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論文名稱(外文):Factors Affecting the Strategy and Practice of Human Resource Management in China &; Taiwan
指導教授(外文):Bih-Shiaw Jaw
外文關鍵詞:TransformationPolicyLabor lawBusiness PartnerStrategic HRHRMChina &; TaiwanIndustryOwnership
  • 被引用被引用:1
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More and more companies start to recognize the importance of human resource management. The role of HR is turning from supportive administration to strategic partnership. We want to explore how the industry type, ownership and region differences affected the HRM, and most of all, what causes these differences.

We selected nearly 40 enterprises of private, state-owned and foreign ownerships in Mainland China &; Taiwan, and most of them are leaders or first-tier in each industry. The semi-structured in-depth interview was conducted at the 22 major reference companies, while information of the other 15 minor reference companies was collected through telephone interview, company websites and so on. The mass survey data was then carefully categorized, coded and analyzed.

Study found that HRM in traditional industry was more systematic and professional which revealed an inclination to competency-oriented training and a close connection with business operations and strategies. Under the needs for efficiency and effectiveness, HRM in China state-owned and private enterprises were transforming towards professionalization and institutionalization in a fast pace; while the HRM role was changing towards service and integration with business in Taiwan as contrast. Foreign companies, however, have been making great effort in localization and adaptation in order to gain more market-share and, at the same time, maintaining highly standardized protocol policy in branches around the world.

As a developing country which keeps a high growth rate in economy, China constantly revises the laws to satisfy its requirement in labor use condition. This in turn leads to an unremittingly change and adaptation of HR policy and practices to cope with the New Labor Contract Law and its amendments. As a result of wealth redistribution in social security system, both employer and employees are imposed with heavy taxes in China. Yet these are rare situation in developed country like Taiwan. Another notable distinction is that companies in China draw support from executive search agencies more extensively in recruitment than do in Taiwan due to the bigger market, higher specialization and faster expansion in China.

Under the concept of globalization and flat world, knowledge of HRM in different circumstances could better serve the HR professionals and enterprises in field of human capital planning and management. This paper aims to provide the most valuable and practical research result on HRMs across the Strait.

Key Words: China &; Taiwan, HRM, strategic HR, business partner, transformation, industry, ownership, labor law, policy
論文審定書 i
Acknowledgement ii
摘 要 iii
Abstract iv
List of Figures viii
List of Tables ix
Abbreviations x
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Research Background 1
1.2 Research Purpose 2
1.3 Research Process 3
Chapter 2 Literature Review 5
2.1 HRM Practices and Functions 5
2.2 HRM in China 10
2.3 HRM in Taiwan 12
2.4 Integration of Strategies into HRM 15
Chapter 3 Methods 16
3.1 Methodology 16
3.2 Scope &; Target 18
3.3 Question Design 24
Chapter 4 Data Processing 26
4.1 Data Collection 26
4.2 Validity 26
4.3 Reliability 27
4.4 Data Analysis 28
4.5 Data Coding 29
Chapter 5 Findings &; Analysis 32
5.1 HRM Characteristics in Different Industries 32
5.2 HRM Characteristics in Different ownerships of property 39
5.3 Impact of Law &; Policy on HRM 47
5.4 HRM Difference in Mainland China and Taiwan 54
Chapter 6 Discussion 60
6.1 HRM in Mainland China 60
6.2 HRM in Taiwan: 62
6.3 Prospective on future HRM 63
6.4 Conclusion from findings 65
6.4 Research Limitation 68
6.5 Suggestion for future research 69
6.6 Practical value for HR professionals 69
Reference 71
Appendix I: Questions for interview 78
Appendix II: Checklist &; Memo for Interview 82
Appendix III: Background &; Excerpt of Case A 83
Appendix IV: Background &; Excerpt of Case B 85
Appendix V: Background &; Excerpt of Case C 87
Appendix VI: Background &; Excerpt of Case D 103
Appendix VII: Background &; Excerpt of Case E 107
Appendix VIII: Background &; Excerpt of Case F 108
Appendix IX: Background &; Excerpt of Case G 109
Appendix X: Background &; Excerpt of Case H 111
Appendix XI: Background &; Excerpt of Case I 113
Appendix XII: Background &; Excerpt of Case J 115
Appendix XIII: Excerpt of the New Labor Contract Law 116
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