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研究生:蕭宜君
研究生(外文):Yi-chun Hsiao
論文名稱:品特作品中的生存問題: 以羅恩‧賀伯特的哲學為基礎
論文名稱(外文):The Problems of Existence in Harold Pinter’s Selected Plays in Light of L. Ron Hubbard’s Philosophy
指導教授:廖本瑞廖本瑞引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pen-shui Liao
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:231
中文關鍵詞:品特賀伯特存在遊戲溝通
外文關鍵詞:PinterHubbardexistencegamecommunication
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或許在1944年當一顆炸彈飛過年僅十幾歲的品特,品特早已看透生活。對品特而言,生活就像那顆炸彈一樣,不可預期也無法控制,但人們設法以自己的方式生存下去。品特的人物活生生地存在,面臨生活的各種困境。這些困境從何而生?羅恩‧賀伯特提供了有趣的答案。羅恩‧賀伯特(1911-1986)是美國哲學家、人道學家及山達基教會的創辦者。他終其一生致力於改善人們的生活狀況,堅信只有真正的了解知識才能處理生活中遭遇的各種困境。品特與賀伯特並非平行的兩條線,他們不斷地交會在探索生活的意義與人們的存在狀況的議題中。因此,此篇論文應用賀伯特的哲學來探索品特的作品。
本篇論文共分六章。第一章緒論,說明品特的作品與生活的關聯性。第二章品特及羅恩‧賀伯特的背景介紹及賀伯特的哲學,從以下三方面探討:1. 生活就是遊戲。2. ARC三角形,其中A為親和力,R為真實性,C代表溝通。3. 存在、實踐、擁有。以這三方面的哲學為基礎,在接下來的三個對應的章節中探討如何應用這些理論分析品特的角色人物。第三章探討品特的角色人物在生活中進行的遊戲。第四章探討品特作品中,這些角色人物溝通的模式,以及導致溝通中產生敵意與對抗的原因。第五章探索這些角色人物的存在狀況。第六章針對此論文的主旨作一簡短的結論。

Perhaps when a bomb flew over Pinter’s head in his teens in 1944, Pinter already saw through what life was. Life, probably for Pinter, is something out of his expectation and control like the bomb, but people manage to survive in their own way. Pinter’s characters encounter difficulty living their lives as much as we do. How do the problems of life arise? L. Ron Hubbard provides us with some very interesting answers. L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986) was an American philosopher, humanitarian and Founder of the Church of Scientology. He devoted all his entire life to the research of how to improve the human living condition, believing that with real [mine italics] understanding of knowledge, human beings can solve every problem they encounter in life. Pinter and Hubbard are not two parallel lines; instead, when it comes to pursuing what life is and what people’s existential conditions are, they converge from time to time. Therefore, Hubbard’s philosophy is applied to the analysis of Pinter’s works in this dissertation.
The whole dissertation is divided into six chapters. The first chapter is an introduction to how Pinter’s plays can be associated with our lives. In Chapter Two Pinter’s and Hubbard’s backgrounds are briefly introduced, and the theories of L. Ron Hubbard on life are introduced and discussed mainly from three different aspects: a) life is a game; b) the ARC triangle: that is affinity, reality, and communication; c) beingness, doingness, and havingness in life. Based on these three aspects, there will be corresponding chapters devoted to showing how these theories can be applied to examining Pinter’s characters in some selected plays. Chapter Three tackles the games Pinter’s characters play in their daily life. Chapter Four deals with the mode of communication presented in Pinter’s selected plays and what is lacking in the characters’ communication that results in all the hostility and antagonism. Chapter Five entails a search for the conditions of existence of Pinter’s characters. The concluding chapter gives a brief summary of the main points of this study.

Table of Contents

I. Introduction 1
II. Pinter, Hubbard, and Hubbard’s Philosophy of Life 12
III. Life Is a Game: Freedom, Barriers and Purposes: The Birthday Party, Night School, Tea Party and Ashes to Ashes 38
IV. The A-R-C Triangle: The Dumb Waiter, A Night Out, and The Homecoming 103
V. Beingness, Doingness and Havingness: The Room, The Caretaker, and
Old Times 157
VI. Conclusion 207
Works Cited 220

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