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研究生:邱詩詠
研究生(外文):Chiu, Shih-Yung
論文名稱:台灣女性大學畢業生勞動市場表現之實證研究論文集
論文名稱(外文):Three Essays on the Labor Market Outcomes of Female College Graduates in Taiwan
指導教授:莊慧玲莊慧玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chuang, Hwei-Lin
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2014
畢業學年度:102
語文別:英文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:女性大學畢業生勞動市場表現
外文關鍵詞:Female College GraduatesLabor Market Outcomes
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本論文是由三篇實證研究及其相關的討論所組成。三篇實證文章皆是關於台灣高等教育研究機構女性畢業生的勞動市場表現。第一章是介紹這三篇研究的動機和主要結論。論文中所使用的實證資料皆來自於台灣高等教育資料庫,我們會在第二章介紹這個獨特的資料庫。第三章是探討校園生活中參與體能性活動是否會對畢業後的起薪有所影響。我們發現那些參加體能性活動學生的薪資水準比沒有參加體能性活動學生的薪資水準高約3.1%。此外,不只是投入體能性活動的強度很重要,持續的參加體能性活動也扮演重要的角色。
第四章的內容是關於在校期間打工對於找到第一份工作的時間和起薪的影響。實證結果顯示:求學期間的工作經驗的確會幫助畢業後的勞動市場表現(包括比平均的人還要快找到第一份工作和有較高約5%的起薪)。此外,相對於校內打工,校外打工是一個比較好的選擇。當我們考慮兩種不同學校類型(一般大學和技術學院)的差異,學生的打工經驗似乎對技術學院學校的學生有較大的影響力。
在最後一章,我們檢驗了就業力與勞動市場表現的關係。我們發現就業力變數的確能解釋一些薪資差異。組成就業力的各技能在不同的職業間有不同的影響力。然而,沒有任何一項就業力技能對各個職業都是有價值的,或者是說,自我評估的各項就業力技能在各職業間的重要性是不一樣。
This dissertation is composed of three empirical studies on the labor outcomes of female college graduates in Taiwan and the related discussions. The first chapter introduces the motivation and the main results of the three studies. The empirical data used in the dissertation come from the Taiwan Higher Education Dataset (THED), with chapter 2 describing this unique dataset. In chapter 3 we investigate the effects of participation in physical activities during college life on starting salary. We find students who participate in physical activities could earn about 3.1% more than those who do not participate in physical activities. In addition, not only is the intensity of participation in physical activities important, but the persistence of physical activities also plays a critical role.
In chapter 4 we provide empirical evidence about the influence of working while in school on the time it takes to find the first job and the starting salary. Our results show that work experience indeed brings benefits to students’ future labor outcomes (including both the time to find their first job and the starting salary). Moreover, working off-campus is a better choice relative to working on-campus, and those working during the semester seem to find their first post-graduation job quicker as well as receive about 5% higher earnings. When we consider two different school types (colleges/universities and institutions of technology), the results present that student employment has more influential effects upon those who graduated from institutions of technology.
In the final chapter we examine the relationship between employability and labor market performance and find that the variables of employability skills indeed do explain some wage variation. Employability skills show more diverse effects across occupational earning levels. However, no one characteristic of employability skills is valuable for all occupations; that is, the effect of self-assessed employability skills varies across occupations.
Ch 1 Introduction .................................................................................................... 1
Ch 2 Summary Description of the Dataset ............................................................. 4
2.1 Introduction ................................................................................................ 4
2.2 College Students’ Questionnaire ................................................................ 5
2.2.1 The Content of the Questionnaire in the Freshmen Year ............... 6
2.2.2 The Content of the Questionnaire in the Junior Year ..................... 6
2.2.3 The Content of the Questionnaire in the Senior Year .................... 7
2.2.4 The Content of the Questionnaire One Year after Graduation ....... 7
2.3 Key Questions ............................................................................................ 8
Reference ..................................................................................................................... 10
Ch 3 Effects of Participation in Physical Activities on Starting Salary ................ 11
3.1 Introduction .............................................................................................. 11
3.2 Literature Review and Conceptual Framework ....................................... 12
3.3 Empirical Method .................................................................................... 15
3.4 Data .......................................................................................................... 16
3.5 Empirical Results ..................................................................................... 19
3.5.1 Participation and Intensity of Physical Activities ........................ 20
3.5.2 Persistence of Physical Activities ................................................ 21
3.5.3 Time Gap between the Freshman Year and the Junior Year of College …………………………………………………………………………………………………23
3.6 Conclusion ............................................................................................... 23
Reference ..................................................................................................................... 25
Appendix ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..38
Ch 4 Effects of Working While Enrolled on Labor Outcomes ............................. 42
4.1 Introduction .............................................................................................. 42
4.2 Conceptual Framework ............................................................................ 43
4.3 Data .......................................................................................................... 46
4.4 Method ..................................................................................................... 49
4.5 Results ...................................................................................................... 51
4.5.1 Effects of Working While Enrolled .............................................. 51
4.5.2 Effects of Job Characteristics ....................................................... 53
4.6 Conclusion ............................................................................................... 54
Reference ..................................................................................................................... 57
Ch 5 Employability and Labor Market Performance of Female College Graduates ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..64
ii
5.1 Introduction .............................................................................................. 64
5.2 Conceptual Framework and Measurement Issue ..................................... 66
5.3 Data and Method ...................................................................................... 69
5.3.1 Mean Wage by Occupations ........................................................ 70
5.3.2 Method ......................................................................................... 71
5.4 Empirical Results and Discussions .......................................................... 73
5.4.1 The Effects of Self-assessed Employability Skills on Wage ....... 73
5.4.2 The Effects of Self-assessed Employability Skills on Occupation Specific Wage .............................................................................................. 76
5.5 Conclusion ............................................................................................... 79
Reference ..................................................................................................................... 82
Ch2
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Ch3
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Ch4
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Ch5
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