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研究生:阿法
研究生(外文):Azizir Arfat
論文名稱:羅馬尼亞成為歐盟成員之戰略研究
論文名稱(外文):A study on Strategy of Romania's accession to be European Union
指導教授:郭武平郭武平引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wu-Ping Kuo
口試委員:邱昭憲蔡育岱
口試日期:2013-12-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:歐洲研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:歐洲聯盟羅馬尼亞哥本哈根協議
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  羅馬尼亞前身為共產主義國家,他們國家為了發展,希望能成為歐洲聯盟的成員之一。羅馬尼亞想要成為歐洲聯盟成員之一,羅馬尼亞必須履行哥本哈根協議中的經濟和政治條件。在此情況下,羅馬尼亞應該擬定一項戰略,實現目標與必須解決所有的問題取得歐洲聯盟成員的資格。在 1999 年 10 月 13 日, 盟委員會、歐盟成員國與包括羅馬尼亞在內的東歐國家開始談判。 歐洲聯盟已規定羅馬尼亞履行哥本哈根協議,但重點在於羅馬尼亞履行所有條款取決於它需要多少時間來達成目標。自從2000 年以來羅馬尼亞開始 提出他們加入歐盟的申請和有關加入歐盟的談判規定。2001 年,羅馬尼亞 為了準備加入歐盟,陸續實施一系列的改革,其中包括鞏固民主與法治制度、 尊重人權、 個人言論自由和正常運作的自由經濟市場。這些改革使得羅馬尼亞在區域關係上獲得國內與國外的支持。羅馬尼亞透過許多年的時間履行哥本哈根協議,在2007年初,羅馬尼亞已正式成為歐盟的成員國之一。
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT i
摘要 ii
CONTENTS iv
LIST OF TABLES vii
GROSSARY AND ABBREVIATIONS viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Motivations and Purpose1
1.2 Research Questions6
1.3 Research Limitations6
1.4 Literature Review7
1.5 Research Methodology7
1.6 Thesis Structure10
CHAPTER TWO: ROMANIA AND EUROPEAN UNION HISTORIES12
2.1.Romania12
2.1.1. Communist in Romania (1921-1960)13
2.1.2. TheEconomic Conditions Under Ceausescu (1967-89)20
2.2 The Process of European Union During the Cold War 28
2.2.1. The Establishment of Economic Cooperation in Europe (1951-1993)31
2.2.1.1 European Coal and Steel Community (1951)31
2.2.1.2 The European Economic Community (1957) 34
2.2.1.3 The European Atomic Energy Community(1958)37
2.3 Romania – European Union Relations(1974-1995) 40
CHAPTER THREE: ROMANIA REFORM TO JOIN THE EUROPEAN UNION47
3.1 Big Reform in Romania 47
3.1.1 Economic and Politic in the Transition (1990-1996)48
3.1.2 Economic Policy and Reforms (1996-2000) 55
3.1.3 Accelerated Economic Policy and Performance (2000-2004) 59
3.2 Romania Starts Point Towards European Union Membership (1990-2002) 64
CHAPTER FOUR: ROMANIA IS ON THE WAY INTO EUROPEAN UNION 73
4.1 Romania Solved the Barriers 74
4.2 Romania in Accession 82
CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION 89
BIBLIOGRAPHY 95
LIST OF TABLES
Table I : Romania’s industry and Agriculture 26
Table II : Basic Parameters of Romanian Economic Performance 54
Table III : Evolution of Main Macroeconomic Indicators in Romania 62
Table IV : GDP in Southeast Europe 1998-2000 77
Table V : Evolution of Main Macroeconomic Indicators in Romania 80
BOOKS:
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JOURNAL ARTICLES:
Commission opinion of 22 February 2005 on the applications for accession to the European Union by the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/ LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2005:157:0003:0004:EN:PDF
Conditions of accession in http://www.iet.ntnu.no/~ralf/muller/pubs/romEU.pdf
Crespo-Cuaresma, Jesus, Fidrmuc, Jarko, Silgoner, Maria Antoinette, On the Road: The Path of Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania to the EU and the Euro, University of Glasgow: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 2005, p. 843-849
Frankel, J. A., Experience of and Lessons from Exchange Rate Regime in Emerging Economies, NBER, Cambridge: Working Paper, October 2003.
Keil, Thomas J. and Keil, Jacqueline M. Reconstructing a Legal Basis for Capitalist Labor Relations in Post-Revolutionary Romania, www.ebcohost.com
Leonard, Orban Negotiating Accession: the Challenge of Interdepartmental Coordination http://www.lse.ac.uk/europeanInstitute/research/hellenicObservatory/pdf/Various/Orban.pdf
Muller, Liana, Romania’s Way into the EU. 2002. http://www.iet.ntnu.no/~ralf/muller/ pubs/romEU.pdf
Noutcheva, Gergana and Bechev, Dimitar The Successful Laggards: Bulgaria and Romania’s Accession to the EU http://eep.sagepub.com/content/22/1/114.full.pdf+html
Petrescu, Dragos, Building the Nation, Instrumentalizing Nationalism: Revisiting Romanian National-Communism, 1956-1989, Nationalities Papers, Vol. 37, July 2009
Reassessing the Communist Takeover in Romania: Violence, institutional Continuity, and Ethnic Conflict Management. http://www.academia.edu/209854/Reassessing_the_Com-munist_Takeover_in_Romania._Violence_Institutional_Continuity_and_Ethnic_Conflict_Management#
Stan, Lavina, Romania’s EU Integration, Carleton University: Ottawa, 2006 http://www.academia.edu/1657574/Romanias_EU_Accession_between_Political_Capacity_and_Political_Will

WEBSITES :
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