(3.238.7.202) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/03/03 23:55
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:廖珮吟
研究生(外文):Pei-Yin Liao
論文名稱:應用認真性休閒理論探討收集行為及其效益 -以酒類收集為例
論文名稱(外文):Exploring the collecting behaviors and Leisure benefits Based on Serious Leisure Concept – An example of liquor collecting
指導教授:林建堯林建堯引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-Yau Lin
口試委員:林晏州歐聖榮鄭佳昆郭彰仁
口試委員(外文):Yann-Jou LinSheng-Jung OuChia-kuen ChengChang-Jen Kuo
口試日期:2013-07-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立宜蘭大學
系所名稱:園藝學系碩士班
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:161
中文關鍵詞:收藏行為典藏深度休閒
外文關鍵詞:collecting behaviorsalcoholic commodities collectionserious leisure
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:194
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:13
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究嘗試去探討收集行為背後之動機與行為,並利用認真性休閒理論來檢視收集之休閒活動對休閒效益之影響。本研究分為三個步驟。第一階段主要利用文獻回顧與質性訪談建立題庫,並招募七位對象進行深入訪談,訪談結果同時指出收集中出現的行為與動機。第二階段利用專家問卷調查確認題項,並發展成為問卷。第三階段透過網路問卷方式來了解收集行為背後之動機與行為以及對休閒效益之影響。

研究結果發現,收集動機構面概念是由八個構面所組成,分別為:「人際互動」、「成就追求」、「展現自我」、「滿足支配」、「新奇體驗」、「自我成長」、「休閒享受」與「財務投資」;收集行為構面概念是由六個構面所組成,分別為「深度收集」、「社交品嚐」、「檢查研究」、「炫耀展示」、「長期收集」與「分享贈送」。本研究另利用收集動機構面進行簇群分析,將收集傾向類型分為五大類,分別為「社交互動型」、「尋找支配型」、「體驗成就型」及「投資成就型」與「休閒享受型」。

依據研究目的,本研究利用典型相關分析進行相關變項間關係之探討,第一組典型相關係數收集動機構面組成因素主要是由「人際互動」、「成就追求」、「展現自我」、「休閒享受」與「財務投資」五個因素構面,會影響收集行為組成構面的「深度收集」、「社交品嚐」、「炫耀展示」與「長期收集」四個構面;第二組典型相關係數發現:收集動機構面組成因素主要是經由「人際互動」、「成就追求」與「展現自我」三個構面,會影響收集行為組成構面的「社交品嚐」、「檢查研究」與「分享贈送」三個構面;第三組典型相關係數可以明顯發現:收集動機構面組成因素主要是經由「滿足支配」構面,會影響收集行為組成構面的「檢查研究」、「炫耀展示」與「分享贈送」等三個構面。第四組典型相關係數可以明顯發現:收集動機構面組成因素主要是經由「展現自我」、「自我成長」與「財務投資」,會影響收集行為組成構面的「檢查研究」、「長期收集」、「分享贈送」等三個構面。
再者,分析果也顯示社經背景會對收集動機與行為有顯著影響。收集傾向類型對休閒效益中之生理、社交、心理差異皆達顯著水準;研究顯示收集傾向類型不同其在休閒效益三個構面中確實顯示出差異性。尋找支配型在生理效益中的平均數最高;社交互動型在社交效益與心理效益中的平均數最高。



【關鍵詞】:收藏行為、典藏、深度休閒

Alcoholic commodities Collection, which brought a huge economic benefit, is nowadays a popular business activity. However, little research has been done on understanding the motivation and collecting behavior of alcoholic commodities collection. The purpose of this study was to exploring the relationship between liquor collecting behaviors and leisure benefits based on serious leisure concept.

A three-phase study was designed. In the first stage, literature review and qualitative interviews was adopted to build the question bank. Seven participants who are alcoholic commodities collectors were recruited through snowball sampling. In second stage, expert questionnaires were conducted to design the questionnaire. In the third stage, on-line survey were used; Moreover, the descriptive statistics, factor analysis, cluster analysis, t-test, oneway-ANOVA, Chi-square test, Pearson correlation, and canonical correlation analysis were used to understand the collected behavior and motivation of liquor collectors

The results found that the concept of liquor colleting motivation consisted of eight factors, such as Personal Interaction, Achievements Pursuit, Self Expression, Domination Meet, Novelty Experience, Self Growth, Leisure Enjoy, Financial Investment. The concept of liquor colleting behavior consisted of six factors, such as Depth Collection, Social and Tasting, Check and Study, Show off and Display, Long-term collection, Sharing and Gifting. The liquor collectors could be divided into five types in terms of collected motivation, namely Social Interaction Type, Search and Dominance Type, Experience and Achievements Type, Investment and Achievers Type, and Leisure and Enjoy Type.

Also, the results proved that collecting behavior was connected to motivation. Four canonical correlation coefficients were found to be statistically significant. The first set of canonical correlation that have five motivation factors (Personal Interaction, Achievements Pursuit, Self Expression, Leisure Enjoy, and Financial Investment) had an effect on four behavior factors (Depth Collection, Social and Tasting, Show off and Display, and Long-term collection). The second set of canonical correlation that have three motivation factors (Personal Interaction, Achievements Pursuit, and Self Expression) had an effect on three behavior factors (Social and Tasting, Check and Study, and Sharing and Gifting). The third set of canonical correlation that have one motivation factor (Domination Meet) had an effect on three behavior factors (Check and Study, Show off and Display, and Sharing and Gifting). The Four set of canonical correlation that have three motivation factors (Self Expression, Self Growth, and Financial Investment) had an effect on three behavior factors (Check and Study, Long-term collection, and Sharing and Gifting).
The results of t-test and oneway-ANOVA showed a significant effect of background to motivation and behavior. Also, the collector types had a significant difference on leisure benefits, such as physical benefits, social benefits, and psychological benefits. Search and Dominance Type had highest mean on physical benefits; and Social Interaction Type had highest mean on social benefits, and psychological benefits.

【Keywords】:collecting behaviors, alcoholic commodities collection, serious leisure

第一章 緒論...........................1
第一節-研究背景與動機.................1
第二節-研究目的......................2
第三節-研究流程與範圍.................3
第四節-研究限制.....................4
第二章 文獻回顧........................5
第一節 認真性休閒....................5
第二節 收集行為......................10
第三節 休閒的效益....................25
第三章 酒類收集家訪談...................36
第一節 研究方法......................36
第二節 訪談研究結果與討論..............41
第四章 正式問卷發展.....................50
第一節 問卷與題項修正.................50
第二節 正式問卷發展...................63
第五章 酒類收集行為問卷調查..............69
第一節 研究方法......................69
第二節 研究結果與討論.................74
第六章 結論與建議......................130
第一節 研究結論......................130
第二節 後續研究建議...................133
參考文獻..............................134
附錄.................................1
一、英文文獻
1.Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211.
2.Alderson, W. T., & Shirley, P. L. (1985). Interpretation of Historic Sites.
3.Anderson, R. C. (1974). Paintings as an investment. Economic Inquiry, 13–26.
4.Arai, S.M., & Pedlar, A. M. (1997). Building communities through leisure: Citizen participation in a healthy communities initiative. Journal of Leisure Research, 29(2), 167-183.
5.Baker, S. M. & Gentry, J. W. (1996). Kids as collectors: A phenomenological study of first and fifth graders. Advances in Consumer Research, 23(1), 132-137.
6.Belk, R. W. (1988). Possessions and the extended self. Journal of Consumer Research, 15, 39-68.
7.Belk, R. W. (1991). The ineluctable mysteries of possessions, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 6, 17–55.
8.Belk, R. W. (1995a). Collecting in a Consumer Society. London: Routledge.
9.Belk, R. W. (1995b). Collecting as luxury consumption: Effects on individuals and households, Journal of Economic Psychology, 16, 477-490.
10.Belk, R. W., Wallendorf, M., Sherry, J. F., & Holbrook, M. B. (1991). Collecting in a Consumer Culture. Association for Consumer Research, 178-215.
11.Blackwell, D. R., Miniard, P. W., & Engel, J. F. (2006). Consumer behavior (10th ed.). United States: South-Western College.
12.Bloland, P. A. (1987). Leisure as a campus resource for fostering student development. Journal of Counseling and Development, 65, 291-294.
13.Bright, A. D. (2000). The Role of Social Marketing in Leisure and Recreation Management. Journal of Travel Research, 32(1), 12.
14.Burcaw, G. E. (1997). Introduction to museum work. London: Altamira.
15.Burdge. (1969). Levels of occupational prestige and leisure activity. Journal of Leisure Research, 1(3), 262-274.
16.Cheek, N. H., & Burch, W. R. (1976). The social organization of leisure in human society. New York: Harper & Row.
17.Danet, B., & Katriel, T. (1989). No Two Alike: Play and aesthetic in collecting. Play and Culture, 2, 253-277.
18.Driver, B. (1997). The defining moment of benefits. Parks & Recreation, 32(12), 38-41.
19.Driver, B. L., & Bruns, D. H. (1999). Concepts and uses of the benefits approach to leisure. In E. L. Jackson and T. L. Burton (Eds.), Leisure studies, (pp.349-368). State College, PA: Venture Publishing, Inc.
20.Driver, B. L., Brown, P. J., & Peterson, G. L. (1991). Research on leisure benefits: An introduction to this volume. In B. L. Driver, P. J. Brown & G. L. Peterson (Eds.), Benefits of leisure, (pp.3-12). State College, PA: Venture Publishing.
21.Durost, W. N. (1932). Children’s collecting activity related to social factors. New York: Columbia University, Teachers Colledge, Contributions to Education no. 535.
22.Dustin, D. L., & Goodale, T. L. (1997). The social cost of individual benefits. Park & Recreation, 32(7), 20-22.
23.Edginton, C. R., Hanson, C. J., Edginton, S. R., & Hudson, S. D. (1998). Leisure Programming– A service– centered and benefits approach. New York: Mc Graw Hill.
24.Formanek, R. (1991). Why they collect: Collectors reveal their motivations. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 6, 275-286.
25.Forty, Adrian. (1986). Objects of Desire: Design & Society from Wedgwood to IBM, New York: Pantheon.
26.Ger, G., & Belk, R. W. (1996). Cross-cultural differences in materialism. Journal of Economic Psychology, 17, 55-77.
27.Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (1998). Multivariate data analysis. Upper Sadde River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
28.Hartel, J. (2005). A ‘serious leisure’ approach to information behavior. In: Theories of information behavior: A researcher’s guide (Eds.). K. Fisher, S. Erdelez, L. McKechnie. Medford, NJ. Information Today.
29.Kelly, J. R. (1996). Leisure. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
30.Kruglanski, A. W., Belanger, J. J., Chen, X., Kopetz, C., Pierro, A., & Mannetti, L. (2012). The energetics of motivated cognition: A force-field analysis. Psychological Review, 119, 1-20.
31.Long, M. M., & Schiffman, L. G. (1997). “Swatch fever: An allegory for understanding the paradox of collecting,” Psychology and Marketing, 14, 495-509.
32.Mannel, R. C., & Stynes, D. J. (1991). A retrospective: the benefits of leisure. In B. L. Driver, P. J. Brown & G. L. Peterson (Eds.), Benefits of leisure. (pp.461-473). Stage College, PA: Venture Publishing.
33.McCracken, G. (1986). Culture and Consumption: A Theoretical Account of the Structure and Movement of the Cultural Meaning of Consumer Goods. Journal of Consumer Research, 13(1), 71-84.
34.McIntosh, W. D., & Schmeichel, B. (2004). Collectors and collecting: a social psychological perspective. Leisure Sciences, 26, 85-97.
35.Mclntosh, W. D., & Martin, L. L. (1992). The cybernetics of happiness: The relation between goal attainment, rumination, and affect. In M. S. Clark (Eds.), Review of personality and social psychology, (pp.222-246). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
36.Mishler, E. G. (1986). Research Interviewing: Context and Narrative. MA, Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
37.Mueller, E., Gurin, G., & Wood, M. (1962). Participation in outdoor recreation: Factors affecting demand among American adults: Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission study Report 20. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
38.Muensterberger, W. (1994). Collecting: An Unruly passion, Princeton New Jersey: Princeton university Press, p.3-13.
39.O’Brien, George. (1981). Living with Collections. New York Time Magazine, April 26 Part 2, 25-42.
40.Pearce, S. M. (1992). Museums, objects, and collections: A cultural study. Leicester: Leicester University Press.
41.Pomian, K. (1990). Collectors and Curiosities: Paris and Venice 1500-1800, (E. Wiles-Portier, Trans.). Cambridge: Polity Press (original 1987, Collectionneurs, Amateurs et Curieux, Paris: Editions Gallimard.).
42.Proctor, C. (l962). Dependence of Recreation Participation on Background Characteristics. Appendix A of Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission, National Recreation Survey, (pp.77-94), Study Report l9, Washington DC: ORRRC.
43.Russell, R. V. (1982). Planning programs in recreation. St. Louis: Mosby.
44.Saari, L. (1997). Those crazy collectors. The Orange County Register.
45.Schiffer, M. B., Downing, T. E., & McCarthy, M. (1981). Waste not, want not: An ethnoarchaeological study of reuse in Tucson, Arizona. In M. Gould and M. B. Schiffer (Eds.), Modern material culture, (pp.67-88). Academic Press.
46.Seidman, I. E. (2006). Interviewing as qualitative research: a guide for researchs in education and the social sciences. New York: Teachers College.
47.Sessoms, H. D. (1961). Analysis of Selected Variables Affecting Outdoor Recreation Patterns. Social Forces, 42(5), 112-115.
48.Siegenthaler, K. L., & Gonzalez,G..L. (1997). Youth sports as serious leisure: A critique. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 21(3), 298-314.
49.Slater, J. S. (2001). Collecting brand loyalty: A comparative analysis of how Coca-Cola and Hallmark use collecting behavior to enhance brand loyalty. Advances in Consumer Research, 28, 362-369.
50.Spradley, J. P. (1979). The ethnographic interview. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
51.Staats, A. W. (1991). Behavior and Personality: Psychological Behaviorism. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
52.Stebbins, R. A. (1980). ‘Amateurs’ and ‘hobbyist’ as concepts for the study of leisure problems. Social Problems, 27(4), 413-418.
53.Stebbins, R. A. (1982) .Serious leisure: a conceptual statement,Pacific Sociological Review, 25(2), 251-272.
54.Stebbins, R. A. (1992a). Amateurs, professionals, and serious leisure. Buffalo: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
55.Stebbins, R. A. (1992b). Hobbies as marginal leisure: The case of barbershop singers. Society and Leisure, 15, 375-386.
56.Stebbins, R. A. (1993). Social world, life-style, and serious leisure: Toward a mesostructural analysis. Quebec: McGill-Gueen’s University Press.
57.Stebbins, R. A. (2001). Serious leisure, Society, 38(7), 53-57.
58.Tesser, A. (1988). Toward a self-evaluation maintenance model of social behavior. Advances in experimental social psychology, 21, 181-227.
59.Verduin, J. R., & McEwen, D. N. (1984). Adults and their leisure: The need forlifelong learning. Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas.
60.Wankel, L. M., & Berger, B. G. (1990). Their personal and social benefits of sport and physical activity. In B. L. Driver, D. J. Brown and G. L. Peterson (Eds.), Benefits of leisure, (pp.121-144). State College, PA: Venture Publishing.
61.White, T. H. (1975). The relative importance of education and income as predictors in outdoor recreation. Journal of Leisure Research, 7, 191-199.
62.William, D. M., & Brandon, S. (2004). Collectors and Collecting: A Social Psychological Perspective. Leisure Sciences, 26, 85-97.
63.Yoder, D.G. (1997). A model for commodity intensive serious Leisure, Journal of Leisure Research, 29(4), 407-429.
二、中文文獻
1.余玥琳,(2004),單車活動參與者的目標取向、社會支持和休閒型態對休閒效益的影響,碩士論文,雲林科技大學休閒運動研究所,雲林。
2.吳忠宏、范莉雯,(2003),以九年一貫課程為架構之休閒教育模式與內容,戶外遊憩研究,16(1),1-23。
3.呂政蔚,(2009),職業棒球球員卡之收藏者特性、消費價值與產品涉入對收藏行為影響之研究,碩士論文,體育大學休閒產業經營學系碩士班,桃園。
4.汪玉盆,(2000),「由經驗主義探討收藏行為對消費價值、社會體系及延伸現象的影響─以台中地區石頭收藏者為例」,碩士論文,東海大學管理研究所,臺中。
5.周秀華、余嬪,(2005),深度休閒者學習經驗之研究,教育與心理研究,28(2),297-324。
6.林子淵,(2009),運動鞋收藏者收藏行為之研究,碩士論文,臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所,臺北。
7.林本炫,(2004),質性研究方法及其超越,嘉義:南華大學教育社會所。
8.林明德,(2010),建構自行車參與者認真性休閒與休閒效益之關係:休閒態度、流暢體驗所扮演的角色,碩士論文,澎湖科技大學觀光休閒事業管理研究所,澎湖。
9.林東泰,(1992),休閒教育與其宣導策略之研究,臺北:師大書苑有限公司。
10.林欣慧,(2002),解說成效對休閒效益體驗之影響研究-以登山健行為例,碩士論文,臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所,臺北。
11.林金定、顏嘉楓、陳美花,(2005),質性研究方法:訪談模式與實施步驟分析,身心障礙研究,3(2),122-136。
12.林珊如,(2005),深度休閒與資訊行為研究,圖書資訊學刊,3(1/2),15-22。
13.邱皓政,(2003),結構方程模式:LISREL的理論、技術與應用,臺北:雙葉書廊有限公司。
14.邱皓政,(2007),量化研究與統計分析—SPSS(PASW)資料分析範例,臺北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
15.邱皓政,(2010),量化研究與統計分析SPSS(PASW)資料分析範例,臺北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
16.邱皓政,(2011),量化研究與統計分析SPSS(PASW)資料分析範例,臺北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
17.邱皓政,(2012),量化研究法(三) —測驗原理與量表發展技術,臺北:雙葉書廊有限公司。
18.洪煌佳,(2002),突破休閒活動之休閒效益研究,碩士論文,臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理,臺北。
19.胡幼慧,(1996),質性研究:理論、方法及本土女性研究實例,臺北:巨流圖書公司。
20.徐新勝,(2007),衝浪活動參與者之休閒動機、涉入程度與休閒效益關係之研究,碩士論文,中正大學運動與休閒教育所,嘉義。
21.涂淑芳譯, Bammel G., & Burrus-Bammel, L. L.著,(1996),休閒與人類行為,臺北:桂冠圖書公司。
22.馬上鈞,(2002),休閒效益與生活壓力關係之研究-以高雄地區郊山登山者為例,碩士論文,臺灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所,臺北。
23.高俊雄,(1995),休閒利益三因素模式,戶外遊憩研究,8(1),15-28。
24.張劭勳,(1994),多變量統計分析SPSS FOR WINDOWS,臺北:松岡出版社。
25.張耿介、陳文長,(2004),休閒社會學,臺北:新文京出版機構。
26.張嘉倩,(2007),便利商店滿額贈品收集動機與各階段收及行為特徵之研究,碩士論文,輔仁大學管理學研究系管理學研究所,臺北。
27.張譽騰審訂,Burcaw, G. E.著,(2000),博物館這一行,臺北:五觀藝術事業有限公司。
28.梁英文、曹勝雄,(2007),認真性休閒與場所依戀之關係:遊憩專門化扮演的角色,戶外遊憩研究,20(3),1-24。
29.莊麗娟,(1998),「物質主義傾向、消費價值觀與產品涉入對收藏行為影響之研究」,碩士論文,元智大學管理研究所,桃園。
30.陳中雲,(2001),國小教師休閒參與、休閒效益與工作滿意之相關研究-以台北縣公立國民小學教師為例,碩士論文,臺灣師範大學運動與休閒研究所,臺北。
31.陳向明,(2005),社會科學質的研究,臺北:五南出版社。
32.陳在頤,(1982),休閒活動與管理,臺中:台灣省立體專出版。
33.陳思倫、歐聖榮、林連聰,(2001),休閒遊憩概論,臺北:世新大學印行。
34.黃定國,(1991),休閒的歷史回顧與展望,台灣教育月刊,482,1-6。
35.黃帥通、沈易利,(2010),以認真休閒角度談健身俱樂部會員,運動與遊憩研究,5(2),139-149。
36.黃堅厚,(1982),青年的心理健康,臺北:中華書局。
37.黃靜瑜,(2006),收藏型贈品之象徵意義及消費價值對收藏行為影響之研究,碩士論文,交通大學管理科學系所,新竹。
38.楊胤甲,(2006),愛好自行車休閒運動者之流暢體驗、休閒效益與幸福感之研究,碩士論文,靜宜大學管理碩士在職專班,臺中。
39.劉虹伶,(2005),深度休閒者之休閒效益,大專體育,78,116-122。
40.劉婉珍,(2000),博物館蒐藏的意義與影響,博物館學季刊,14(3),3-9。
41.歐聖榮,(1997),造園,臺北:三民書局。
42.潘玉山,(1988),台北縣紡織業勞工休閒活動現況與期望之研究,碩士論文,中國文化大學勞工研究所,臺北。
43.蔡淑玫,(1996),藝術性商品購買決策之屬性─價值偕層探討:以苗栗三義木雕品為例,碩士論文,元智大學管理研究所,桃園。
44.顏伽如,(2003),認真休閒之參與歷程與相關因素之研究:以臺北市立圖書館「林老師說故事」志工為例,碩士論文,體育學院體育研究所,桃園。

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 2. 吳忠宏、范莉雯,(2003),以九年一貫課程為架構之休閒教育模式與內容,戶外遊憩研究,16(1),1-23。
2. 2. 吳忠宏、范莉雯,(2003),以九年一貫課程為架構之休閒教育模式與內容,戶外遊憩研究,16(1),1-23。
3. 5. 周秀華、余嬪,(2005),深度休閒者學習經驗之研究,教育與心理研究,28(2),297-324。
4. 5. 周秀華、余嬪,(2005),深度休閒者學習經驗之研究,教育與心理研究,28(2),297-324。
5. 12. 林珊如,(2005),深度休閒與資訊行為研究,圖書資訊學刊,3(1/2),15-22。
6. 12. 林珊如,(2005),深度休閒與資訊行為研究,圖書資訊學刊,3(1/2),15-22。
7. 23. 高俊雄,(1995),休閒利益三因素模式,戶外遊憩研究,8(1),15-28。
8. 23. 高俊雄,(1995),休閒利益三因素模式,戶外遊憩研究,8(1),15-28。
9. 28. 梁英文、曹勝雄,(2007),認真性休閒與場所依戀之關係:遊憩專門化扮演的角色,戶外遊憩研究,20(3),1-24。
10. 28. 梁英文、曹勝雄,(2007),認真性休閒與場所依戀之關係:遊憩專門化扮演的角色,戶外遊憩研究,20(3),1-24。
11. 35. 黃帥通、沈易利,(2010),以認真休閒角度談健身俱樂部會員,運動與遊憩研究,5(2),139-149。
12. 35. 黃帥通、沈易利,(2010),以認真休閒角度談健身俱樂部會員,運動與遊憩研究,5(2),139-149。
13. 39. 劉虹伶,(2005),深度休閒者之休閒效益,大專體育,78,116-122。
14. 39. 劉虹伶,(2005),深度休閒者之休閒效益,大專體育,78,116-122。
15. 40. 劉婉珍,(2000),博物館蒐藏的意義與影響,博物館學季刊,14(3),3-9。
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔