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研究生:許雅楓
研究生(外文):Hsu, Ya Feng
論文名稱:老人依附傾向、依附對象、生命意義和憂鬱之關係研究
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship among Attachment Orientations, Attachment Figures, Meaning in Life and Depressive Emotions in Old Age
指導教授:黃素雲黃素雲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang, Su-Yun
口試委員:李百麟林達森
口試委員(外文):Li, Bai-LinLin, Da-Sen
口試日期:2014-06-19
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東教育大學
系所名稱:教育心理與輔導學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:164
中文關鍵詞:老人依附傾向依附對象生命意義老人憂鬱
外文關鍵詞:agingattachment orientationsattachment figuresmeaning in lifedepressive emotions
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:37
  • 點閱點閱:2188
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:528
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:7
本研究以342名年齡在65歲至93歲的屏東市長青學苑老人為受試者,探究老人依附傾向、依附對象、生命意義和憂鬱之關係。本研究採用問卷調查法,評估工具為成人依附量表台灣修訂版(Revised Adult Attachment Scale, Chinese Version, RAAS-C)、依附對象量表(Who to Attachment Scale, WHOTO)、簡式老年憂鬱量表(GDS-SF)及生命意義感量表(Purpose in Life Test, PIL),統計方法採用描述統計、集群分析、卡方考驗與階層迴歸分析等方法進行統計分析。研究結果如下:
一、老人依附對象的數量以一位佔多數(28%),且以伴侶(配偶或同居人)為首要依附對象為大宗(52.7%)。
二、老人的自覺經濟狀況在依附傾向上有顯著差異;老人的性別、教育程度、婚姻狀況在依附對象上有顯著差異。
三、老人依附傾向、依附對象能有效預測生命意義,尤以親密關係為依附對象最具預測力(β=0.17)。
四、老人依附傾向、依附對象及生命意義能有效預測憂鬱,尤其以生命意義最具預測力(β=-0.33)。本研究對於研究結果提出討論及相關建議,並說明研究上的限制與未來研究的建議。
The study investigated the relationship among attachment orientations, attachment figures, meaning in life and depressive emotions. Three hundred forty-two elderly persons at age 65 to 90 years from the Pingtung Evergreen College were asked to complete the RAAS-C(Revised Adult Attachment Scale, Chinese Version), the WHOTO scale (Who to Attachment Scale), the GDS-SF15(Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form 15), and the Purpose in Life Test(PIL). By performing descriptive statistics, cluster analyses, chi-square testing and hierarchical multiple regression in data analysis, four major findings were as follow:
1. Most of the elders had one attachment figure, and the most frequent primary attachment figures were romantic partners.
2. The elders who perceived different economic situation had a significant effect on attachment orientations and elders in different gender, educational level, and marital status had a significant effect on attachment figures.
3. Attachment figures and attachment orientations could predict the meaning in life, especially the romantic partner as a primary attachment figure.
4. Attachment figures, attachment orientations and meaning in life could predict the depressive emotions, particularly the meaning in life. According to the results, the researcher offered some suggestions for professional workers and further studies.
目次
第一章 緒論 ....................................................................................................................... 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 ..................................................................................... 1
第二節 研究目的 ................................................................................................. 7
第三節 研究問題 ................................................................................................. 7
第四節 名詞釋義 ................................................................................................. 7
第二章 文獻探討 ............................................................................................................. 11
第一節 老人發展的相關理論 ........................................................................... 11
第二節 依附理論與相關研究 ........................................................................... 15
第三節 依附對象的相關研究 ........................................................................... 23
第四節 老年人依附的相關研究 ....................................................................... 29
第五節 老人生命意義的相關理論與研究 ....................................................... 44
第六節 老年人憂鬱的相關理論與研究 ........................................................... 57
第三章 研究方法 ............................................................................................................. 69
第一節 研究架構 ............................................................................................... 69
第二節 研究對象 ............................................................................................... 69
第三節 研究程序 ............................................................................................... 70
第四節 研究工具 ............................................................................................... 72
第五節 研究假設 ............................................................................................... 80
第六節 資料處理與統計方法 ........................................................................... 81
第四章 研究結果與討論 ................................................................................................. 83
第一節 個人背景變項、依附、生命意義與憂鬱之描述性分析結果 ........... 83
第二節 老人依附傾向群組 ............................................................................... 89
第三節 不同背景變項的老人在老人依附之差異情形 ................................... 93
第四節 老人依附與生命意義對憂鬱之預測情形 ........................................... 98
第五節 綜合討論 ............................................................................................. 102
第五章 結論與建議 ....................................................................................................... 115
第一節、研究結論 ........................................................................................... 115
第二節 研究限制與未來研究建議 ................................................................. 116
參考文獻 ......................................................................................................................... 119
中文部分 ........................................................................................................... 119
外文部分 ........................................................................................................... 126
附錄一、受試者畫鐘測驗表現評分法計分實例 ......................................................... 139
附錄二、中文版成人依戀量表修訂版同意書 ............................................................. 140
附錄三、預試量表 ......................................................................................................... 141
附錄四、正式量表 ......................................................................................................... 148
附錄五、「老人依附傾向量表」專家審查意見表 ....................................................... 155
附錄六、華德法集群分析集聚過程 ............................................................................. 157
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