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研究生:楊乃豪
研究生(外文):Yang, Nai-Hao
論文名稱:室溫下應力誘發氧化鋅奈米晶體成長與機制研究
論文名稱(外文):Spontaneous growth and mechanism of stress-induced ZnO nanocrystals in ambient atmosphere at room temperature
指導教授:林樹均張守一
指導教授(外文):Lin, Su-JienChang, Shou-Yi
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:材料科學工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:159
中文關鍵詞:氧化鋅應力誘發BHR 機制
外文關鍵詞:ZnOStress-inducedBHR mechanism
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由於良好的光電特性,一維氧化物的奈米結構已被廣泛研究。高溫的氣相成長法與低溫的水溶液法也已被用來製備多種氧化物的奈米結構。然而要將這些奈米結構做應用的圖型化生長,往往需要複雜的製備過程、較高的反應溫度、昂貴的設備、化學藥劑與晶種層的使用等等。本研究利用奈米壓痕儀在常溫與不使用化學藥劑的情況下,直接對 ZnO 與 TiO2 的氧化物薄膜進行壓痕與刮痕測試,透過應力誘發的方式來成長一維的 ZnO 與 TiO2 奈米結構。由於極大應力的施加使得氧化物表面產生斷鍵,並在潮濕的氛圍下隨後產生水解反應與晶體重構 (定義為 斷鍵-水解-重構 的機制),隨後自發性成長一維氧化物的奈米結構。此一維氧化物奈米結構直接從薄膜上選擇定位生長的方法,也為未來一維氧化物奈米結構作圖形化生長提供了一個環保且新穎的方法。
One-dimensional oxide-based nanostructures have been intensively studied because of their excellent optoelectronic properties. Due to the drawbacks of vapor-phase or aqueous solution growth, including complex processes, high synthesis temperatures, expensive precursors, and also preceding patterned seeding or subsequent patterning processes, there is an urgent need to grow patterned nanostructures by a simple and direct process at low temperatures. In the present study, stress-induced growths of one-dimensional single-crystalline ZnO and TiO2 nanostructures directly from ZnO and TiO2 films, respectively, in an ambient atmosphere at room temperature were developed by indentation or scratching without the use of any reaction precursors. Under large applied stresses oxide bonds broke assisted by hydrolysis in the presence of moisture, and subsequently were reconstructed (defined as a bond breaking-hydrolysis-reconstruction mechanism) leading to the spontaneous growth of one-dimensional nanocrystals. The direct growth at controlled locations provides an opportunity for the simple preparation of patterned nanostructures of oxide-based materials.
摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
Content VII
List of Figures XI
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1. One-dimensional nanostructure 1
1.2. Introduction and application of one-dimensional ZnO nanostructure 2
1.3. Synthesis method for 1-D ZnO nanostructure 7
1.4. Growth of stress-induced nanostructure 11
1.5. The interaction of H2O and metal oxide surface 17
1.6. Mechanochemistry 22
1.7. How Zn(OH)2 convert to ZnO 26
Chapter 2. Experiment 31
2.1. Producer of experiment 31
2.1.1. Synthesis of ZnO films 31
2.1.2. Synthesis of TiO2 films 31
2.1.3. The process of indent and scratch on ZnO and TiO2 films 34
2.1.4. The storage condition of the specimens 37
2.1.5. Thermal heating of stress-induced nanostructure 37
2.1.6. The preparation of TEM specimens 38
2.2. Instrument introduction 39
2.2.1. X-ray Diffractometer 39
2.2.2. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) 39
2.2.3. Dual-Beam Focused Ion Beam (DB-FIB) 40
2.2.4. Field Emission Transmission Electron Microscopy (FETEM) 41
2.2.5. Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS) 42
2.2.6. Raman spectroscopy 43
2.2.7. Cathodoluminescsnce (CL) and Photoluminescsnce (PL) measurement 45
Chapter 3. Results and Discussions 46
3.1. Spontaneous growth of one-dimensional ZnO nanocrystals in ambient atmosphere at room temperature 46
3.1.1. Foreword 46
3.1.2. The analysis of as-deposited ZnO films 47
3.1.3. Growth of ZnO nanocrystals from film by nanoindenter 48
3.1.4. Growth mechanism of oxide-based nanocrystals 52
3.1.5. Growth of one-dimensional TiO2 nanocrystals 57
3.1.6. Optoelectronic properties and fabrication feasibility 59
3.2. Stress-induced interaction of ZnO film surface with water 69
3.2.1. Foreword 69
3.2.2. Growth of nanowire at different experimental condition 70
3.2.3. Observation of interfaces between nanowire and ZnO films 73
3.2.4. Raman analyses of different region on scratched ZnO films 79
3.3. Structural evolution of single-crystalline ZnO nanowires 92
3.3.1. Foreword 92
3.3.2. TEM analyses of dehydration on the surface of Zn(OH)2 93
3.3.3. Formation of ZnO nanowire from Zn(OH)2-hydrate nanowire 96
3.3.4. Structural evolution and mechanism of ZnO nanowire 98
Chapter 4. Conclusions 110
Chapter 5. Future works 113
Reference 114

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