(100.26.179.251) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/12 21:53
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:徐嘉佑 
研究生(外文):Hsu,Chia Yu
論文名稱:運用多通道收發器於無線感測網路之多媒體傳輸
論文名稱(外文):Multimedia Communications with Multi-channel Transceiver in WSNs
指導教授:張林煌張林煌引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang,Lin huang
口試委員:竇其仁廖俊鑑朱鴻棋李宗翰張林煌
口試委員(外文):Dow,Chyi RenLiaw,Jiun JianChu,Hung ChiLee,Tsung HanChang,Lin huang
口試日期:2014-07-08
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺中教育大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:無線感測網路語音編碼技術影像編碼技術無線傳輸晶片CC2530
外文關鍵詞:WSNZigbeex264cc2530
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:117
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
過去數年來無線感測網路(Wireless Sensor Network, WSN)已成為監控各種環境及物理現象等應用的主要技術,隨著技術的成熟甚至能夠於Zigbee網路中傳送多媒體串流資訊,但在即時性的服務上還是有相當的難度因此在有限資源的Zigbee網路中提供即時性多媒體服務為本論文主要目的。本論文設計與實作一個提供即時性的多媒體串流多通道收發器(Tranciver)結合多媒體壓縮技術「Speex」、「X264」降低傳輸資料量,透過Zigbee無線感測網路資料傳輸,並利用多點跳躍方式延長其通訊距離。
無線感測網路具有短距離以及低傳輸率的特性,本論文主要目的在於克服在這些限制下如何進行多媒體資料的傳輸以及維持多媒體資料的服務品質。本論中使用鏈狀拓樸的設計以延長傳輸距離,並於傳輸排程機制上結合多天線多通道排程機制提升整體網路吞吐量(Throughput)、降低延遲,以維持遠距離傳輸之即時(real-time)性。
最後分別於不同距離下進行多媒體傳輸和量測,並分析壓縮技術、封包遺失(Packet loss)、延遲(delay)對於多媒體服務品質(Quality of Service)產生的影響。

Over the past few years, wireless sensor network (WSN) has become the main technology to monitor environmental and physical phenomena. As the technology matures, even in the Zigbee network it is possible to send multimedia streaming data. Therefore, the main purpose of this thesis is to provide real-time services in the Zigbee network. The design and implementation of the thesis will provide real-time multimedia streaming multi-channel transceiver, which combined voice compression technology open source Speex and video compression technology, open source x264 to reduce the amount of multimedia streaming data. Open source x264 this research will make use of multi-hop to extend its communication distance over Zigbee network.
Due to the Characteristics of short transmission distance and low transmission rate for WSN. The main purpose of this thesis is to provide the transmission of multimedia data will maintaining multimedia quality of service in WSNs. This thesis deployed a chain topology design to extend the transmission distance and combine multi-radio multi-channel scheduling mechanism with transmission technology to improve the overall network throughput, latency, in order to maintain long-distance transmission of real-time. Finally, carry on multimedia transmission and measurement at different distances, and analyze the effect about Quality of Service with compression technology, Packet loss and delay.
Finally the thesis conducted a testbed with different transmission distances and scenario to analyze the quality of multimedia service using purposed multi-radio multi-channel media in WSNs

摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
第一章緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 3
1.3 論文架構 4
第二章文獻探討 5
2.1 IEEE 802.15.4與ZIGBEE介紹 5
2.2 多媒體串流資訊壓縮技術簡介 8
2.2.1Speex語音壓縮技術簡介 10
2.2.2 H.264和x264影像壓縮技術簡介 11
2.3語音品質指標與量測方法 13
2.3.1 Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Quality, PESQ 14
2.3.2E-Model與PESQ結合之語音品質量測 16
2.4多媒體傳輸於無線感測網路相關文獻探討 19
2.4.1語音於無線感測網路傳輸 19
2.4.2影像於無線感測網路 20
2.4.3多通道機制於無線感測網路 21
第三章無線多通道收發器 23
3.1多通道收發器-系統架構 23
3.2多媒體串流封包格式定義 27
3.3多媒體串流鏈狀路由機制 31
3.3.1單天線單通道傳輸機制 32
3.3.2單天線多通道傳輸機制 34
3.3.3多天線三通道傳輸機制 37
3.3.2多天線六通道傳輸機制 39
第四章系統測試與效能分析 41
4.1 系統測試平台架構 41
4.2 系統實測與分析 45
4.2.1 系統延遲測量分析 46
4.2.2 SRSC傳輸機制效能量測與分析 53
4.2.3 SRMC傳輸機制效能量測與分析 58
4.2.4 MRTC傳輸機制效能量測與分析 62
4.2.5 MRSC傳輸機制效能量測與分析 66
4.2.3最大多跳傳輸節點數量 72
第五章影像傳輸與品質分析 74
第六章結論與未來研究方向 79
6.1結論 79
6.2 未來研究方向 80
參考文獻 81


[1]X. Jiang, G. Zhou, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, "Wireless sensor networks for forest environmental monitoring." Conference on Information Science and Engineering (ICISE), pp. 2514-2517, 2010.
[2]I. F. Akyildiz, T. Melodia, and K. R. Chowdhury, “A survey on wireless multimedia sensor networks,” Computer Networks, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 921-960, 2007.
[3]Z. Alliance, and Z. Specifications, “ZigBee Document 053474r17,” ZigBee Specification.(January 2008) http://www. zigbee. org, 2008.
[4]IEEE 802.15.4 standard: Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specification for Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPANs), Oct. 2003
[5]M. O. Farooq, and T. Kunz, "Contiki-based IEEE 802.15. 4 node's throughput and wireless channel utilization analysis." IFIP Wireless Days (WD), pp. 1-3, 2012.
[6]I. Rec, "G. 728: Coding of speech at 16 kbit/s using low-delay code excited linear prediction," Geneva, 1994.
[7]M. Bosi, K. Brandenburg, S. Quackenbush, L. Akagiri, H. Fuchs, M. Dietz, “ISO/IEC MPEG-2 advanced audio coding,” Journal of the Audio engineering society, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 789-814, 1997.
[8]A. Tamhankar, and K. Rao, "An overview of H. 264/MPEG-4 Part 10." 4th EURASIP Conference focused on Video/Image Processing and Multimedia Communications, pp. 1-51, 2003.
[9]G. J. Sullivan, J. Ohm, W.-J. Han, T. Wiegand, “Overview of the high efficiency video coding (HEVC) standard,” Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 1649-1668, 2012.
[10]P. Wang, R. Dai, and I. F. Akyildiz, "Collaborative data compression using clustered source coding for wireless multimedia sensor networks,"Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM, pp. 1-9, 2010.
[11]Y. Wang, J. Ostermann, and Y.-Q. Zhang, Video processing and communications: Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, 2002.
[12]Speex: a free codec for free speech, http://www.speex.org
[13]E. Touloupis, A. Meliones, and S. Apostolacos, "Implementation and evaluation of a voice codec for ZigBee." IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, pp. 341-347, 2011.
[14]T. Wiegand, G. J. Sullivan, G. Bjontegaard, A. Luthra, “Overview of the H. 264/AVC video coding standard,” Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 560-576, 2003.
[15]I. Rec, “H. 262| ISO/IEC 13818-2,” Information technology—Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information—Video, 2000.
[16]JVT:Joint Video Team, http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/studygroups/com16/video/Pages/jvt.aspx
[17]L. Merritt, and R. Vanam, “x264: A high performance H. 264/AVC encoder,” online] http://neuron2. net/library/avc/overview_x264_v8_5. pdf, 2006.
[18]G. L. G. P. License, “GNU Lesser General Public License,” 1991.
[19]I. Richardson, “An Overview of H.264 Advanced Video Coding,” Vcodex White Paper, March 2007
[20]A. Khan, L. Sun, E. Jammeh, E. Ifeachor, “Quality of experience-driven adaptation scheme for video applications over wireless networks,” IET communications, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 1337-1347, 2010.
[21]ITU-T P.800, "Methods for subjective determination of transmission quality," 1996. [Online]. Available: http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-P.800/en
[22]ITU-T G.107, "The e-model, a computational model for use in transmission planning," 2005. [Online]. Available: http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-G.107/en
[23]International Telecommunication Union, “Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Quality (PESQ), An Objective Method for End-to-end Speech Quality Assessment of Narrowband Telephone Networks and Speech Codecs,” ITU-T Recommendation P.862, Feb. 2001
[24]S. M. Besen, “The European telecommunications standards institute: A preliminary analysis,” Telecommunications policy, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 521-530, 1990.
[25]ITU-T G.107, "The e-model, a computational model for use in transmission planning," 2005. [Online]. Available: http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-G.107/en
[26]L. Sun, “Speech Quality Prediction for Voice Over Internet Protocol Networks,” Ph. D dissertation, Unvi. Plymouth, Plymouth, U.K., Jan. 2004
[27]R. G. Cole and J. Rosenbluth, “Voice over IP performance monitoring,” ACM Computer Communication Review, vol. 31, no 2, pp.9-23, Apr. 2001
[28]Cisco Systems Inc, “Understanding Delay in Packet Voice Networks”, Cisco Press, Jul. 2008
[29]R. Mangharam, A. Rowe, R. Rajkumar, R. Suzuki, "Voice over sensor networks.",27th IEEE International Real-Time Systems Symposium, pp. 291-302, 2006.
[30]H. Y. Song, and S. H. Cho, “Performances of IEEE 802.15.4 Unslotted CSMA-CA for Voice Communications,”The 17th Asia-Pacific Conference on Communications, 2011.
[31]H. Y. Song, H. C. Yoon, and S. H. Cho, “Implementation and analysis of IEEE 802.15.4 MAC for Voice Communications,” The 4th Joint Workshop between HYU and BUPT, 2009.
[32]E. Touloupis, A. Meliones, and S. Apostolacos, “Speech codecs for high-quality voice over ZigBee applications: Evaluation and implementation challenges,” IEEE Communications Magazine,, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 122-128, 2012.
[33]D. Brunelli, M. Maggiorotti, L. Benini, F. L. Bellifemine, "Analysis of audio streaming capability of zigbee networks," Wireless Sensor Networks, pp. 189-204: Springer, 2008.
[34]T. Instruments, "Datasheet. CC2430," 2010.
[35]H. Yoon, and J. Lee, "Efficient Voice Communications over Wireless Sensor Networks," Springer on Ubiquitous Information Technologies and Applications, pp. 549-555, 2014.
[36]C. Wang and K. Sohraby, "Voice Communications over ZigBee Networks", IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 46, iss. 1, pp. 121-127, Jan. 2008
[37]M. Petracca, M. Ghibaudi, R. Pelliccia and P. Pagano, "Perceptual Voice Communications in IEEE 802.15.4 Networks for the Emergency Management Support", Proceedings of 2nd Baltic Congress on Future Internet Communications (BCFIC), pp. 121-126, Apr 25-27, 2012.
[38]M. Soyturk and D.T. Altilar, "Reliable Real-Time Data Acquisition for Rapidly Deployable Mission-Critical Wireless Sensor Networks", Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, pp. 1-6, Apr 13-18, 2008.
[39]X. Liang, I. Balasingham and V.C.M. Leung, "Cooperative Communications with Relay Selection for QoS Provisioning in Wireless Sensor Networks", Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM 2009, pp. 1-8, Nov. 30-Dec. 4, 2009.
[40]M.Y. Naderi, H.R. Rabiee, M. Khansari and M. Salehi, "Error control for multimedia communications in wireless sensor networks: A comparative performance analysis", Ad Hoc Networks, 2012.
[41]T.F. Abdelzaher, S. Prabh and R. Kiran, "On Real-time Capacity Limits of Multihop Wireless Sensor Networks", Proceedings of the 25th IEEE International Real-Time Systems Symposium (RTSS 2004), pp. 359-370, Dec. 5-8, 2004.
[42]O. Turkes, and S. Baydere, "Voice quality analysis in wireless multimedia sensor networks: An experimental study." Seventh International Conference on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing (ISSNIP), pp. 317-322, 2011.
[43]P. Wang, R. Dai and I.F. Akyildiz, "Collaborative Data Compression Using Clustered Source Coding for Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks", Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM 2010, pp. 1-9, Mar. 14-19, 2010.
[44]S. Pudlewski, and T. Melodia, “A distortion-minimizing rate controller for wireless multimedia sensor networks,” Computer Communications, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 1380-1390, 2010.
[45]R. Singh, and M. Pant, “Wireless Multimedia Sensor Network: A Review,” International Journal of Emerging Trends in Science and Technology, vol. 1, no. 02, 2014.
[46]N.-S. Ismail, F. Yunus, S. Ariffin et al., "MPEG-4 video transmission using distributed TDMA MAC protocol over IEEE 802.15. 4 wireless technology." International Conference on Simulation and Applied Optimization (ICMSAO), pp. 1-6, 2011.
[47]H. B. Kazemian, "An intelligent video streaming technique in zigbee wireless." IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, pp. 121-126, 2009.
[48]S. B. Qaisar, and H. Radha, "Multipath multi-stream distributed reliable video delivery in wireless sensor networks." 43rd Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems, pp. 207-212, 2009.
[49]S. Paniga, L. Borsani, A. Redondi, M. Tagliasacchi, M. Cesana, "Experimental evaluation of a video streaming system for wireless multimedia sensor networks." 10th IFIP Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (Med-Hoc-Net), pp. 165-170.
[50]Imote2: Imote2–Tiny OS Wiki, http://tinyos.stanford.edu/tinyos-wiki/index.php/Imote2
[51]T. Instruments, “CC2420: 2.4 GHz IEEE 802.15. 4/ZigBee-ready RF Transceiver,” Available at Available at http://www.ti.com/lit/gpn/cc2420, 2006.
[52]S. Guo, and T. Little, "Qos-enabled video streaming in wireless sensor networks." 9th IEEE International Symposium on Network Computing and Applications (NCA), pp. 214-217, 2010..
[53]I. Politis, M. Tsagkaropoulos, and S. Kotsopoulos, "Optimizing video transmission over wireless multimedia sensor networks." IEEE GLOBECOM Global Telecommunications Conference,pp. 1-6, 2008.
[54]D. Ruffieux, J. Chabloz, M. Contaldo, F. X. Pengg, P. Tortori, C. Enz, “A narrowband multi-channel 2.4 GHz MEMS-based transceiver,” Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 228-239, 2009.
[55]K.-H. Phung, T. Ngo-Quynh, H. Luong-Duc, T. Nguyen-Huu, "Improving performance of wireless sensors networks by using multichannel communications." 10th International Conference on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology (ECTI-CON), pp. 1-6, 2013.
[56]C. Buengbon, C. Tanwongvarl, and S. Chantaraskul, "Multi-channel collection tree protocol for wireless sensor networks." 10th International Conference on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology (ECTI-CON),pp. 1-5, 2013.
[57]O. D. Incel, “A survey on multi-channel communication in wireless sensor networks,” Computer Networks, vol. 55, no. 13, pp. 3081-3099, 2011.
[58]S. González-Valenzuela, H. Cao, and V. C. Leung, "A multi-channel approach for video forwarding in wireless sensor networks." 7th IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC), pp. 1-5, 2010.
[59]S. M. A. Zaidi, J. Jung, B. Song, H. Lee, H.-Y. Youn, "Multi-Channel Multi-Path video transmission over wireless sensor networks." IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC), pp. 277-282, 2013.
[60]M. Debbah, “Multiple Antenna Technologies,” 2008.
[61]D. Gong, M. Zhao, and Y. Yang, "A multi-channel cooperative MIMO MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks." IEEE 7th International Conference on Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems, pp. 11-20, 2010.
[62]G. Coley, "BeagleBone Black System Reference Manual," PDF, 2013.
[63]T. Instruments, "CC2530 data sheet," 2009.
[64]F25L016A datasheet , http://www.datasheet4u.com
[65]I. C. S. L. M. S. Committee, "Wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications," IEEE Std, 1997.
[66]T. Instruments, “AM335x ARM Cortex-A8 Microprocessors (MPUs),” Technical Reference Manual, 2013.
[67]ITU-T Recommendation P.50: “Artificial Voice, Telephone Transmission Quality Objective measuring apparatus”, 1993
[68]R. ITU-T, and I. Recommend, “G. 114,” One-way transmission time, vol. 18, 2000.
[69]Q. Huynh-Thu, and M. Ghanbari, “Scope of validity of PSNR in image/video quality assessment,” Electronics letters, vol. 44, no. 13, pp. 800-801, 2008.
[70]A. Westfeld, "Lessons from the BOWS contest." Proceedings of the 8th workshop on Multimedia and security, pp. 208-213, 2006.
[71]O. Elbadawy, M. R. El-Sakka, and M. S. Kamel, "An information theoretic image-quality measure." IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, pp. 169-172, 1998.
[72]E. Karimi, and B. Akbari, "Improving video delivery over wireless multimedia sensor networks based on queue priority scheduling." 7th International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing (WiCOM), pp. 1-4, 2011.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔