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研究生:吳淑娟
研究生(外文):Shu-Chuan Wu
論文名稱:生態效益指標應用於環保科技園區推動績效之研究-以高雄環保科技園區為例
論文名稱(外文):Eco-efficiencies as performance indicators of Environmental Science and Technology Parks (ESTP) - example of ESTP in Kaohsiung
指導教授:李家偉李家偉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chia-Wei Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:環境與安全衛生工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:資源永續循環利用零廢棄生態效益指標環保科技園區
外文關鍵詞:zero wasteEco-efficiency indexEnvironmental Science and Technology Parks (ESTPa sustainable resource recycling and use
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在全球工業區大量開發與工業快速發展下,雖然帶來科技的進步與提升人類生活的品質,但也因為大量生產與消費,造成全球自然資源急遽耗竭,並使原有生態系統失衡,為降低或預防工業區在創造經濟價值時所產生之環境污染,世界各國莫不積極推動綠色政策與策略措施;台灣為因應國際零廢棄與資源永續循環利用之環保趨勢,乃於民國91年開始推動為期10年之「環保科技園區推動計畫」,至100年已完成階段性任務,但推動成果是否對環境面與經濟面有其貢獻與價值,值得探討。本研究參照世界企業永續發展委員會(WBCSD)所建議之生態效益指標系統,以營業額價值指標對應於能源、水資源、廢棄物與空氣污染物等環境指標,來評估環保科技園區的環境與經濟績效。研究對象為高雄環保科技園區,首先分析該園區推動狀況,其次彙整並建置環境與財務資料庫,最後進行生態效益指標量化評估與分析。依據生態效益比值分析試算所得結果,能源、水資源、事業廢棄物及空氣污染物之生態效益皆已呈現逐漸穩定成長趨勢;生態效益趨勢經由生態效益座標圖掌握過去歷程,從園區97/100年之生態效益變化分析,用電量(134%)、一般事業廢棄物(139%)及有害事業廢棄物(878%)之比值處於半無生態效益(-)階段,為目前最需優先規劃改善,其次為處於半生態效益(+)階段,最後方為完全生態效益(++)階段,此優先順序之判斷,可協助園區管理單位找出改善部分及方向,最後取得研擬方案並加以落實,並可作為園區在規劃、評估、管理及引進新廠商時之參考;另經由生態效益績效評估指標系統計算分析結果,整體生態效益績效指標達成率介於47~73%、績效指標級距介於C級(達成率31%~60%) ~B級(達成率61%~80%)、生態效益情形介於「差」~「佳」,顯示園區仍有很大努力空間;再生資源利用有廢棄物資源化及廢水回收再利用,廢棄物資源化方面,97~100年績效指標再利用率介於84%~96%,績效指標級距A級(再利用率≧80%),績效概念「最佳」,顯示廢棄物回收再利用處理技術已趨成熟;廢水回收再利用方面,97~100年績效指標再利用率介於2%~13%,績效指標級距D級(再利用率≦30%),績效概念「最差」,顯示廢水回收再利用仍有很大努力空間。
Although a considerable development of industrial zone and a swift industrial development have brought technological progresses and enhanced the quality of human life, the global natural resources are rapidly exhausted and the original eco-system has lost its balance due to a large number of production and consumption. To minimize or prevent environmental pollutions in industrial parks while these areas are creating economic value, worldwide countries have all actively promoted green policies and strategic measures; also, in response to the international environmental protection trends of zero waste and of a sustainable resource recycling, Taiwan has in 2002 started to promote the 10 year long “Environmental Science and Technology Parks (ESTP) Promotion Plan”. Although Taiwan has completed the initial missions of the plan in 2011, it is still worth to evaluate whether the promotion results make contributions and values to the environment and economy. Based on the eco-efficiency indicators recommended by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), this research has used the revenue value indicator in response to environmental indexes for energy, water resources, wastes and air pollutant to evaluate the ESTP environmental and economic performances. Having ESTP in Kaohsiung as the research target, this study firstly analyzes the promotion status of the park, summarizes and installs the environmental and financial databases, then carries out the quantitative assessment and analysis of eco-efficiency index.
According to the result of the eco-efficiency ratio analysis, the eco-efficiency for energy, water resources, industrial wastes and air pollutant is growing steadily; through the coordinate map, the eco-efficiency trend has mastered the history of the past: from the change analysis of eco-efficiency in 2008 / 2011, the ratios of power consumption (134%), general industrial wastes (139%) and hazardous industrial waste (878%) are in the half-non eco-efficiency (-) stage, which require prior plans to make a further improvement; the half eco-efficiency (+) stage then comes after, and finally the total eco-efficiency (+ +) stage. Based on the evaluation of this priority, it is possible to assist the ESTP management department to find areas and direction for improvements, to develop and to implement the project, and to have it as a reference for ESTP to work out, evaluate, manage and introduce new suppliers; besides, through the calculation results of the evaluation index system of eco-efficiency performance, the achievement rate of the overall eco-efficiency performance index is between 47% to 73%, the performance index is between Level C (achievement rate between 31% to 60%) to B (achievement rate between 61% to 80%), and the eco-efficiency status is between “good” to “bad”, which has shown a big room for improvement; as for the use of regenerated resources, it includes the waste recycling and water regeneration. For waste recycling, its reuse rate of performance index from 2008 to 2011 is between 84% to 96%, the performance index is at Level A (reuse rate ≧80%), and the performance concept is “excellent”, which have shown a mature disposal technology for waste recycling and reuse; for water regeneration, the performance index from 2008 to 2011 is between 2% to 13%, the performance index is at Level D (reuse rate ≧30%), and the performance concept is “the worst”, which have shown the need for making more efforts.
中文摘要 ----------------------------------- i
英文摘要 ------------------------------------ ii
誌謝 ------------------------------------ iii
目錄 ------------------------------------ iv
表目錄 ------------------------------------ v
圖目錄 ------------------------------------ vi
一、緒論 ------------------------------------ 1
1.1 緣起 ----------------------------------- 1
1.2 研究動機 ------------------------------- 2
1.3 研究目的 ------------------------------- 2
二、文獻探討 -------------------------------- 4
2.1 生態工業園區發展與定義----------------- 4
2.1.1 生態工業園區發展---------------------- 4
2.1.2 生態工業園區定義---------------------- 8
2.2 台灣生態工業園區發展------------------- 10
2.2.1 既設工業區生態化---------------------- 10
2.2.2 環保科技園區之設置與推動-------------- 15
2.3 生態效益------------------------------- 18
2.3.1 生態效益定義-------------------------- 18
2.3.2 生態效益指標-------------------------- 19
2.3.3 生態效益座標圖------------------------ 21
三、研究設計與方法 -------------------------- 23
3.1 環保科技園區之選擇、規劃--------------- 24
3.2 建置環保科技園區環境與財務資料庫------- 28
3.3 生態效益指標量化評估------------------- 30
四、資料分析 -------------------------------- 32
4.1 價值指標分析--------------------------- 34
4.2 環境指標分析--------------------------- 34
4.2.1 能源用量評估-------------------------- 34
4.2.2 水資源用量評估------------------------ 36
4.2.3 事業廢棄物量評估---------------------- 37
4.2.4 空氣污染物排放量評估------------------ 38
4.3 生態效益比值分析----------------------- 39
4.3.1 能源生態效益-------------------------- 39
4.3.2 水資源生態效益------------------------ 41
4.3.3 事業廢棄物生態效益-------------------- 42
4.3.4 空氣污染物生態效益-------------------- 43
4.4 生態效益座標分析----------------------- 44
4.5 建立績效評估指標系統------------------- 48
五、結論與建議 ------------------------------ 54
5.1 結論----------------------------------- 54
5.2 建議----------------------------------- 57
參考文獻 ------------------------------------ 59
附錄 -------------------------------------- 65
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