
4.6結果與討論 79
4.7結論 92
4.8參考文獻 93
第五章未來展望 95

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