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研究生:簡祥核
研究生(外文):Siang-he Jian
論文名稱:利用3D印刷技術製作非均質碳纖維雙極板
論文名稱(外文):The fabrication of a heterogeneous composite bipolar plate with 3D printing technique
指導教授:李明三李明三引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-San Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:機械與機電工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:3D列印機3D列印組件非均質碳纖維雙極板燃料電池堆碳纖維束
外文關鍵詞:Heterogeneous composite bipolar plate3D Printerfuel cell stackfiberthe parts by 3D printing
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燃料電池中雙極板在使用上必須具備高導電性、良好的機械性質、化學穩定性高、高氣密性及低成本等優點。市面上雙極板如石墨雙極板有成本高、重量重、體積大之缺點,在組裝電池時,往往因體積龐大或重量較重,難以達成可攜式燃料電池的要求。我們實驗室所發展的非均質碳纖維雙極板、具備接觸電阻小、良好的化學穩定性、低成本及重量輕之優點。
實驗室以往所製作的雙極板組件使用射出成型製作,但卻有著研發時間長、高成本之缺點。而3D列印技術使研發時間縮短且成本降低,且利用3D列印技術製作出的組件複雜度更高。
論文探討了3D列印製作時,如何在有限的空間內,製作出較多的組件,並提升產品的良率。將3D列印後完成之組件,與實驗室製作的碳纖維束,作出非均質碳纖維雙極板,結合成燃料電池以測試其單片性能,以及6個Cell組裝之Stack的性能表現。
Bipolar plates used in a PEMFC must have high electric conductivity, good mechanical and chemical stability, low gas permeability, and low cost. For portable applications, light weight and low volume should also be considered. Our laboratory has developed a heterogeneous composite bipolar plate, which has many advantages such as low contact resistance, good chemical stability, low cost and lightweight.

The laboratory used to produce bipolar plate with injection molding technology. It needs a long development time and the cost is high. 3D printing technology is adopted in this research. The development time and cost are lowed of the bipolar plates and the complexity of the parts increased.

To produce more parts while enhancing their quality within the limited space inside the 3D printing machine are studied in this research. Parts made by 3D printing together with the laboratory produced carbon fiber were assembled to produce the heterogeneous composite bipolar plates. Subsequently, fuel cell stack composed of 6 cells is fabricated with the bipolar plates and its performance evaluated.
論文審定書 i
謝誌 ii
摘要 iii
Abstract iv
目錄 v
圖表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 燃料電池的種類與優缺點 2
1.3 研究目的與動機 8
1.4 文獻回顧 9
第二章 PEMFC工作原理與結構介紹 13
2.1 PEMFC的工作原理 13
2.2 PEMFC的結構介紹 14
2.2.1 膜電極組 ( Membrane Electrode Assembly,MEA): 14
2.2.1.1 質子交換膜 (Membrane) 14
2.2.1.2 催化層 (Catalyst Layer,CL) 15
2.2.1.3 氣體擴散層 (Gas Diffusion Layer,GDL) 16
2.3 燃料電池的極化現象 17
第三章 實驗材料與儀器設備之介紹 19
3.1 實驗材料 19
3.2 儀器設備 22
第四章 雙極板製作與電池組裝後之性能測試 32
4.1 雙極板的材料選擇 32
4.2 碳纖維束之製作 36
4.3 3D Printer介紹及3D組件之製作 37
4.4 非均質碳纖維雙極板組件之組裝 42
4.5 非均質碳纖維雙極板燃料電池堆之組裝 44
4.6 非均質碳纖維雙極板燃料電池堆之測試與問題探討 45
4.6.1 Single Cell 46
4.6.2 6 Cell Stack 47
4.6.3 問題探討 48
第五章 結論與建議 50
參考文獻 51
(1.)“Carbon composite Bipolar plate for PEM Fuel Cells”,T.M. Besmann, James Klett, and J.J.Henry, Journal of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies, 2003, Pages 1-4.
(2.) “Development of low-cost, light-weight construction material for gas flow fields and bipolar plates is a major hurdle for the broad commercialization of PEMFCs”,S.Gamburzev, A.John Appleby, Journal of Power Sources, V. 107, 2002, Pages 5-12.
(3.) “Development of a heterogeneous composite bipolar plate of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell”,Ming-San Lee, Long-Jeng Chen, Zheng-Ru He, Shih-Hong Yang, The Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology, 2004, Pages 14-19.
(4.) “Effect of gas diffusion layer compression on the performance in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell”,Jui-Hsiang Lin, Wei-Hung Chen, Yen-Ju Su, Tse-Hao Ko, Fuel 87, 2008, Pages 2420-2424.
(5.) “Design and manufacturing of end plates of a 5 kW PEM fuel cell”,S. Asghari, M.H. Shahsamandi, M.R. Ashraf Khorasani, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 35, Issue 17, September 2010, Pages 9291-9297.
(6.) “Study of gas pressure and flow rate influences on a 500W PEM fuel cell, thanks to the experimental design methodology”,B. Wahdame, D. Candusso, Jean- Marie Kauffmann, Journal of power Sources, Volume 156, Issue 1, 19 May 2006, Pages 92-99.
(7.) “Operating characteristics of an air-cooling PEMFC for portable applications”,Young-Jun Sohn, Gu-Gon Park, Tae-Hyun Yang, Young-Gi Yoon, Won-Yong Lee, Sung-Dae Yim, Chang-Soo Kim, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 145, Issue 2, 18 August 2005, Pages 604-609.
(8.) “Carbon composite Bipolar Plate for PEM Fuel Cells”,Ted besmann, James Klett, John Henry, Jr. and Edgar Lara-curzio, Journal of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies, 2005, Pages 1-4.
(9.) “Determining fabrication orientations for rapid prototyping with Stereolithography apparatus”,Po-Ting Lan, Shuo-Yan Chou, Lin-Lin Chen, Douglas Gemmill, Computer-Aided Design, Volume 29, Issue 1, January 1997, Pages 53–62
(10.)“Additive manufacturing based on optimized mask video ojection for improved accuracy and resolution”,Chi Zhou, Yong Chen, Journal of Manufacturing Processes, Volume 14, Issue 2, April 2012, Pages 107–118.
(11.)“碳纖維束單/雙極板結構對PEM燃料電池性能影響之探討”,陳威呈,碩士論文,國立中山大學機械與機電工程研究所,中華民國98年9月
(12.)“500W燃料電池MEA製作之性能”,蔡柏鋒,碩士論文,國立中山大學機械與機電工程研究所,中華民國101年2月
(13.)“具非均質雙極板之燃料電池堆”,賴政志,碩士論文,國立中山大學機械與機電工程研究所,中華民國102年9月
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