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研究生(外文):Chen, Tsun-Yi
論文名稱(外文):Design, Fabrication and Characteristic Analysis of Transparent Flexible Tactile Sensor
指導教授(外文):Chen, RongshunLo, Cheng-Yao
外文關鍵詞:tactile sensorflexible displayflexible and transparentpulling force detection
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Recently, flexible electronics technology becomes more and more attractive in industry, due to the advantages of light weight, easy fabrication, large area, flexible, sustain shock and low cost. The applications of flexible electronic have been widely found, especially in flexible display and tactile sensor. Therefore, we designed and fabricated a novel tactile sensor for a joystick and hope it can be applied on flexible display to control 3D virtual image.
In this thesis, a novel flexible and transparent tactile sensor which consists four capacitors in one sensing cell, is proposed with the desired properties: flexible, transparent, able to be touched by any objects and support multi-touch. The concept of the developed sensor is able to detect normal, shear, and pulling forces. The pulling force can be detected since friction-Assisted pulling force is implemented in the proposed sensor. The long-term goal of this study is using the normal, shear, and pulling force to control the 3D image and is applied to a flexible display.
The model of the sensor is first established, then the commercial software is utilized to simulate the behavior and to test the performance of the device. Fabrication such as photolithography, deeply etching, sputter, demold, alignment and bonding are processed to produce the sensor. The readout circuit is designed and realized, and the experiment is setup to verify the design concept of the proposed sensor. Furthermore, the bending characteristic of flexible tactile sensor is also analyzed. The relationship between bending radii and initial capacitance is studied and the performance of tactile sensor under different bending curvature is also investigated.
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究背景與動機 3
1.3 文獻回顧 5
1.4 本文架構 24
第二章 觸覺感測器之設計與模擬 26
2.1 簡介 26
2.2 電容式觸覺感測器之感測原理 28
2.3 元件撓曲破壞分析與曲率半徑演算法則 29
2.4 觸覺感測器之設計架構 32
2.5 觸覺感測器之運作原理 36
2.6 模擬結果 39
2.6.1 正向力模擬 40
2.6.2 側向力模擬 42
2.6.3 拉力模擬 44
2.6.4 摩擦力協助的拉力模擬 45
2.6.5 元件之彎曲模擬 47
2.7 小結 50
第三章 元件之製作流程 52
3.1 元件製作流程 52
3.2 電極製作 53
3.3 矽基板模仁與PDMS結構層 55
3.3.1 矽基板模仁 56
3.3.2 PDMS旋塗製程 56
3.4 對準、黏合以及脫模製程 58
3.5 小結 61
第四章 元件之量測結果與分析 62
4.1 讀出電路(Readout circuit) 62
4.1.1 數位電容感測晶片 62
4.1.2 控制器 62
4.1.3 多工器 63
4.1.4 訊號運作流程與電路實體圖 63
4.2 實驗架設 65
4.3 正向力量測結果 70
4.4 側向力量測結果 71
4.5 拉力量測結果 72
4.6 摩擦力協助的拉力量測結果 73
4.7 實驗結果與模擬結果比較 74
4.8 元件於曲面下操作之量測結果 76
4.9 穿透率以及應用 77
4.10 小結 79
第五章 結論與未來工作 81
5.1 結論 81
5.2 未來工作 83
參考文獻 84
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