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研究生:柯志偉
研究生(外文):Zhi-Wei Ke
論文名稱:高雄港沉積物中壬基酚及辛基酚之分佈
論文名稱(外文):Distribution of nonylphenols and octylphenols in sediments of Kaohsiung Harbor, Taiwan
指導教授:陳秋妏陳秋妏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiu-Wen Chen
口試委員:董正釱羅建育陳志峰張益國
口試委員(外文):Cheng-Di DongJian-Yu LuoChih-Feng ChenYi-Kuo Chang
口試日期:2014-07-26
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄海洋科技大學
系所名稱:海洋環境工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:119
中文關鍵詞:高雄港沉積物烷基酚壬基酚辛基酚內分泌干擾物
相關次數:
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本研究針對高雄港區沉積物進行壬基酚及辛基酚之調查與污染評估。採樣測站函蓋整個高雄港區,共設置20個測站。採樣時間為102年02、05、08和10月,共採集80個沉積物樣本。分析項目包括粒徑分析、含水量、有機質、總油脂、總氮、總磷、壬基酚(4-Nonylphenols, 4-NPs)及辛基酚(4-tert-Octylphenol, 4-t-OP)。本研究主要目的包括:(1) 調查高雄港區沉積物壬基酚及辛基酚之污染現況與污染來源評估。(2) 評估高雄港區沉積物壬基酚及辛基酚對港區生態潛在影響。(3)提供高雄港區未來擬訂污染控制及整治方案之基礎背景資料。
研究結果顯示,高雄港沉積物4-NPs濃度介於27.4 ~ 28,489 μg/kg dry wt之間,平均為1,306 ± 992 μg/kg dry wt,其中以河口附近之測站最高(愛河、前鎮河、第五船渠及鹽水港溪),平均濃度介於2576 ~13,798 μg/kg dry wt。而辛基酚濃度介於1.2 ~ 1139 μg/kg dry wt,平均為47.7 ± 30.3 μg/kg dry wt,其濃度分佈與4-NPs相似,以河口附近測站之含量最高,其含量介於27.5 ~ 700 μg/kg dry wt之間,且逐漸往港口方向遞減。由4-NPs及4-t-OP濃度的空間分佈顯示,河口測站明顯高於其他港區航道測站,顯示河川上游及沿岸未經處理的工廠排放廢水及市政廢水為主要的污染來源。港區乾/濕季APs濃度分佈顯示,可能是受到不同程度物理化學或是生物作用的影響,河口區大致上呈現濕季大於乾季之分佈,港區航道及進出口則呈現乾季大於或相似於濕季之分佈。在相關性分析顯示,總有機碳(TOC)及有機質(OM)為控制沉積物中4-NPs及4-t-OP濃度的主要控制因子。生態風險效應方面,特別是在河口區域有較高的雌二醇當量EEQ (estrogen equivalent concentration),對於生物的潛在危害是相當高的。

In this research we have set twenty survey stations in Kaohsiung Harbor to conduct on-site sampling and monitoring of sediments. The aim is to analyze their particle diameters, water content, organic matter (OM), total organic carbon (TOC), 4-nonylphenols (4-NPs) and 4-tert-octylphenol (4-t-OP) in order to understand the concentration distributions and sources of 4-NP and 4-t-OP in the Harbor sediments. The results indicate that the concentrations of 4-NP and 4-t-OP fall within the ranges of 27.4–28,489 μg/kg dw (average 1,306 ± 992 μg/kg dw) and 1.2–1,139 μg/kg dw (average 47.7 ± 30.3 μg/kg dw). The concentrations of 4-NPs and 4-t-OP in the river mouths’ sediments are apparently higher and gradually decrease nearer the Harbor, especially the 4-NPs of the mouth of Jen-Gen River (average 13,798 ± 1,0649 μg/kg dw) and the 4-t-OP of the mouth of Love River (average 700 ± 452 μg/kg dw). This pattern shows that industrial wastewater and untreated municipal wastewater/sewage are the major sources. The correlation analysis indicates that TOC and OM play an important role in controlling the concentration level of 4-NPs and 4-t-OP in the sediments. However, in the pollution hotspot, the direct inflow of pollutants would be the crucial factor that determines the concentration and distribution of organic pollutants in sediments.
致謝
中文摘要
Abstract
目錄
表目錄
圖目錄
第一章 前言
1.1 研究背景與動機
1.2 研究目的
第二章 文獻回顧
2.1壬基酚及辛基酚的來源
2.2壬基酚及辛基酚的用途
2.3壬基酚及辛基酚的危害
2.4 各國管制情形
第三章 研究方法與步驟
3.1 採樣點規劃
3.2 樣本採集
3.3 實驗藥品及儀器設備
3.3.1 實驗藥品
3.3.2儀器設備
3.4 分析方法
第四章 結果與討論
4.1 沉積物樣品基本性質分析
4.2 沉積物樣品分析結果 31
4.3 高雄港區沉積物中的4-NPs及4-t-OP分佈
4.3.1 時間分佈
4.3.2 空間分佈
4.3.3 乾/濕季分佈
4.3.4 與其他地區沉積物中NP及OP比較
4.4 高雄港區沉積物中4-NPs及4-t-OP與沉積物性質的相關性
4.5 潛在生態影響評估
第五章 結論與建議
參考文獻
附錄一 壬基酚與辛基酚標準品分析圖譜
附錄二 壬基酚與辛基酚沉積物樣品分析圖譜

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