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研究生:楊婉妤
研究生(外文):Yang, Wan-Yu
論文名稱:以前瞻構框
論文名稱(外文):Foresight as Framing
指導教授:洪世章洪世章引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:科技管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:全國科學技術會議構框理論前瞻
外文關鍵詞:National Science and Technology Conferenceframing theoryforesight
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本研究藉由探討全國科學技術會議先期籌備會議的參與者如何運用構框策略來籌備全國科學技術會議,並作為未來科技政策的參考(framing policy)。現今國家政策能否推行成功,仰賴前瞻是否為此政策帶來經濟與社會上的正面影響,前瞻的宗旨為系統地探究科學、技術、經濟與社會長期未來發展的過程,其目的是找出可能產生最大經濟與社會利益的科技領域,透過構框理論建立一套詮釋外在世界的架構過程,並納入策略與組織的考量,深入探討前瞻背後所帶來的意涵以及影響。此研究採用個案分析法,透過第九次全國科學技術會議之籌備過程舉辦的規劃會議、工作會議、院士和部會首長之記錄,了解前瞻執行內容以及執行效果,反饋未來前瞻的施行目標與方法。透過此會議記錄與訪談所獲得的初級資料,並參考相關之文獻與次級資料後,加以歸納分析並進一步嘗試建立一個新的科技政策之前瞻規劃。
This study draws on the framing strategy to identify how the actors engage with organizational level of the political strategy making process. The country policy can success is depends on whether foresight can bring positive effect on economy and society. The aim of foresight is to explore the process of long-term future development on science, technology, economy and society systematically; besides, the purpose of foresight is to find out the technology field where is most possible to produce greatest economic and social benefits. Through framing theory to build a set of process to express external framing and take the strategy and organization into account, then discuss the meaning and effect which foresight brings. This research adopts case study, and through case can understand foresight content and effect on each country also can have ideal feedback to future. This plan serve as a basis for formulating scientific and technological research and development. With the participation of scholars, industry experts, and the representatives from government agencies, we evaluated how those actors framing theory for the discussion at the National Science and Technology Conference.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 v
表目錄 vi
第一章 導論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究問題 1
第三節 研究方法 1
第四節 研究對象 2
第二章 構框理論 4
第一節 構框理論 4
第二節 微觀領域的框架分析:行為認知 9
第三節 認知框架和參考框架 9
第四節 認知框架和改變 10
第五節 構框成見和效果 10
第三章 文獻探討 12
第一節 溝通過程的策略規劃 12
一、意義 12
二、理論架構 13
三、研究發現 14
第二節 何謂前瞻? 16
一、前瞻的定義 16
二、前瞻的重要性 20
第三節 前瞻類型 21
一、前瞻的類型 21
第四節 前瞻階段 24
一、前瞻過程主要的要素和階段 24
二、前瞻活動各階段重要內涵 27
第五節 各國前瞻發展情形 29
一、各國家的前瞻發展情形 29
二、自己家標題 40
第六節 前瞻方法工具 42
一、前瞻的方法論工具 42
二、前瞻在政策制定中如同嵌入的慣例 46
第四章 個案分析 48
第五章 討論與結論 53
參考文獻 55

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1. 洪世章、曾詠青,(2014),師出有名:如何做好政策行銷,產業與管理論壇,第16期第2卷,(已接受)。
2. 洪世章、曾詠青,(2014),師出有名:如何做好政策行銷,產業與管理論壇,第16期第2卷,(已接受)。
3. 柯承恩, 戴元峰,2010-01,「論遠景思維與國家前瞻治理」,國會月刊,第453(39/1)期,頁:23-39。最後一次拜訪日期:2013年10月28日。
4. 柯承恩, 戴元峰,2010-01,「論遠景思維與國家前瞻治理」,國會月刊,第453(39/1)期,頁:23-39。最後一次拜訪日期:2013年10月28日。
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