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研究生:曾仁宗
研究生(外文):Jen-Tsung Tseng
論文名稱:以鏈結開放資料技術探索軍事電影檢索服務之研究
論文名稱(外文):Using the Technologies of Linked Open Data to Explore a Military Movie Retrieval Service
指導教授:陳良駒陳良駒引用關係楊棋堡
指導教授(外文):Liang-Chu ChenChyi-Bao Yang
口試委員:吳瑞琦黃志泰
口試委員(外文):Ruey-Chyi WuGai-Tai Huang
口試日期:2014-05-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學
系所名稱:資訊管理學系
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:鏈結開放資料詮釋資料註解SPARQL軍事電影
外文關鍵詞:Linked Open DataMetadataAnnotationSPARQLMilitary Movie
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近年來,由於數位設備及網路科技的快速發展,各種數位視訊檔案的資料量均大幅成長,使得視訊影片內容檢索的多樣性及複雜性不斷增加。故如何強化視訊資源描述的正確性及機器可讀性,以利支援搜尋之功能,是數位視訊時代的重要課題。本研究以軍事類電影為對象,透過視訊影片的註解工具增加電影細部的描述資料,以提供更為精細可用的詮釋資料做為視訊查詢之線索,同時結合鏈結資料的特性萃取網際開放資料集的RDF內容,以利將電影註解字詞的概念進行延伸性的知識探索。其中鏈結資料目的是建置一個機器能理解且富含語意的結構化資料網路,透過鏈結過程的探索可發現並延伸各項資料概念,進而構築成一個全域性的資料空間。
本研究企圖改進現有以網頁文字描述電影資訊的方式,開發一套以鏈結開放資料為基礎的軍事電影知識檢索服務平台,除提供電影基本詮釋資料及具時間軸特性的影像註解服務外,更能夠擴展與電影註解概念相關聯的延伸性知識,藉此有效強化軍事電影檢索服務的效益性。此外,本研究針對系統的使用滿意度進行評估,結果發現使用鏈結開放資料做為知識擴展讓使用者在系統有用性、可信任性、操作舒適性、使用愉悅度和整體滿意度等各面向均滿意系統所帶來的知識效益和實用性。


In recent years, due to the rapid development of digital devices and network/communication technology, the volumes of various video files have dramatic growth; the diversity and complexity of video contents have also continuous increases. Therefore, how to strengthen the accuracy of video resources description and improve the machine readability to facilitate web search is an important issue in the digital video era. This study is considered military movies as research targets. The author uses a video annotation tool (ELAN) to increase movie-related descriptive data in detail, providing more extra metadata for supporting video retrieval. Besides, this study also uses the characteristic of linked open data (LOD) to extract RDF from open datasets, enabling the extensible knowledge exploration for each annotation concept. The purpose of linked data is to build a machine-readable and semantic-richness data web. Through the exploration of linking processes, this service could be constructed to a global data space.
This study intends to develop an LOD-based military movie knowledge retrieval service (LODMKRS) to improve document-based movie description. The service not only provides basic metadata and annotated words that include the characteristic of timeline, but also links specified concept with the related and extensive knowledge. That is helpful for enhancing the effectiveness of military movie retrieval service. Moreover, this study designed a survey questionnaire to evaluate the degree of users’ satisfaction. In short, the LODMKRS system was accepted in usefulness, trust, comfort, enjoyment and overall satisfaction by most of the participants.

目錄
摘要 i
目錄 vii
圖目錄 x
第一章、緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 7
1.3 研究範圍限制 7
第二章、文獻探討 9
2.1 鏈結資料 9
2.1.1 鏈結開放資料 10
2.1.2 鏈結開放資料技術 15
2.1.3 鏈結資料與應用程式開發 23
2.2視訊影片的分類 30
2.3視訊註解 33
2.4 鏈結資料於視訊影像之應用 36
第三章、研究方法與架構 39
3.1研究架構 39
3.2研究架構說明 40
3.2.1電影資料來源和詮釋資料擷取 40
3.2.2電影影格註解 42
3.2.3鏈結資料萃取 44
3.2.4檢索查詢介面 54
第四章、系統實作 56
4.1系統工具 56
4.2 電影基本資料檢索 61
4.2.1影片播放功能 62
4.2.2電影基本詮釋資料 62
4.3 延伸性鏈結服務 64
4.3.1人物註解字詞 64
4.3.2地點註解字詞查詢 65
4.3.3軍用飛機註解字詞 66
4.4 演員與導演鏈結資料查詢 67
4.5 電影註解字詞檢索 69
4.6 情境案例設計 70
4.7 系統分析 76
第五章、結論與建議 79
5.1結論 79
5.2建議 80
5.3未來研究方向 81
【參考文獻】 83
附錄一:問卷問項 89

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網路部份
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鄧東波,鍵結資料 (Linked data)、開放資料(Open Data)和鍵結開放資料(Linked Open Data): 從學術到產業行與不行? http://geocyber.org/blog/?p=447. [visited in 2014/ 04/11]
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